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# The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric

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Updated on: 11 Oct 2018, 07:17
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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

(A) it will try

(B) that it tried

(D) it would have tried

(E) that it would try

This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

Originally posted by jaynayak on 22 Jun 2006, 23:32.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Oct 2018, 07:17, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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29 Mar 2015, 20:20
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Official Explanation:

In the original sentence, the verb "had implemented" is in the past perfect tense, indicating that this event occurred at some point before the commissioner spoke. The verb "will try", however, is in the simple future. When the future is indicated from the point of view of the past, the simple future is not used. Instead, the conditional is required. For example, "The man said that he would buy a new car" is preferable to "The man said that he will buy a new car." We need to find a conditional verb. Moreover, the pronoun "it" begins a new clause and thus requires repetition of "that" in order to make clear, using parallel structure, that this new clause is still something that the commissioner said. For example, "The man said that he would buy a new car and that he would drive it everywhere" is preferable to "The man said that he would buy a new car and he would drive it everywhere."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice does not offer the conditional "would try", though it does offer another "that". The past tense "tried" is definitely wrong here because the trying will happen "in the future" according to the original sentence. Thus this choice changes the meaning unacceptably.

(C) This choice uses the past perfect tense "had tried" where the conditional "would try" is preferred. An extra "that" is needed to make the two clauses "the government

(D) This is a tempting choice as it fixes the verb tense to the conditional "would." However, the tense is technically "conditional perfect" (would have tried), which is not
the proper tense. Moreover, an extra "that" is needed to make the two clauses "the government had..." and "it would try" parallel.

(E) CORRECT. This choice provides the plain conditional tense and another "that".
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2006, 13:46
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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, that it would try to prevent the outbreak from reccurring in the future.

E maintains ||sm, so I go with it
##### General Discussion
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2006, 06:33
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Past statements with future implication(s) always takes the modal (could/would) form.

The second "that" isn't necessary here because "it" clearly refers to the same commissioner's statement on behalf of the government.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2009, 10:24
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I feel "E" is the correct answer.
The sentence says health commissioner was quoting whatever the govt had said.

So, from the elementary school grammar, when i want to quote something said by others, the origianl senstence remains the same.
Eg : She said "I will not do the homework".

If the above sentence should be written without quotes, we say.

She said that she would not do the homework.

When quotes are removed, simple present/future tense becomes simple past and
simple past will become past perfect.

Same applies here too.

If we are quoting commissioners exact words, sentence will be as below:
The health commissioner said "The govt implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future"

But if i want to say what the commissioner said, i'll say it as below
The health commissioner said that the govt had implemented and that it would try to prevent
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2010, 08:02
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I will go with E.

When there is a simple prediction about the future, we use "will"
With predictions about the future that have been made in the past, we use “would”

example:
Correct: Sam said that he would do his homework by saturday only if he is allowed to play on sunday.
Incorrect: Sam said that he will do his homework by saturday only if he is allowed to play on sunday.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2010, 13:28
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E it is.

We need 'would' because the sentence is written in the past about the future. Also the sentence is parallel with....The health commissioner said that the government.......and that it....

The below should help.

Quote:
OA is E

"despite" is not a conjunction. "And" is a conjunction. "And" also indicates that parallelism is required.

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and it would try to prevent the outbreak from reccurring in the future.

The health commissioner said that X [a clause] and (that) Y (another clause).

Both clauses are things that the health commissioner said. Further, both clauses start with nouns - in particular, nouns that are the subjects of their respective clauses. Finally, the subject "it" in the second parallel clause is referring to the subject "government" in the first parallel clause. (It's not 100% required for the pronoun to refer specifically to the subject in the first clause, but when it does, that's extra-nice parallelism.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 11:19
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 16:06
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qwerty12321 wrote:
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks

Dear qwerty12321,
That's a great question, and I am happy to help.

Technically, according to the rules of Parallelism, the first "that" could be construed as "outside" the parallelism, so it would cover both clauses, and we wouldn't need the second "that." Technically, this is correct, according to the once-outside-twice-inside rule. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-paral ... ce-inside/

BUT, in practice, "that" clauses are big bulky things, and for clarity of the sentence, most sophisticated writers, including the folks at GMAC, always repeat the second "that" for overall clarity. Even though, by the rules of Parallelism, we don't have to repeat the "that," in practice the GMAT always does, so for GMAT purposes, essentially it is a rule that we need to repeat the word "that."

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2015, 10:56
2
Hi,

As the 'the health commissioner said' is in the past, we need the 'would' to specify the event which was in future at that point of time.
Basically, when reporting verb is in the past , conditional is required.

