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The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal

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The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so small compared with many other skeleton presumed to be of same species, and so some paleontologists have argued that Lucy represents a different lineage.

(A) presumed to be of same species, and so
(B) presumed to be of the same species that
(C) presumed that they are of same species, and so
(D) that they have presumed to be of the same species, so that
(E) that they have presumed are of the same species, and
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 03 Oct 2017, 18:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 20:07
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B. I chose this because when looking at the section of the sentence "is so small compared ..." this should meet and "flow" properly with the word "that." Moreover, it felt more conversational think when telling a story etc. "things were so blah blah blah THAT" The other "split" that included "that" was too wordy. GMAT would like things to be conscise; meaning don't use eight words when four will do.

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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2010, 08:45
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B it is.

the idiom is "so X that Y"

The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so small compared with many other skeleton presumed to be of same species, and so some paleontologists have argued that Lucy represents a different lineage.

A. presumed to be of same species, and so - incorrect
B. presumed to be of the same species that - correct. the skeleton is so small......that....
C. presumed that they are of same species, and so - 'they' has no referent
D. that they have presumed to be of the same species, so that - 'they' has no referent
E. that they have presumed are of the same species, and - 'they' has no referent

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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2010, 22:44
Killer explanation :-D !

seekmba wrote:
B it is.

the idiom is "so X that Y"

The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so small compared with many other skeleton presumed to be of same species, and so some paleontologists have argued that Lucy represents a different lineage.

A. presumed to be of same species, and so - incorrect
B. presumed to be of the same species that - correct. the skeleton is so small......that....
C. presumed that they are of same species, and so - 'they' has no referent
D. that they have presumed to be of the same species, so that - 'they' has no referent
E. that they have presumed are of the same species, and - 'they' has no referent

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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2012, 09:30
I think the OA has to be B. The explanation provided by seekmba is absolutely spot on.
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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2014, 21:55
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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2016, 23:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2017, 14:06
Required construction is "so small ... that"
Observe only the highlightedpart :

The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so small compared with many other skeleton presumed to be of same species,and so that some paleontologists have argued that Lucy represents a different lineage.

Ans : C

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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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There's an idiom in there (not correctly completed in the original sentence): "Lucy is SO X... THAT <Y is true or Y is the case as a result>. There's no "THAT Y" in the original sentence. Eliminate A. Note the basic meaning of the nonunderlined part: Lucy is SO SMALL compared with many other skeletons... (THAT). Whatever follows "that" will have to provide the reason why we're emphasizing how small Lucy is.

Examine the other choices:
B) SO small (compared to skeletons supposedly of same species) THAT some people argue Lucy is different. Okay.
C) SO small (compared with many other skeletons presumed) THAT they are of the same species. That doesn't make sense. The Y is not true as a result of being "so small."
D) SO small (compared with many other skeletons) THAT they have presumed to be of the same species. That doesn't make sense (same reason as C). Also, this says that "they," the skeletons, have presumed something. They're skeletons; they can't presume anything. Smile
E) SO small (compared with many other skeletons) THAT they have presumed are of the same species. The idiom still doesn't work.
Only B works!
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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 07:17
The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so small compared with many other skeleton presumed to be of same species, and so some paleontologists have argued that Lucy represents a different lineage.
A. presumed to be of same species, and so - idiom issue - Lucy is SO X... THAT <Y is true or Y is the case as a result>.
B. presumed to be of the same species that - Correct
C. presumed that they are of same species, and so - SO small (compared with many other skeletons presumed) THAT they are of the same species. That doesn't make sense. The Y is not true as a result of being "so small."
D. that they have presumed to be of the same species, so that - Illogical meaning - it says that the skeletons have presumed something
E. that they have presumed are of the same species, and - idiom issue


Answer B
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Re: The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2017, 07:17
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The four-million-year-old fossilized skeleton known as Lucy is so smal

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