GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 10 Dec 2018, 12:01

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free lesson on number properties

     December 10, 2018

     December 10, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 11, 2018

     December 11, 2018

     09:00 PM EST

     10:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. December 11 at 9 PM EST.

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 565
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 15 Oct 2018, 03:18
1
10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:24) correct 44% (01:43) wrong based on 1971 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.


(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 8: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here

Originally posted by eyunni on 30 Sep 2007, 16:54.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Oct 2018, 03:18, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2141
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2017, 07:48
7
8
This is a classic case of parallelism, but with some twists. The confusion here usually comes from being unclear about which "verbs" should be verbs, and which should be "-ing" modifiers. (For more on "-ing" words and an explanation of why they're rarely verbs, check out our Topic of the Week: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... the%20week)

Let's start with the first underlined word: we have a choice between "broadens" and "broadening." "Broadens" is a verb, and it's parallel with "puts on an impressive bluff" in (A) and (B). "Broadening", on the other hand, is a modifier, giving us extra information about what happens when the snake puts on its bluff -- and that makes much, much more sense. So we can get rid of (A) and (B).

(C) strikes me as being unbelievably long and wordy, but so are all five answer choices. :) More usefully, the parallelism looks OK: "broadening and feigning" are parallel modifiers, both of which continue to describe the snake's "impressive bluff". The pronoun "it" is fine, too: because it's the subject of a new, dependent clause ("but it has no fangs..."), the subject unambiguously refers back to the subject of the first clause ("the hognose snake"). (If you want to read more about this type of pronoun issue, check out my post in this thread: https://gmatclub.com/forum/china-s-vast ... l#p1838737. We'll also address this in an upcoming Topic of the Week.)

(D) is easier to eliminate: the modifier "broadening" and the verb "feigns" are clearly not parallel.

(E) replaces the "and" before "feigning" with a comma, and that doesn't seem ideal: the sentence is clearer if the two modifiers are in a parallel structure, but I'm not sure that it's a huge problem. The bigger issue is that we don't have a new clause at the end of the underlined portion, because the "it" has been replaced by "with." That causes a problem down the line: at the end of the sentence, we don't have a subject for the verb phrase "will fall over and play dead." So (E) is gone, too.

We're left with (C). In real life, I think it's a wordy, crappy sentence. But that doesn't matter! It's free from egregious errors, so it's the correct answer in GMAT-land.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jun 2010
Posts: 270
Schools: Chicago Booth Class of 2013
Reviews Badge
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 15 Dec 2013, 11:00
7
15
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


The question has been discussed many times, but one point is unclear for me:
MGMAT instructor said that the meaning of the sentence clearly indicates that the forms of broaden and feign should be parallel to "hissing and rearing", since all of those things are actions that occur during the "impressive bluff". But why? How these 2 words define parallelism? For me, these 2 words should be paralleled to each other, without influencing other words, which have their own parallelism story... And it's way better to say broadens... So, for me structure in B is preferrable... Please anybody explain.


Thanks!

Originally posted by Financier on 03 Oct 2010, 07:17.
Last edited by pqhai on 15 Dec 2013, 11:00, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2009
Posts: 174
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jun 2009, 09:48
3
1
Clearly C.

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back,_____ eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

E is incorrect because Hissing, rearing, broadening the flesh and feigning repeated strikes are some of the visible features of the snake. After discussing this group of characteristics, the author moves on to fangs and venom. Since 'feigning repeated strikes' is the snakes last feature in this category, it is separated by 'and' from the rest.
_________________

"Always....Read between the lines"

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1118
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2010, 16:08
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

A broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, - not parallel with "hissing"

B broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, - not parallel with "hissing"

C broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and - correct

D broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and - not parallel with "hissing"

E broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and - missing "and" before feigning
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2010
Posts: 67
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Oct 2010, 07:42
6
Here is how I would break the structure of sentence to understand it more.
Code:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff,
                hissing and rearing back,
                broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does,
                feigning repeated strikes,
     but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
     eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.


as you can see now, second, third and fourth line explain or gives an example of how the snake puts an impressive buff. As you can see, it is the form, "A, B and C" where A, B and C needs to be in parallel, as well as, requires the word "and" before the third one.

