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The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 562
The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2007, 19:42
16
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The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequently considered a cure-all for urban problems. It is erroneously assumed that if new residents can be diverted from existing centers, the present urban situation at least will get no worse. It is further and equally erroneously assumed that since European New Towns have been financially and socially successful, we can expect the same sorts of results in the United States.

Present planning, thinking, and legislation will not produce the kinds of New Town that have been successful abroad. It will multiply suburbs or encourage developments in areas where land is cheap and construction profitable rather than where New Towns are genuinely needed.

Such ill-considered projects not only will fail to relieve pressures on existing cities but will, in fact, tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers, accordingly, will face increasing burdens, and industry and commerce will seek escape. Unfortunately, this mechanism is already at work in some metropolitan areas.

The promoters of New Towns so far in the United States have been developers, builders, and financial institutions. The main interest of these promoters is economic gain. Furthermore, federal regulations designed to promote the New Town idea do not consider social needs as the European New Town plans do. In fact, our regulations specify virtually all the ingredients of the typical suburban community, with a bit of political rhetoric thrown in.

A workable American New Town formula should be established as firmly here as the national formula was in Britain. All possible social and governmental innovations as well as financial factors should be thoroughly considered and accommodated in this policy. Its objectives should be clearly stated, and both incentives and penalties should be provided to ensure that the objectives are pursued. If such a policy is developed, then the New Town approach can play an important role in alleviating America’s urban problems.
1. The passage contains information that answers which of the following questions?
(A) Where did the idea of New Towns originate?
(B) How does Britain’s New Town formula differ from that of other European countries?
(C) What is the purpose of building New Towns?
(D) What incentives and penalties will be necessary to make a New Town formula workable?
(E) Why have European New Towns been financially successful?

2. The author believes that New Towns are not being built where they are genuinely needed because
(A) the government offers developers incentives to build in other areas
(B) the promoters of New Town are motivated chiefly by self-interest
(C) few people want to live in areas where land is still cheap
(D) no studies have been done to determine the best locations
(E) federal regulations make construction in those areas less profitable

3. According to the author, ill-considered New Towns will tend to weaken existing cities in which of the following ways?
I. They will cause an erosion in the tax base of existing cities.
II. The will divert residents from existing cities to other areas.
III. They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

4. According to the passage, as compared with American New Towns, European New Towns have been designed with greater concern for
(A) social needs
(B) financial factors
(C) urban congestion
(D) the profits of developers and builders
(E) the environment

5. The author’s tone in discussing “developers, builders, and financial institutions” (lines 25-26) can best be described as
(A) critical
(B) pedantic
(C) evasive
(D) captious
(E) vitriolic

6. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes
which of the following about suburbs?
(A) They are a panacea for urban problems.
(B) They will soon be plagued by the same problems that now plague cities.
(C) They are poor models for New Towns.
(D) They drive up property values in inner cities.
(E) They alleviate some, but not all, of America’s urban problems.

7. It can be inferred from the passage that the author considers the present American New Town formula to be
(A) thoroughly considered
(B) insufficiently innovative
(C) potentially workable
(D) overly restrictive
(E) financially sound

8. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
(A) arguing for a change in policy
(B) exploring the implications of novel idea
(C) comparing and contrasting two manifestations of the same phenomenon
(D) proposing a radically new solution to an old problem
(E) summarizing recent research on a topic

Director
Joined: 13 Nov 2003
Posts: 764
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04 Dec 2007, 03:05
Hi,
1-c
2-b
3-e
4-a
5-a
6-e
7-c
8-b
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 562

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04 Dec 2007, 03:58
Glad to see a few replies for an RC.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 478
Location: Indonesia

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04 Dec 2007, 04:47
2
Well, I am struggling on this section, would like to solve more of these.

Amar
Manager
Joined: 20 Jun 2007
Posts: 145

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04 Dec 2007, 05:21
2
C
B
C
A
A
C
B
A

I disagreed most with previous posts on 3, 6 and 7.

