GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 25 Sep 2018, 04:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2013
Posts: 58
The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Nov 2017, 02:33
4
10
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (02:02) correct 25% (02:08) wrong based on 660 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers, and retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items. Thus, if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the author’s conclusion about the cost of retail goods to consumers?

A: The government has recently offered some subsidies to retail establishments to facilitate newspaper and radio advertisements.
B: It is highly unlikely that the government would subsidize the distribution of fliers by retail establishments.
C: Retail establishments that distribute fliers usually offer goods of a quality comparable to those of retail establishments that do not distribute fliers.
D: The majority of retail establishments that distribute fliers would continue to do so even without government subsidies.
E: Most retail establishments do not lower their price for particular items when they begin to distribute fliers in which those items are listed

Originally posted by riskietech on 06 Mar 2014, 01:27.
Last edited by Mahmud6 on 29 Nov 2017, 02:33, edited 2 times in total.
Edited
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2011
Posts: 205
GPA: 3.46
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Premium Member
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2014, 04:54
IMO E

Our conclusion: if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

We need to weaken this causal relation here. One of the ways: cause happened but effect not followed. This is what option E says

Cause: the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments. Ideally this should follow up with Effect- more retail establishments will distribute fliers and retail establishments will decrease the cost of items for customers that are listed in the fliers.

But effect doesn't happen even when cause occurred and that's what option E says:
Most retail establishments do not lower their price for particular items when they begin to distribute fliers in which those items are listed
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 30 Jan 2017
Posts: 85
Location: India
Schools: ISB '19
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 660 Q47 V34
GMAT 3: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.9
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2017, 23:21
The argument says, " retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers". Option E clearly undermines this fact by saying that the establishments will not lower prices of the listed items. Hence, I eliminated Option E because it goes against the premise.

Also, I don't understand why Option B is not the answer. The conclusion of the argument says if the govt. subsidizes, then the cost decreases. According to Option B, if the govt. does not subsidize, then the cost will not decrease. Hence, it weakens the conclusion.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 30 Jan 2017
Posts: 85
Location: India
Schools: ISB '19
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 660 Q47 V34
GMAT 3: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.9
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2017, 23:23
The argument says, " retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers". Option E clearly undermines this fact by saying that the establishments will not lower prices of the listed items. Hence, I eliminated Option E because it goes against the premise.

Also, I don't understand why Option B is not the answer. The conclusion of the argument says if the govt. subsidizes, then the cost decreases. According to Option B, if the govt. does not subsidize, then the cost will not decrease. Hence, it weakens the conclusion.
SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1783
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Sep 2017, 19:50
A,B,C are out
D gives out a different plan => out
E is correct even though I do not understand the idea.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Status: GMAT in August 2018
Joined: 05 Mar 2018
Posts: 46
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
WE: Law (Consulting)
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2018, 00:36
Hi, in this question, does option 'E' not go against the grain of the question stem, which assumed that "retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items in the fliers...".
Thanks a lot!
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 174
CAT Tests
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2018, 02:09
riskietech wrote:
The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers, and retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items. Thus, if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the author’s conclusion about the cost of retail goods to consumers?

A: The government has recently offered some subsidies to retail establishments to facilitate newspaper and radio advertisements.
B: It is highly unlikely that the government would subsidize the distribution of fliers by retail establishments.
C: Retail establishments that distribute fliers usually offer goods of a quality comparable to those of retail establishments that do not distribute fliers.
D: The majority of retail establishments that distribute fliers would continue to do so even without government subsidies.
E: Most retail establishments do not lower their price for particular items when they begin to distribute fliers in which those items are listed



Why option D is not correct??
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1302
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2018, 23:51
jackspire

D just tells us that we don't need subsidies to have our *current* situation. But the author is saying that if we had subsidies, *more* people would distribute fliers. The thinking is that this would drive down prices. We need to know whether a change (more fliers, more ads) would lead to lower prices, not whether subsidies are needed to maintain the status quo.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1302
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2018, 23:53
By the way, this is simply a rewrite of an official question. Might as well study from the real thing: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-fewer-re ... 33526.html
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Feb 2018
Posts: 375
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2018, 00:41
jayantbakshi wrote:
Hi, in this question, does option 'E' not go against the grain of the question stem, which assumed that "retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items in the fliers...".
Thanks a lot!
Option E includes modifier words like "most" and "particular", leaving the probability that some retail establishments do lower the prices for the retail goods mentioned in the fliers. The argument does not say most or some. Thus, E is not violating the premises.

Regards

Sent from my Lenovo K53a48 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1302
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2018, 01:40
jayantbakshi SonalSinha803 The trick with E is not just that it says "most." It has to do with whether advertising really does affect prices. We know for a fact that retailers charge less for things that they put in fliers than other (non-advertising) retailers charge for those items. But do they actually REDUCE their prices, or do they perhaps put out the fliers to advertise their already-low prices? In other words, do fliers cause low prices, or do low prices cause fliers? This kind of causal reasoning is extremely common in CR, so it's important to recognize opportunities to use it!

For an extreme example, think of basketball players. Basketball players are generally taller than other athletes of similar age and skill. But it's certainly also true that playing basketball does not generally make one taller. So we can't conclude that a government plan to encourage the playing of basketball would make the population taller.

That argument may seem very silly, but structurally, it's quite similar to the original, in that the author is using a correlation (fliers, low prices) to conclude something about causation (fliers CAUSE low prices).
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jun 2018, 01:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail e

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.