now, remove these three lines, and focus on the "snake puts an impressive buff, but ..." here again, you need parallel structure to "snake puts", and it is "it has" (note has is a verb here, and not a helping verb such as "has completed")

I would select "C" for this.

hope this helps.
_________________

Some other posts by me...
My GMAT Journey
Timer Tool for Google spreadsheet
Quant Flash Cards/Pages

700 (Q:49 V:35) - Thanks GMATClub - Test Center experience

Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 181
Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2010, 11:11
10
2
"Puts on an impressive bluff" is the category or heading into which all of the other actions fall. As a result, all the subsequent verbs that fall into the category of describing the snake's bluff must be parallel. In other words: The snake puts on a bluff BY hissing, rearing, broadening, and feigning.

Another example would be:

I worked at the factory making widgets, getting paid minimum wage, and breathing dirty air.

Here, "making" "getting paid" and "breathing" are all examples of things that fall into the category "things that happened WHILE I was working at the factory." As a result, all three of these things must be parallel to each other, but not to the main verb "worked."

It would also be grammatically correct to say: "I worked at the factory, made widgets, got paid minimum wage, and breathed dirty air." The difference is that in this sentence there is no indication that the last three things occurred WHILE I worked at the factory. Instead, these could be four entirely separate activities that all occurred in sequence.

Does this help?
_________________


Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Nov 2012
Posts: 759
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2013, 02:14
The second part of the sentence is a complete clause so you need "and" so that rules out A and B.

Between C, D and E its parallelism ... C wins!
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 758
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2013, 03:21
fozzzy wrote:
The second part of the sentence is a complete clause so you need "and" so that rules out A and B.

Between C, D and E its parallelism ... C wins!


hi,

want to add more...
use of IT is necessary for the option to be correct.
because after BUT..a new independent clause needs a subject.

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Apr 2013
Posts: 127
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2013, 08:01
blueseas wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
The second part of the sentence is a complete clause so you need "and" so that rules out A and B.

Between C, D and E its parallelism ... C wins!


hi,

want to add more...
use of IT is necessary for the option to be correct.
because after BUT..a new independent clause needs a subject.

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and




Is "IT" refering to cobra or hognose snake? How can you tell?
_________________

Maadhu

MGMAT1 - 540 ( Trying to improve )

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1021
Location: United States
Premium Member
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2013, 10:35
2
1
maaadhu wrote:
blueseas wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
The second part of the sentence is a complete clause so you need "and" so that rules out A and B.

Between C, D and E its parallelism ... C wins!


hi,

want to add more...
use of IT is necessary for the option to be correct.
because after BUT..a new independent clause needs a subject.

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and




Is "IT" refering to cobra or hognose snake? How can you tell?


Hi maaadhu

The complete C is:

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and,[if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance,] will fall over and play dead.

I highlighted blue color the second part of the sentence to clarify pronoun "IT". The non-underlined part is "will fall over and play dead" <== "the hognose" cannot fall over and play dead, only the snake does.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2621
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2015, 12:22
3
1
souvik101990 wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.


I like your posts souvik :roll:

this sentence tests parallelism and sentence structure

we have the main clause:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff

followed by few ing modifiers.

right from the start we can eliminate A and B, because of the parallelism error. We should have broadening...

C. broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
i'm ok with this choice, but...shouldn't be there a comma before and?
when enumerating the list that has 3 or more entities, before the last entity of the list comma+and is needed, no?
but correctly introduces a new clause - IT is the subject, that correctly refers to the snake.
comma+and introduces another clause - which is perfectly fine here.

D. broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
parallelism error
clause introduced with "but" doesn't have a subject & verb

E. broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
list is not properly connected - and is needed before feigning
clause introduced with "but" doesn't have a subject & verb
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4273
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2015, 07:49
1
sauravleo123 wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.


The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

The sentence has the following issues -

1. Clause + Comma + Verb-ing ( broadening )
2. Presenting contrast with " But "
3. Parallelism ( hissing ...... feigning ....... having ) - Describes how the snake put on an impressive bluff.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, - Incorrect
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, - Incorrect

Ignore the common part " broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does " and look forward .......