3. According to the author, ill-considered New Towns will tend to weaken existing cities in which of the following ways?
I. They will cause an erosion in the tax base of existing cities.
II. The will divert residents from existing cities to other areas.
III. They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

I don't think it can be E, simply because the number of low-income residents will not increase (rather the proportion of low to high income residents will increase)

6. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes
which of the following about suburbs?
(A) They are a panacea for urban problems.
(B) They will soon be plagued by the same problems that now plague cities.
(C) They are poor models for New Towns.
(D) They drive up property values in inner cities.
(E) They alleviate some, but not all, of America’s urban problems.

The little said about suburbs includes: "our regulations specify virtually all the ingredients of the typical suburban community" - so already the American New Town is based on suburbs, and it isn't working too well.

7. It can be inferred from the passage that the author considers the present American New Town formula to be
(A) thoroughly considered
(B) insufficiently innovative
(C) potentially workable
(D) overly restrictive
(E) financially sound

I think there are a few clues to this answer.

"A workable American New Town formula should be established" - so it's not thoroughly considered or workable.

I'd love to see the OAs.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 562

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04 Dec 2007, 08:42
Good job Raffie.
OAs :
C
B
A
A
A
C
B
A

For (3), I chose (C) but still wondering why it is wrong.

For (7), "A workable American New Town formula should be established.." probably means that the policy is 'potentially' workable though it is not workable at this point. I think (B) and (C) are pretty close. Again not sure. Any comments are appreciated.
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1037

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06 Dec 2007, 21:06
1
I thought 3 could be E.
Look at this period: Such ill-considered projects not only will fail to relieve pressures on existing cities but will, in fact, tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers......

It seems that the tax base will lower, that some residents will go away and that it will be a concentration of low income groups....so why is it A and not E?

Moreover, could someone explain me the eigth question? Please, more passages like this!!!
Director
Joined: 12 Jul 2007
Posts: 838

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06 Dec 2007, 21:23
2
marcodonzelli wrote:
I thought 3 could be E.
Look at this period: Such ill-considered projects not only will fail to relieve pressures on existing cities but will, in fact, tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers......

It seems that the tax base will lower, that some residents will go away and that it will be a concentration of low income groups....so why is it A and not E?

Moreover, could someone explain me the eigth question? Please, more passages like this!!!

#3 says that it will increase the NUMBER of low-income residents. The passage just says it will increase the CONCENTRATION of low-income residents because many high-income citizens will leave. This leaves a higher percentage of low-income left, but it's not causing more to move in.
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Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2409

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19 Dec 2007, 21:41
C
B
C
A
A
C
C
A

For 7 i was downt to B and C and just guessed. I can see why either could be correct here and i really am not gunna argue why C is incorrect.

However, question 3... I cannot see how this is A. It doesnt make any sense actually.

3. According to the author, ill-considered New Towns will tend to weaken existing cities in which of the following ways?
I. They will cause an erosion in the tax base of existing cities.
II. The will divert residents from existing cities to other areas.
III. They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

"tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers, accordingly, will face increasing burdens, and industry and commerce will seek escape. Unfortunately, this mechanism is already at work in some metropolitan areas. "

E is def incorrect, it just says the proportion of low income residents will increase not the actual amount of people. so III is out.

Now I and II, it states in the passage that people will be drawn away so why is II not correct????
Intern
Joined: 17 Apr 2012
Posts: 49
GMAT Date: 11-02-2012

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03 Oct 2012, 09:19
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
C
B
C
A
A
C
C
A

For 7 i was downt to B and C and just guessed. I can see why either could be correct here and i really am not gunna argue why C is incorrect.

However, question 3... I cannot see how this is A. It doesnt make any sense actually.

3. According to the author, ill-considered New Towns will tend to weaken existing cities in which of the following ways?
I. They will cause an erosion in the tax base of existing cities.
II. The will divert residents from existing cities to other areas.
III. They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

"tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers, accordingly, will face increasing burdens, and industry and commerce will seek escape. Unfortunately, this mechanism is already at work in some metropolitan areas. "

E is def incorrect, it just says the proportion of low income residents will increase not the actual amount of people. so III is out.

