It is currently 13 Dec 2017, 09:16

Decision(s) Day!:

CHAT Rooms | Ross R1 | Kellogg R1 | Darden R1 | Tepper R1


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jun 2015
Posts: 87

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 117

Location: Australia
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jan 2017, 18:45
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Ans E

In E

Main clause: "...the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long..."

Subject of the sentence: "the Incan Highway..." is sandwiched between two participial phrase/modifier, both modifying the subject.

Modifier 1: "The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus..": Built is past participle of build

Modifier 2: " extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili..": Extending is present participle of extend


Side Note
Two subsequent modifiers - placed one after another - cannot modify the same subject/main clause, as seen in answer choices A to D. Of course there are plenty other wrong with all 4 of them.

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 117

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3227

Kudos [?]: 3633 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2017, 02:42
TheRzS wrote:
Ans E

In E

Main clause: "...the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long..."

Subject of the sentence: "the Incan Highway..." is sandwiched between two participial phrase/modifier, both modifying the subject.

Modifier 1: "The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus..": Built is past participle of build

Modifier 2: " extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili..": Extending is present participle of extend


Side Note
Two subsequent modifiers - placed one after another - cannot modify the same subject/main clause, as seen in answer choices A to D. Of course there are plenty other wrong with all 4 of them.


Just a word of caution:
Do not eliminate an answer choice just by seeing two consecutive modifiers (without conjunction) referring to the same noun. Please check whether the case could be a valid exception (of touch rule), in which the second modifier modifies the the noun and first modifier ( the mission critical modifier) together. The following example is from Manhattan SC guide:
He had a way OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts.

Kudos [?]: 3633 [0], given: 22

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Dec 2016
Posts: 31

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 34

Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Apr 2017, 23:39
As per the intent of sentence,
-The greatest road system....was the Incan highway
-Info about length and route of highway.

I am confused why option E is correct. Shouldn't there be a verb after Columbus and Incan highway?.
I feel option E suggest that the greatest road system was over 250 miles long....
However it now has eliminated the first intent of stressing the name of Highway. Also if the first clause modifies Incan highway, then Incan Highway must be within comma.

Also I am not sure why Option B is wrong?
Pls advise

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 34

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3227

Kudos [?]: 3633 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2017, 02:17
shoumodip wrote:
As per the intent of sentence,
-The greatest road system....was the Incan highway
-Info about length and route of highway.

I am confused why option E is correct. Shouldn't there be a verb after Columbus and Incan highway?.
I feel option E suggest that the greatest road system was over 250 miles long....
However it now has eliminated the first intent of stressing the name of Highway. Also if the first clause modifies Incan highway, then Incan Highway must be within comma.

Also I am not sure why Option B is wrong?
Pls advise


E: The subject is "the Incan Highway"; the verb is "was". Therefore there is no comma between them. The opening part "The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus" is a modifier for "the Incan Highway", not the subject itself.

B: " Incan highway" has 2 parallel modifiers:
1. over 2,500 miles in length
2. extended from....
The second modifier is wrong - it implies that the highway had existed, but it was subsequently extended by someone. This meaning is the not the original intended meaning.

Kudos [?]: 3633 [0], given: 22

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 167

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2017, 22:28
I picked option E but have a query on option B.
Option B as mentioned contains bad parallelism,
Omitting over 2,500 miles in length as a non-essesntial modifier, sentence B stands as The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway and extended from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.

So, is extended here a modifier or a verb. On side of the sentence before and we have a clause, so the other side should also contain a clause to maintain parallelism.

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2017, 23:15
Top Contributor
Sorry since the question and the choices are not there handily in front, I am finding it difficult to comment.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 167

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2017, 23:18
daagh wrote:
Sorry since the question and the choices are not there handily in front, I am finding it difficult to comment.



The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length and extended
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
E. Columbus, the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long, extendin

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2017, 00:44
Top Contributor
Please, note that the phenomenon of extension from Ecuador through Chile is a modifier that describes the enormous length of the road. In B, the second part is a fragment because it does not have a subject. Even so, because the extension through three countries is a describer or modifier of the system running for 2500 miles long, the second part should have been placed with just a comma rather than with a conjunction.
All in all, the important point is that B is incorrect and time to rollover to the remaining choices.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 167

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2017, 01:27
daagh wrote:
Please, note that the phenomenon of extension from Ecuador through Chile is a modifier that describes the enormous length of the road. In B, the second part is a fragment because it does not have a subject. Even so, because the extension through three countries is a describer or modifier of the system running for 2500 miles long, the second part should have been placed with just a comma rather than with a conjunction.
All in all, the important point is that B is incorrect and time to rollover to the remaining choices.



Hi Daagh,
,over 2,500 miles in length, modifies the subject Incan highway and it's an non-essential modifier.
So, omitting ,over 2,500 miles in length,
Option B stands as- The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway and extended from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chile.
So, and here is not required or should have a subject to follow. Please help me in understanding if I am correct.