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

1. It - Correctly refers to the snake
2. Correct Parallelism maintained ( hissing ...... feigning ....... having )

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and - Incorrect
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and - Incorrect

Hence IMHO (C)
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 572
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Aug 2016, 22:35
Financier wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


The question has been discussed many times, but one point is unclear for me:
MGMAT instructor said that the meaning of the sentence clearly indicates that the forms of broaden and feign should be parallel to "hissing and rearing", since all of those things are actions that occur during the "impressive bluff". But why? How these 2 words define parallelism? For me, these 2 words should be paralleled to each other, without influencing other words, which have their own parallelism story... And it's way better to say broadens... So, for me structure in B is preferrable... Please anybody explain.


Thanks!


Jozu wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


FIRST OF ALL THIS IS NOT A TEST OF PARALLELISM. FORGET ABOUT MAKING PHRASES OR CLAUSES PARALLEL. YOU CANNOT DO IT FROM ANY GIVEN OPTION. EITHER A,B,C,D,E.

This one is quite a funky one, Checking for parallelism is a forlorn exercise in this sentence.
The hognose snake PUTS on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, BROADENS the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, FEIGNS repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

Since hissing and rearing back is bound by commas on either side therefore it is used to provide extra information, it can be seen as a parenthetical term and can be ignored.
NOW If this was a test of parallelism then PUTS, BROADENS, FEIGNS have better parallelism.
BUT if hissing and rearing back are included then in that case PUTS, HISSING, BROADENING, FEIGNING cannot be parallel. (Correct option C uses these verb forms)
So PARALLELISM is NOT BEING TESTED in this sentence.

In this sentence knowledge of conjunctions and their rules is being tested.
Every option except option C is incorrect because they do not have a clear subject after the conjunction "but"

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
CORRECT:-Has a proper subject "it" in the second clause. "it" refers to the hognose snake

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause


THE CORRECT ANSWER IS C
_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 08 Feb 2016
Posts: 38
Premium Member
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2016, 05:15
Sentence structure
noun verb
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff,
    hissing and rearing back,
    broadens [1] the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does [2],
    feigning repeated strikes,
but [3] having[4] no dangerous fangs and no venom, [5]
eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

[1] broadens should be in parallel with hissing and feigning. Note: hissing is in the non-underlined portion
[2] parallel elements in a list should be connected properly (and is appropriate here)
[3] subject missing for independent clause starting with "but"
[4] having - present continuous tense is not required. "having" should be in simple present tense to match with "puts" and "is"
[5] clause starting with "eventually" should be connected properly

A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

Correct answer C

Thanks
_________________

Once you know the answer, it is easy to justify.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 260
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 4
WE: General Management (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2017, 10:34
GMATNinja wrote:
This is a classic case of parallelism, but with some twists. The confusion here usually comes from being unclear about which "verbs" should be verbs, and which should be "-ing" modifiers. (For more on "-ing" words and an explanation of why they're rarely verbs, check out our Topic of the Week: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... the%20week)

Let's start with the first underlined word: we have a choice between "broadens" and "broadening." "Broadens" is a verb, and it's parallel with "puts on an impressive bluff" in (A) and (B). "Broadening", on the other hand, is a modifier, giving us extra information about what happens when the snake puts on its bluff -- and that makes much, much more sense. So we can get rid of (A) and (B).

(C) strikes me as being unbelievably long and wordy, but so are all five answer choices. :) More usefully, the parallelism looks OK: "broadening and feigning" are parallel modifiers, both of which continue to describe the snake's "impressive bluff". The pronoun "it" is fine, too: because it's the subject of a new, dependent clause ("but it has no fangs..."), the subject unambiguously refers back to the subject of the first clause ("the hognose snake"). (If you want to read more about this type of pronoun issue, check out my post in this thread: https://gmatclub.com/forum/china-s-vast ... l#p1838737. We'll also address this in an upcoming Topic of the Week.)

(D) is easier to eliminate: the modifier "broadening" and the verb "feigns" are clearly not parallel.

(E) replaces the "and" before "feigning" with a comma, and that doesn't seem ideal: the sentence is clearer if the two modifiers are in a parallel structure, but I'm not sure that it's a huge problem. The bigger issue is that we don't have a new clause at the end of the underlined portion, because the "it" has been replaced by "with." That causes a problem down the line: at the end of the sentence, we don't have a subject for the verb phrase "will fall over and play dead." So (E) is gone, too.