Now I and II, it states in the passage that people will be drawn away so why is II not correct????

As quoted by you above, author nowhere mentions that it will divert "residents" . It does mention " drawing away high income citizens" but these citizens are just a part of city residents"
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Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1696
Concentration: Finance
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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30 May 2014, 11:33
1
Insufficiently Innovative? Give me a break!!
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2012
Posts: 358
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 07:46
vivekdixit07 wrote:
GMATBLACKBELT wrote:
C
B
C
A
A
C
C
A

For 7 i was downt to B and C and just guessed. I can see why either could be correct here and i really am not gunna argue why C is incorrect.

However, question 3... I cannot see how this is A. It doesnt make any sense actually.

3. According to the author, ill-considered New Towns will tend to weaken existing cities in which of the following ways?
I. They will cause an erosion in the tax base of existing cities.
II. The will divert residents from existing cities to other areas.
III. They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I and II only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

"tend to weaken those cities further by drawing away high-income citizens and increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income. The remaining taxpayers, accordingly, will face increasing burdens, and industry and commerce will seek escape. Unfortunately, this mechanism is already at work in some metropolitan areas. "

E is def incorrect, it just says the proportion of low income residents will increase not the actual amount of people. so III is out.

Now I and II, it states in the passage that people will be drawn away so why is II not correct????

As quoted by you above, author nowhere mentions that it will divert "residents" . It does mention " drawing away high income citizens" but these citizens are just a part of city residents"

So what's the difference between residents and citizens?
Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2014
Posts: 149
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2015, 07:38
How can it be A for question 8.
Change of policy is only sated in last para.
For rest of the para,only implications are stated.
Intern
Joined: 11 Jun 2013
Posts: 28
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GPA: 3
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2015, 07:01
ssriva2 :

In whole of the passage the author is criticizing the town planning and giving various counts on which it is flawed...finally in the last para his tone changes and he suggests that it can only be better if there is a change in policy.... so his conclusion itself is the main point of his argument
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Posts: 29
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V28
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Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2015, 11:25
1
I didn't know all the adjectives except critical for the question 5, and luckily it was the answer
Intern
Joined: 25 May 2014
Posts: 36
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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04 May 2015, 10:30
would someone explain why in Q3, stmt 2 is not considered in the answer ?
Intern
Joined: 13 Mar 2014
Posts: 3
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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20 May 2015, 03:22
1
would someone explain why in Q3, stmt 2 is not considered in the answer ?

Because if new towns were able to divert the residents from existing ones then the problem would have been solved.
"Such ill-considered projects not only will fail to relieve pressures on existing cities but will, in fact, tend to weaken those cities further"

Regards,
Appy
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GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 07 Sep 2016, 04:35
1
jlgdr wrote:
Insufficiently Innovative? Give me a break!!

Makes perfect sense
FROM THE PASSAGE :- "Federal regulations designed to promote the New Town idea do not consider social needs as the European New Town plans do. In fact, our regulations specify virtually all the ingredients of the typical suburban community, with a bit of political rhetoric thrown in."

Essentially just a overrated suburb and not with an ounce of originality in, social concern or actual urban problem. American policymaker just take a suburban model, add some stupid political agenda and political speech about society and blah blah to it to it and then assumed/pretended that they created a new town.
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Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
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Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 24 Jun 2016, 01:43.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 07 Sep 2016, 04:35, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2016, 07:06
1
All the time i am making mistakes on Tone questions.

These words are so confusing.

can someone guide me in right direction to improve it ???
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Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2016, 02:02
In Q3. third option says- "They will increase the number of low-income residents in existing cities" while the passage reads- "increasing the concentration of low-income groups that are unable to provide tax income". Is the difference arising from the meaning, that is number of low income groups increasing means low income group people start settling in existing cities and concentration of low income groups increasing means since high income groups shift to 'new towns' the %age of low income groups w.r.t. total population increase, the reason why this option is out?
Re: The idea of building “New Towns” to absorb growth is frequen   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2016, 02:02

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