GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Dec 2018, 12:03

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     03:00 PM EST

     04:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     December 16, 2018

     December 16, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 1491
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 08:45
1
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

23% (01:39) correct 77% (01:44) wrong based on 146 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano in Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired the development of durable building materials in the future.

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired

B) Italy and resembled ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that, leading to the evacuation of an Italian port city, inspired

C) Italy, resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and could inspire

D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

E. Italy and that resembles ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

_________________

New project wSTAT(which Schools To Apply To?)

GMATClub School Ambassador

B-School app with GRE

New - RC Butler - 2 RC's everyday

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 27 Jan 2018
Posts: 42
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 09:41
workout wrote:
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano in Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired the development of durable building materials in the future.

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired

B) Italy and resembled ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that, leading to the evacuation of an Italian port city, inspired

C) Italy, resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and could inspire

D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

E. Italy and that resembles ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire
Tough question n i think it is D..

Sent from my SM-J700F using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 1491
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 10:18
vineethk929 wrote:
Tough question n i think it is D..

Sent from my SM-J700F using GMAT Club Forum mobile app


Please provide explanations on why you think option D is the correct choice. Doing so you can actively participate in the discussion. Also, others can help if they find errors in your analysis.
_________________

New project wSTAT(which Schools To Apply To?)

GMATClub School Ambassador

B-School app with GRE

New - RC Butler - 2 RC's everyday

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 43
Location: Sweden
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
CAT Tests
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 11:19
Tough one!
(C) Could is parallell. Could inspire ll could help explain.

Not sure though if it is the right one.
_________________

* * *
Wish my good luck for 700 before Christmas!
If you think my post provided any help, please give +1 kudos, it helps a lot! <3

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 20 Apr 2018
Posts: 175
Concentration: Technology, Nonprofit
WE: Analyst (Non-Profit and Government)
Premium Member
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 13 Aug 2018, 21:32
1
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano in Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired the development of durable building materials in the future.

Sentence core: The discovery [...] could help explain the rise that
    1. led to the evacuation
    2. inspired the development

first off, the parts highlighted in yellow are modifiers for the rock and are parallel, we need this construction: modifier is parallel to modifier

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired

B) Italy and resembled ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that, leading to the evacuation of an Italian port city, inspired
violates parallelism as discussed at the start; resembled acts as a verb here; verb is not parallel to modifier

C) Italy, resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and could inspire
violates parallelism as discussed at the start; also it is not clear what resembles concrete - the discovery? eliminate

D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

E) Italy and that resembles ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire
E clearly violates parallelism


down to A and D; lets set them up one below another

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired
D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

inspire is wrong in D (it should be in past-tense)
comma is not required when you have two elements (and those elements don't have modifiers)
D is gone.

Answer: A

^Okay, I screwed up. GyMrAT has it right in my opinion. It should be D.

"could help explain" and "inspired" are not parallel in A. We need them to be parallel.

*********************************************************************************

^Okay, strike that as well because the OA is not D. workout, can you please provide an OE?
Also, what is the source of this question?

*********************************************************************************

OA: D
so ignore the last edit :-D

Originally posted by sandman13 on 12 Aug 2018, 22:15.
Last edited by sandman13 on 13 Aug 2018, 21:32, edited 5 times in total.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 May 2018
Posts: 9
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 13 Aug 2018, 01:06
I think the answer is D.

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired :help and inspired are not parallel

B) Italy and resembled ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that, leading to the evacuation of an Italian port city, inspired :discovery is noun and resembled is verb. Therefore not parallel.

C) Italy, resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and could inspire : what is resembling modifying? So out.

D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire : correct.

E. Italy and that resembles ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire :also close, but discovery doesn't resemble ancient Roman concrete. so out

Originally posted by marvel3001 on 12 Aug 2018, 22:23.
Last edited by marvel3001 on 13 Aug 2018, 01:06, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 14 Dec 2017
Posts: 518
Location: India
Premium Member
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 22:53
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano in Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired the development of durable building materials in the future.

Meaning - A fibre rienforced rock was discovered. This rock is formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano & resembles ancient roman concrete. This discovery could help to explain the rise in water of the Tyrrhenian sea. The rise in water level led to the evacuation of the Italian port city. The discovery could also help to inspire the development of durable building materials in the future.

Cutting off the fluff we get "The discovery xxxxxxx could help explain xxxxxx and inspire xxxxx"

Participle parallelism required for "formed.....and resembling", both "formed" & "resembling" modify "fiber-reinforced rock"

Parallel structure required for "explain...and inspire" , both modifying "the discovery"

Answer D is correct.


Thanks,
GyM
_________________

New to GMAT Club - https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-gmat-club-need-help-271131.html#p2098335

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Status: Applying
Affiliations: test
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 33
Location: India
Yawer: Yawer
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 200 Q33 V33
WE: Consulting (Internet and New Media)
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 23:16
workout wrote:
The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths of an underwater dormant volcano in Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired the development of durable building materials in the future.

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired

B) Italy and resembled ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that, leading to the evacuation of an Italian port city, inspired

C) Italy, resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and could inspire

D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

E. Italy and that resembles ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire




This is a very good question. It boils down to A and D so let me give it a shot

A) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city and inspired
D) Italy and resembling ancient Roman concrete could help explain the unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian Sea that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire

Here, the parallelism can be between
1. "that led" and "inspire" - in this case the verb would be inspired
2. could help explain and inspire - in this case it would stay as inspire.

So, what inspired? The unusual rise in the water level of the Tyrrhenian or The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock? Clearly it's the discovery and therefore, the parallelism should be between the two properties of the said discovery that is : it could help explain and inspire.

Hence, A is out.

The discovery of a fiber-reinforced XXXX could help explain and inspire XXXX

D is the answer

Do give kudos if it helped, I have just started to comment under answers :)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 07 Oct 2017
Posts: 261
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 23:29
D for me

Notice that *formed* and *resembling* are parallel as both serves as modifier

A) and inspired-> seems like saying that unusual rise of water levels inspired the development of durable building material

B) the discovery resembled--that's non - sensical
( after the parallel marker *and*, go from right to left and check what resemble can be parallel to - - - > formed - - - > does not make sense

C) lacks the main verb

The discovery of blah blah blah, more modifiers, and could explain. ( sentence does not make sense)

E) what is *that resembles* parallel to?

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________

Thank you =Kudos
The best thing in life lies on the other side of the pain.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Status: Applying
Affiliations: test
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 33
Location: India
Yawer: Yawer
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 200 Q33 V33
WE: Consulting (Internet and New Media)
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 20:19
The OA C is ambiguous. resembling seems to modify the discovery..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 259
CAT Tests
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 21:19
My pick: C

A/B can be eliminated because
they convey somewhat of an illogical meaning. The options are saying that the "unsual rise in the water" inspired the development of the durable material.

D can be eliminated on almost the same basis. We don't really know what part of the sentence "and inspired" is referring to. Is it saying "the discovery could help explain and inspire..." OR "The discovery could help explain unusual rise in the water level that led to the evacuation of an Italian port city, and inspire...". If the latter, then the meaning becomes illogical as option A's/B's. If former, then option D would be correct. Since the meaning could go either way, we can eliminate option D.

E can be eliminated because it is not parallel.

C is right because now we have one strict meaning which is that the discovery could help explain AND could inspire.

Posted from my mobile device
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Affiliations: GMATClub
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 1491
Concentration: Nonprofit
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2018, 21:24
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths &nbs [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 21:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The discovery of a fiber-reinforced rock formed in the depths

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.