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# The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag

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The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Oct 2010, 02:59
2
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14
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

52% (00:58) correct 48% (00:57) wrong based on 432 sessions

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The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.

(A) The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.
(B) Because it was the first country to reach the moon, the United States flag has stood on the moon since 1945.
(C) The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945.
(D) The United States was the first country to reach the moon and its flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.
(E) Having been the first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where planted in 1945.

Not entirely convinced with the answer. Don't forget KUDOS if you like the post.

Spoiler: :: expln
Explanation:

The descriptive phrase at the beginning of the sentence "The first country moon" indicates that modifiers are being tested. It currently modifies "the flag." It should modify "the United States", eliminate choices (A), (B) and (E) because they do not fix this problem.

Choice (D) uses the ambiguous pronouns "it" and "its".

Originally posted by hemanthp on 10 Oct 2010, 01:28.
Last edited by hemanthp on 10 Oct 2010, 02:59, edited 2 times in total.
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10 Oct 2010, 02:05
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The first county to reach the moon is the U.S and not the U.S flag, Hence notwithstanding other errors, A, B and E are wrong on the face of them.

The U.S is still the first country to reach the moon and to describe such a universal truth in past tense as was as in D is wrong.

Finally, in C the first country to reach the moon rightly modifies the noun just before it and hence C is the right answer.

What exactly is the problem with C?
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##### General Discussion
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10 Oct 2010, 02:38
Can someone explain this -

(C) The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945.

The phrase in blue is modifying the United states or the flag of United states?

Since the first section has The flag of United states - as per M -GMAT rule , of can be avoided. So if we consider this as United States' flag, than - the modifying phrase is wrongly modifying the flag instead of US.

Than C isn't a good option to chose

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10 Oct 2010, 02:58
I feel that option C is modifying the entire noun phrase which has FLAG as the subject. I am not entirely convinced thats the way to use the noun phrases.
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10 Oct 2010, 06:48
Appositives need not refer to the entire phrase before. For example, look at the following.

For most aspirants, the criterion for the selecting the institutes the colleges and the universities that impart engineering skills, is the number of the candidates selected in the campus placement.

The appositive i.e., the colleges and the universities that impart engineering skills, obviously refers to the institutes and not to the entire phrase before.
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10 Oct 2010, 08:06
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C is correct.

The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945

if the modifier 'the first country to reach the moon' can not modify the closest noun, then only you may consider the flag. But here it is modifying US properly.
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10 Oct 2010, 22:16
gurpreetsingh wrote:
C is correct.

The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945

if the modifier 'the first country to reach the moon' can not modify the closest noun, then only you may consider the flag. But here it is modifying US properly.

Thanks !
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12 Oct 2010, 09:33
Thank you all for the good discussion
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16 Oct 2010, 00:59
I picked C too, and enjoyed the discussion.
thanks
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16 Oct 2010, 02:47
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C is correct. The phrase "the first country to reach the moon" is an absolute phrase and it modifies the entire clause preceding it. i think the best way to handle these types of questions in which we have doubts about the validity of answers is to use POE and ensure that all other choices are grammatically incorrect before picking out our answer choice.
Here, A, B and E are outright rejected because of modifier issues.
D is rejected because it uses the wrong tense. In factual statements, general definitions, habitual actions and things which signify some type of state, the use of simple present is always preferred.
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03 Jan 2011, 13:04
The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.

(A) The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.
Very Awkward and wordy
(B) Because it was the first country to reach the moon, the United States flag has stood on the moon since 1945.
Starting with vecause makes it wordy
(C) The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945.
Best answer. the modifier after comma explains more about united states which obeys the touch rule
(D) The United States was the first country to reach the moon and its flag still stands where it was planted in 1945.
I think gramatically its correct but C sounds good
(E) Having been the first country to reach the moon, the United States flag still stands where planted in 1945.
Very wordy and the use of having been makes it awkward.
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08 Mar 2011, 05:40
ermks279 wrote:
Can someone explain this -

(C) The flag of the United States, the first country to reach the moon, still stands where it was planted in 1945.

The phrase in blue is modifying the United states or the flag of United states?

Since the first section has The flag of United states - as per M -GMAT rule , of can be avoided. So if we consider this as United States' flag, than - the modifying phrase is wrongly modifying the flag instead of US.

Than C isn't a good option to chose

C it is , modifier 'the first country to reach the moon' rightly modifies the unites states and not the flag. i don't understand as per which m-gmat rule, 'of' can be avoided.
and does m-gmat set rules for grammar ?
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18 Mar 2011, 16:23
+1 C

D is a run on sentence. It is necessary a comma before the word "and".
Also, D is wordy.
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Re: The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 17:41
I do not think D uses wrong tense because no outside knowledge is used and no universal truth is here.
C is better than D because the absolute phrase can be eliminated with the intact meaning. Also, C keeps the original meaning of the sentence; that is, the absolute phrase is used for modifying.
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Re: The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 08:55
Imo C
Here The first country to reach the moon correctly modifies United states and the intended meaning is also clear .
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The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 10:27
in D, "it was planted" is not clear.
D does sound awkward, and D can be redundant.
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Re: The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 10:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The first country to reach the moon, the United States flag   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2019, 10:29
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