We're left with (C). In real life, I think it's a wordy, crappy sentence. But that doesn't matter! It's free from egregious errors, so it's the correct answer in GMAT-land.


I understand everything that you have mentioned here but it would be great if you would throw some light on whether we need a Comma before and feigning because this is an end of a 3 item list..
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2767
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2017, 14:11
2
1
umg wrote:

I understand everything that you have mentioned here but it would be great if you would throw some light on whether we need a Comma before and feigning because this is an end of a 3 item list..



Hello umg,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the explanation, nonetheless. :-)

It is true that when a list in a sentence contains more than two parallel elements the last element is preceded by comma + connector.

However, we do not see the and before feigning... preceded by a comma. It is so because the sentence in anyway uses a lot of commas at various places for various reasons.

Omission of comma before and makes it absolutely clear that the it is hissing..., broadening..., and feigning... that are meant to be parallel in the sentence.


Just a word of caution here. Never reject or select any answer choice solely on the presence or absence of a punctuation mark. Reject an answer choice only after you have identified at least one solid/deterministic error.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 310
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2018, 11:36
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 8: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and

A and B: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff...broadens the flesh behind its head
Here, usage of broadens implies that the red action is DISTINCT from the blue action.
Not so.
The intention is for the red action to express HOW the blue action is performed.
Question: HOW does the snake put on a bluff?
Answer: It puts on a bluff by BROADENING the flesh behind its head.
For this meaning to be conveyed, the red action should be expressed as a VERBing modifier, as in the OA:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does.
Eliminate A and B.

D: hissing and rearing back, broadening...and feigns
Here, hissing, rearing and broadening are all modifiers, whereas feigns is a verb.
The result is a lack of parallelism.
Eliminate D.

The referent for a modifier must be crystal clear.
E: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes.
Here, it is unclear whether feigning serves to modify a cobra (implying that a COBRA is feigning) or to the hognose snake (implying that the HOGNOSE SNAKE is feigning).
Eliminate E.


_________________

GMAT and GRE Tutor
Over 1800 followers
Click here to learn more
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
New York, NY
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 11 May 2018
Posts: 92
Location: India
GMAT 1: 460 Q42 V14
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2018, 21:04
Hi GMATGuruNY,
Here In option E verbing modifier "feigning repeated strikes" is modifying the previous clause or the closest noun?

i thought verbing modifiers modify the noun only when comma is not present.
please clarify ...
_________________

If you want to Thank me Give me a KUDOS
"I’ve spent months preparing for the day I’d face you. I’ve come a long way, GMAT"- SonGoku

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 310
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jun 2018, 02:50
SonGoku wrote:
Hi GMATGuruNY,
Here In option E verbing modifier "feigning repeated strikes" is modifying the previous clause or the closest noun?

i thought verbing modifiers modify the noun only when comma is not present.
please clarify ...


Generally, COMMA + VERBing serves to modify the nearest preceding action and the agent of that action.
SC66 in the OG13: The Army Corps of Engineers proposed building a breakwater of rocks that would...act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves.
Here, COMMA + absorbing refers not to the Army Corps of Engineers (the main subject of the preceding clause) but to A BREAKWATERS OF ROCKS, the agent of the nearest preceding action (would act).
Conveyed meaning:
When a breakwater of rocks WOULD ACT as a buffer, it would at the same time be ABSORBING the energy of crashing waves.

E: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes.
Here, COMMA + feigning should refer to a cobra does -- the nearest preceding action and the agent of that action -- conveying that A COBRA is feigning repeated strikes.
But the meaning of the sentence suggests that COMMA + feigning is INTENDED to refer to the clause in blue, conveying that THE HOGNOSE SNAKE is feigning repeated strikes when it PUTS on an impressive bluff.
As a result, the referent for feigning becomes unclear.
Since it must be crystal clear what a modifier is modifying, eliminate E.
_________________

GMAT and GRE Tutor
Over 1800 followers
Click here to learn more
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
New York, NY
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac &nbs [#permalink] 09 Jun 2018, 02:50

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron
Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.