Thanks!
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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15 May 2016, 13:14
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

A. it will try

B. that it tried

D. it would have tried

E. that it would try

The sequence of events is

Implementing strict measures---->The health commissioner announced implementation of programme ---->Try to prevent future incidents from recurring

 Future / will ( In The past ) = Would

Hence among the given options only option (E) fits in correctly....
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2019, 03:55
jaynayak wrote:
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

(A) it will try

(B) that it tried

(D) it would have tried

(E) that it would try

This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

The sentence is in reported speech tone (said) so implemented = had implemented. & will try = would try. Moreover THAT + the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food AND THAT it would try is parallelism. Thus E
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 08:14
shouldnt E be "and that...."? Otherwise, it is "sb. said that...., that...." It does not sound right.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 08:50
yunbao wrote:
shouldnt E be "and that...."? Otherwise, it is "sb. said that...., that...." It does not sound right.
This is the sentence that option E leads to:

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, that it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

There's the and that that you were looking for.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 21:02
AjiteshArun wrote:
yunbao wrote:
shouldnt E be "and that...."? Otherwise, it is "sb. said that...., that...." It does not sound right.
This is the sentence that option E leads to:

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, that it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

There's the and that that you were looking for.

But what about "Comma before that" rule? Isn't it wrong to use "comma" before "that" in GMAT?
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 21:18
anusaini wrote:
But what about "Comma before that" rule? Isn't it wrong to use "comma" before "that" in GMAT?
There are a couple of things we should look at here:

1. The type of that that you are referring to is one that refers to a noun before it. For example, it's a bad idea to use a comma in the following sentence:

She solved a question, that the other students could not solve.

However, the that in this question ("the commissioner said that") is not one that refers to a noun before it (it is a different type of that).

2. The situation gets a little more complicated when we add modifiers that have commas of their own.

She solved a question, despite being given very little time, that the other students could not solve.

In such situations, we need to associate the commas with the other modifier (despite...) and not with the that. That is, we should look at the sentence like this:

She solved a question, despite being given very little time, that the other students could not solve.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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24 May 2019, 21:37
AjiteshArun wrote:
anusaini wrote:
But what about "Comma before that" rule? Isn't it wrong to use "comma" before "that" in GMAT?
There are a couple of things we should look at here:

1. The type of that that you are referring to is one that refers to a noun before it. For example, it's a bad idea to use a comma in the following sentence:

She solved a question, that the other students could not solve.

However, the that in this question ("the commissioner said that") is not one that refers to a noun before it (it is a different type of that).

2. The situation gets a little more complicated when we add modifiers that have commas of their own.

She solved a question, despite being given very little time, that the other students could not solve.

In such situations, we need to associate the commas with the other modifier (despite...) and not with the that. That is, we should look at the sentence like this:

She solved a question, despite being given very little time, that the other students could not solve.

So basically, if "comma pair" separates out additional or non-essential information then the usage of "comma+ that" is justified, Right?
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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30 May 2019, 02:32
Hey guys,

I don't understand why in none of the choices there isn't a comma before "and" since the statement has 2 subjects and 2 verbs connected by a conjunction

Thank you
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2019, 03:14
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xXalaXx wrote:
Hey guys,

I don't understand why in none of the choices there isn't a comma before "and" since the statement has 2 subjects and 2 verbs connected by a conjunction
Thank you

It's NOT necessary that since the statement has 2 subjects and 2 verbs, the statements MUST use a comma before the coordinating conjunction.

A comma(,) + one of the F.A.N.B.O.Y.S. is one of the correct ways to connect the 2 ICs (Independent Clauses).

Remember, the clauses need to be independent - A COMPLETE thought which can stand on its OWN.
Independent clause:
The Mars Rover tracked the barren lands of the planet, but it was unable to traverse on the uneven terrain. - A COMPLETE thought which can stand on its OWN.
SV-pair (Subject-Verb):
The Mars Rover - tracked
it (The Mars Rover) - was unable
Dependent clause:
Although the train was delayed and the signal was green, ... - An INCOMPLETE thought which CANNOT stand on its OWN.
Even though the above sentence has SV-pair (Subject-Verb), it keeps the reader in transce as we are NOT sure of the COMPLETE informtaion - What exactly happend when the train was delayed?
SV-pair (Subject-Verb):
the train - was delayed
the signal - was green

Similarly, the sentence asserts: The health commissioner said X AND Y.
X and Y are dependent clauses because they both start with a relative modifier - That (Which, who, whom, that, etc.)
The usage of a comma before AND will demand an independent clause - a demand which CANNOT be fulfilled by the dependent clause.

xXalaXx, I would suggest that you explore this GMAT SC-link, as it covers many such GMAT-nuances.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2019, 15:53
Dear Xylan,

Thank you for replying to my previous post. I am writing from my other account.
You were very helpful. Also thank you for posting the SC tips link. I learned a lot of new stuff.
If you have any more SC useful links, please let me know
Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2019, 15:53

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