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# The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco

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The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2011, 13:11
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 78
Page: 148
Difficulty:

Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541–1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco’s time, the intentional distortion of human figures was unprecedented in European painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had an astigmatism, a type of visual impairment, that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because______________.

(A) several twentieth-century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco’s paintings the systematic elongation of the human form
(B) some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco’s portraits
(C) if El Greco had an astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted
(D) even if El Greco had an astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived
(E) there were non-European artists, even in El Greco’s time, who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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03 Jan 2011, 14:13
Had a hard time understanding this one since I'm not familiar with elongated and astagmatism.

However, the last sentence clearly refers to El Greco and something about his 'disease' so we can rule out A, B, E and we are left with C, D

D makes no sense at all so I'll pick C
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04 Jan 2011, 11:49
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Thanks for posting the source noboru
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04 Jan 2011, 16:56
any more takers?
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04 Jan 2011, 19:04
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I will have to say C as well.

A - does not address Greco's condition
B - same as A and does not mean that these people were alive during his time
D - irrelevant
E - same as A; did other artists have astigmatism? Could be 'yes' or 'no'

...so go with C.

Thanks for the question.
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06 Jan 2011, 04:32
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It is an assumption question. I think ans is C
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07 Jan 2011, 10:09
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I think, in this question the blank part of the last sentence must be filled in with such an assumption which can negate the suggestion that El Greco suffered from astigmatism and hence, give another explanation to the fact that figures in his paintings were elongated. In my opinion it is "B" (Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits) which gives an alternative explanation why figures depicted in his pictures are elongated. I think it is fairly possible that El Greco had portrayed elongated people as such, but had not distorted of the natural human figure. Consequently, he did not suffer from astigmatism.

I will go with B !!!
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10 Jan 2011, 02:47
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noboru wrote:
The figures in portraits by the Spanish painter El Greco (1541-1614) are systematically elongated. In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently, some critics have suggested that El Greco had astigmatism, a type of visual impairment that resulted in people appearing to him in the distorted way that is characteristic of his paintings. However, this suggestion cannot be the explanation, because _______________________
A. Several twentieth century artists have consciously adopted from El Greco's paintings the systematic elongation of the human form.
B. Some people do have elongated bodies somewhat like those depicted in El Greco's portraits.
C. If El Greco had astigmatism, then, relative to how people looked to him, the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted.
D. Even if El Greco had astigmatism, there would have been no correction for it available in the period in which he lived.
E. There were non-European artists even in El Greco's time who included in their works human figures that were intentionally distorted.

Premises: some critics have suggested that painter El Greco had astigmatism , a disease to which human figure will be distorted under his view. This suggestion will not be convincing if at his time there were people who really have some figured (elongated) that were dicpicted exactly in El Greco paintings.
The blank needs a reason to explain why El Greco had not that disease. It is simply because people who have some unsual figures existed there. That's why i pick B
Please correct my reasoning if i make this cr wrong.
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17 Mar 2011, 08:40
I chose C.
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18 Mar 2011, 06:03
Only C makes sense.
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25 Mar 2011, 21:26
E does not weaken the original argument. But I want to hear from people.

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28 Mar 2011, 08:14
B is the answer for me.
C should not be the correc answer- Even if the elongated figures in his paintings would have appeared to him to be distorted, then what? Had he thrown his paintings? Had he changed his way to paint? or had he kept the paintings?
We can't make assumptions. Can we?
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28 Mar 2011, 08:17
What is the OA Noboru?
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28 Mar 2011, 18:49
I think B is a exception and limited in scope since it uses "some"

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17 Apr 2011, 08:15
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The answer is C. I arrived at the answer by POE, and the legendary Ron Purewal says so too

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... t9634.html
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26 Oct 2011, 14:18
I picked C...the best explanation.
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27 Oct 2011, 05:06
go with B
OA?
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27 Oct 2011, 06:26
Confused between B and C...

But looks like the answer is C
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27 Oct 2011, 07:09
"E"

In El Greco's time, the intentional distortion of the human figures was unprecedented in European Painting. Consequently.....

What if the there were artists outside of Europe, in the same time as Greco, who intentionally distorted human figures? If this were to be true, would not the assumption used by the critics to arrive at the conclusion be incorrect?
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27 Oct 2011, 07:41
C.
If the elongated figures in his paintings have appeared to him to be distorted, the figures in portraits by El Greco would not have been SYSTEMATICALLY elongated.
Re: El Greco   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2011, 07:41

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