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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric

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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Oct 2018, 06:17
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47% (00:33) correct 53% (00:40) wrong based on 1659 sessions

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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.


(A) it will try

(B) that it tried

(C) it had tried

(D) it would have tried

(E) that it would try


This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

Originally posted by jaynayak on 22 Jun 2006, 22:32.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Oct 2018, 06:17, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 19:20
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Official Explanation:



In the original sentence, the verb "had implemented" is in the past perfect tense, indicating that this event occurred at some point before the commissioner spoke. The verb "will try", however, is in the simple future. When the future is indicated from the point of view of the past, the simple future is not used. Instead, the conditional is required. For example, "The man said that he would buy a new car" is preferable to "The man said that he will buy a new car." We need to find a conditional verb. Moreover, the pronoun "it" begins a new clause and thus requires repetition of "that" in order to make clear, using parallel structure, that this new clause is still something that the commissioner said. For example, "The man said that he would buy a new car and that he would drive it everywhere" is preferable to "The man said that he would buy a new car and he would drive it everywhere."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice does not offer the conditional "would try", though it does offer another "that". The past tense "tried" is definitely wrong here because the trying will happen "in the future" according to the original sentence. Thus this choice changes the meaning unacceptably.

(C) This choice uses the past perfect tense "had tried" where the conditional "would try" is preferred. An extra "that" is needed to make the two clauses "the government
had..." and "it had tried" parallel.

(D) This is a tempting choice as it fixes the verb tense to the conditional "would." However, the tense is technically "conditional perfect" (would have tried), which is not
the proper tense. Moreover, an extra "that" is needed to make the two clauses "the government had..." and "it would try" parallel.

(E) CORRECT. This choice provides the plain conditional tense and another "that".
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2006, 12:46
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The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, that it would try to prevent the outbreak from reccurring in the future.

E maintains ||sm, so I go with it
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2006, 05:33
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Past statements with future implication(s) always takes the modal (could/would) form.

The second "that" isn't necessary here because "it" clearly refers to the same commissioner's statement on behalf of the government.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2009, 09:24
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I feel "E" is the correct answer.
The sentence says health commissioner was quoting whatever the govt had said.

So, from the elementary school grammar, when i want to quote something said by others, the origianl senstence remains the same.
Eg : She said "I will not do the homework".

If the above sentence should be written without quotes, we say.

She said that she would not do the homework.

When quotes are removed, simple present/future tense becomes simple past and
simple past will become past perfect.

Same applies here too.

If we are quoting commissioners exact words, sentence will be as below:
The health commissioner said "The govt implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future"

But if i want to say what the commissioner said, i'll say it as below
The health commissioner said that the govt had implemented and that it would try to prevent
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2010, 07:02
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I will go with E.

When there is a simple prediction about the future, we use "will"
With predictions about the future that have been made in the past, we use “would”

example:
Correct: Sam said that he would do his homework by saturday only if he is allowed to play on sunday.
Incorrect: Sam said that he will do his homework by saturday only if he is allowed to play on sunday.
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2010, 12:28
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E it is.

We need 'would' because the sentence is written in the past about the future. Also the sentence is parallel with....The health commissioner said that the government.......and that it....

The below should help.

Quote:
OA is E

"despite" is not a conjunction. "And" is a conjunction. "And" also indicates that parallelism is required.

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and it would try to prevent the outbreak from reccurring in the future.

The health commissioner said that X [a clause] and (that) Y (another clause).

Both clauses are things that the health commissioner said. Further, both clauses start with nouns - in particular, nouns that are the subjects of their respective clauses. Finally, the subject "it" in the second parallel clause is referring to the subject "government" in the first parallel clause. (It's not 100% required for the pronoun to refer specifically to the subject in the first clause, but when it does, that's extra-nice parallelism. :)
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2014, 10:19
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2014, 15:06
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qwerty12321 wrote:
The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, [that] it would try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

In this statement is the usage of "that" necessary?
Can't "that" be counted across parallel elements?

Thanks

Dear qwerty12321,
That's a great question, and I am happy to help. :-)

Technically, according to the rules of Parallelism, the first "that" could be construed as "outside" the parallelism, so it would cover both clauses, and we wouldn't need the second "that." Technically, this is correct, according to the once-outside-twice-inside rule. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-paral ... ce-inside/

BUT, in practice, "that" clauses are big bulky things, and for clarity of the sentence, most sophisticated writers, including the folks at GMAC, always repeat the second "that" for overall clarity. Even though, by the rules of Parallelism, we don't have to repeat the "that," in practice the GMAT always does, so for GMAT purposes, essentially it is a rule that we need to repeat the word "that."

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2015, 09:56
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Hi,

As the 'the health commissioner said' is in the past, we need the 'would' to specify the event which was in future at that point of time.
Basically, when reporting verb is in the past , conditional is required.

Thanks!
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 12:14
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

The health commissioner said that the government had implemented strict measures to eradicate the contaminated food and, despite the recent illnesses, it will try to prevent the outbreak from recurring in the future.

A. it will try

B. that it tried

C. it had tried

D. it would have tried

E. that it would try


The sequence of events is

Implementing strict measures---->The health commissioner announced implementation of programme ---->Try to prevent future incidents from recurring

Future / will ( In The past ) = Would


Hence among the given options only option (E) fits in correctly.... :-D
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 06:20
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Re: The health commissioner said that the government had implemented stric &nbs [#permalink] 11 Oct 2018, 06:20
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