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 145

Top Contributor
1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8327 [1], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2017, 02:11
1
This post received
KUDOS
Top Contributor
B without'and'
Quote:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles long extended

Without the conjunction 'and', the sentence will be a double verbed clause with the Incan highway as the subject and two verbs namely ' was'and 'extended' without a proper connector. Obviously, this is wrong, some kind of a fragment, without a subject for the second part.
It is also not clear whether somebody extended the highway after some time or whether the highway ran the whole distance from day one without additional laying.
The most obvious and easily visible error seems to the parallelism error with a clause on one side of the conjunction and just a predicate on the other
I didn't go further on B because that much was enough for me to understand that wasn't among the contenders.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8327 [1], given: 366

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 178

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 408

Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 02:56
scorpio7 wrote:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length and extended
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
E. Columbus, the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending


how to eliminate choice B.
this problem show the meaing problem gmat want to test. just changing a little bit, meaing is different and not logic. this is the case we will meet on gmat.

look at b
the greatest road system is incan highway and extended from a to b.
relations among ideas is not close.
relation among ideas is more close in choice E.

this case is most difficult situation in meaning error. IDEA RELATION IS NOT CLOSE.

normally, we have the following kinds of meaning errors.
- meaning relation is not logic
-meaning relation is not clear
-meaning relation is redundant
-meaning relation is not close.

because gmat test meaning error, classifying meaning error is reasonable.

I try to remember 4 types of meaning error.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 408

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1088

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 570

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: 314 Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 08:54
scorpio7 wrote:
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending
B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length and extended
D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
E. Columbus, the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending


The answer is E

We need a verb to make the original sentence correct.
We also have characteristic of the Incan highway 2500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.
We need present participle to depict the state of highway .


A use of extending is wrong in A as it should modify the highway but here it is connected to the phrase" over 2,500 miles long" also we need verb after which
B Changes meaning it suggests that the highway was over 2500 miles means greater than 2500 miles , but it was 2500 miles long
Parallelism error
C this choice is not parallel and use of extended is wrong it should modify highway.
D Wrong use of being also there is a shift in meaning it was not extended how can you extend the highway .
E Correct modifier extending correctly modifies the previous clause .
_________________

We are more often frightened than hurt; and we suffer more from imagination than from reality

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 570

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1088

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 570

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: 314 Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 09:27
This sentence also tests the concept of open marker and where the entities in parallelism are not easily seen .
So we have to repeat the same signal word to remove the ambiguity
For example
I want to go to Spain where i can participate in tomatina festival and throw tomatoes this sentence is wrong
The correct sentence is I want to go to Spain where i can participate in tomatina festival andwhere i can throw tomatoes
_________________

We are more often frightened than hurt; and we suffer more from imagination than from reality

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 570

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Dec 2015
Posts: 257

Kudos [?]: 58 [1], given: 1

Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
WE: Investment Banking (Venture Capital)
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2017, 16:02
1
This post received
KUDOS
The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.

A. Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending
- "and extending" = incorrect. ", which" not necessary b/c you're not giving it a verb.

B. Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended
- "and extended" = incorrect. "over 2,500 miles in length" = incomplete - where is verb? also, "in length" should be "long"

C. Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length and extended
- "in length" should be "long". This is awkward, wordy construction. "and extended" = incorrect.

D. Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended
- "being" = incorrect. also, "was extended" = incorrect. the road system was not extended. "in length" should be "long". This is awkward, wordy construction.

E. Columbus, the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending
- correct as is

key thing to note here is the STRUCTURE of the sentence: OPENING MODIFIER --> MAIN POINT --> MODIFIER
> if you can spot this, notice the last phrase is a modifier, so it's logical to begin that with "verb-ing" and not "AND + SOMETHING".

Kudos please if you find helpful :)

Kudos [?]: 58 [1], given: 1

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Target 760
Joined: 20 Aug 2014
Posts: 52

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 71

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Economics
GMAT 1: 670 Q50 V30
GPA: 3.25
WE: Corporate Finance (Investment Banking)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Nov 2017, 07:14
scorpio7 wrote:
Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending from northern Ecuador through Peru to southern Chili.

(A) Columbus was the Incan highway, which, over 2,500 miles long and extending

(B) Columbus was the Incan highway, over 2,500 miles in length, and extended

(C) Columbus, the Incan highway, which was over 2,500 miles in length and extended

(D) Columbus, the Incan highway, being over 2,500 miles in length, was extended

(E) Columbus, the Incan Highway was over 2,500 miles long, extending


You need "part participle extending for completing the phrase.. extending from... to....

Eliminate B,C and D.

In E, which is not required. It kind of makes this event boring

Second error: Columbus was not the highway.

Go with E

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 71

Re: The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2017, 07:14

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 55 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The greatest road system built in the Americas prior to the arrival of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.