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The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac

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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Jun 2018, 10:58
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The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

In such issues involving list parallelism, the first task is to identify the various arms of the list and determine whether they are parallel in both structure and meaning.

In this case, the first main act is the hognose putting on an impressive bluff, a factor described by three examples such as 1.hisssisng and rearing 2. broadening and3. feigning. Then another IC starts with a comma and 'but'. In this light, let's now look at the choices

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,--- 'broadens' breaks the parallelism.

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, -- 'broadens' breaks the parallelism.

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and--- correct choice

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and -- and feigns breaks the parallelism.

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and -- The third arm of the list is not marked with an 'and' to mark the end of the series. In addition, the second part starting with a comma and but is not an IC. It lacks a subject
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Originally posted by daagh on 09 Jun 2018, 05:36.
Last edited by daagh on 09 Jun 2018, 10:58, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2018, 06:14
Hello Experts -

One question. Kindly help -

Is "eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead." as independent clause here??

Thanks,
Madhukar Amar
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 11:39
madhukaramar wrote:
Hello Experts -

One question. Kindly help -

Is "eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead." as independent clause here??

Thanks,
Madhukar Amar

An independent clause, by definition, can stand on its own as a complete sentence. In this case, the verb phrase, "will fall over and play dead" is an action performed by "the hognose snake," which is the subject mentioned earlier in the sentence. Because the above can't stand on its own, we know it isn't an independent clause.

Generally speaking, whenever we see the construction "IF + clause," we'll need an independent clause to follow in order to have a complete sentence. For example, "If Henry accidentally feeds his daughter to a bear, his wife will be angry." Here, "his wife will be angry" is an independent clause and can stand on its own. Notice that if we remove the subject from that clause, the sentence can no longer stand on its own: "If Henry accidentally feeds his daughter to a bear, will be angry."

I hope that helps!
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 01:02
LogicGuru1 wrote:
Financier wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowered by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
- broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


The question has been discussed many times, but one point is unclear for me:
MGMAT instructor said that the meaning of the sentence clearly indicates that the forms of broaden and feign should be parallel to "hissing and rearing", since all of those things are actions that occur during the "impressive bluff". But why? How these 2 words define parallelism? For me, these 2 words should be paralleled to each other, without influencing other words, which have their own parallelism story... And it's way better to say broadens... So, for me structure in B is preferrable... Please anybody explain.


Thanks!


Jozu wrote:
The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom,
(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and
(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and


FIRST OF ALL THIS IS NOT A TEST OF PARALLELISM. FORGET ABOUT MAKING PHRASES OR CLAUSES PARALLEL. YOU CANNOT DO IT FROM ANY GIVEN OPTION. EITHER A,B,C,D,E.

This one is quite a funky one, Checking for parallelism is a forlorn exercise in this sentence.
The hognose snake PUTS on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing back, BROADENS the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, FEIGNS repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.

Since hissing and rearing back is bound by commas on either side therefore it is used to provide extra information, it can be seen as a parenthetical term and can be ignored.
NOW If this was a test of parallelism then PUTS, BROADENS, FEIGNS have better parallelism.
BUT if hissing and rearing back are included then in that case PUTS, HISSING, BROADENING, FEIGNING cannot be parallel. (Correct option C uses these verb forms)
So PARALLELISM is NOT BEING TESTED in this sentence.

In this sentence knowledge of conjunctions and their rules is being tested.
Every option except option C is incorrect because they do not have a clear subject after the conjunction "but"

(A) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but, having no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(B) broadens the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(C) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigning repeated strikes, but it has no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
CORRECT:-Has a proper subject "it" in the second clause. "it" refers to the hognose snake

(D) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does and feigns repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause

(E) broadening the flesh behind its head the way a cobra does, feigning repeated strikes, but with no dangerous fangs and no venom, and eventually, if its pursuer is not cowed by the performance, will fall over and play dead.
WRONG:- subject missing.
after "but" there is no subject in the second clause


THE CORRECT ANSWER IS C



all in all LogicGuru1 your explanation the most reasonable to me, thank you! ;)
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2019, 01:18
this test no meaning and logic but structure. we come to the oa by judging structure of the sentence.
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 22:43
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Re: The hognose snake puts on an impressive bluff, hissing and rearing bac   [#permalink] 28 May 2020, 22:43

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