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# The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos

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The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 07:56
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The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Sep 2017, 00:06
broall wrote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to
develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers. [There is no comparison between scientists and engineers in the passage]

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success. [There is no evidence provided in the passage that Japan is the best, however there is definitely a hint about Japan being the model]

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor. [The passage mentions about training for as many people as possible, so narrow base of highly skilled labor can not be basis of success]

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies. [The first line of the passage suggest that people need to be trained to apply new technologies, hence if Europe wants to be more successful and it need to train more people in new technology]

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries. [There is no comparison of success of European economies with that of most countries in the world]

Answer is D.
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Originally posted by GMATisLovE on 22 Sep 2017, 12:35.
Last edited by GMATisLovE on 23 Sep 2017, 00:06, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 13:17
A- no comparison of scientists to engineers. Wrong
C- More no. of skilled ppl,better the economy.so narrow base is wrong
D- Passage says nation needs to train ppl in skills required to develop new technology. Not to train people in new technology.Wrong
E-Nowhere mentioned in passage.Wrong.
B-correct by POE.
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 20:07
Jabjagotabhisavera wrote:
broall wrote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to
develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers. [There is no comparison between scientists and engineers in the passage]

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success. [There is no evidence provided in the passage that Japan is the best, however there is definitely a hint about Japan being the model]

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor. [The passage mentions about training for as many people as possible, so narrow base of highly skilled labor can not be basis of success]

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies. [The first line of the passage suggest that people need to be trained to apply new technologies, hence if Europe wants to be more successful and it need to train more people in new technology]

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries. [There is no comparison of success of European economies with that of most countries in the world]

Answer is D.

I am not convinced behind your reasoning for eliminating Option B.
Passage says :
"The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort."
We can infer that Japan is a successful economy because it is a model for the sort of training mentioned.

Now, the passage points out the limitations even in Japan's economy. Hence, we can infer that Japan is NOT the best standard for successful economy.
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2017, 18:47
1
fmik7894 wrote:
Jabjagotabhisavera wrote:
broall wrote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to
develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers. [There is no comparison between scientists and engineers in the passage]

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success. [There is no evidence provided in the passage that Japan is the best, however there is definitely a hint about Japan being the model]

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor. [The passage mentions about training for as many people as possible, so narrow base of highly skilled labor can not be basis of success]

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies. [The first line of the passage suggest that people need to be trained to apply new technologies, hence if Europe wants to be more successful and it need to train more people in new technology]

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries. [There is no comparison of success of European economies with that of most countries in the world]

Answer is D.

I am not convinced behind your reasoning for eliminating Option B.
Passage says :
"The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort."
We can infer that Japan is a successful economy because it is a model for the sort of training mentioned.

Now, the passage points out the limitations even in Japan's economy. Hence, we can infer that Japan is NOT the best standard for successful economy.

hi

apart from strong language, choice B is exaggerated. The issue is not with measuring economic success against any country but with defining successful economies

hope this helps
thanks

cheers through the kudos button if this helps
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2017, 02:45
1
broall wrote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to
develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

we can read the stimulus as saying that if you're one of the "most" successful economies, then you are training as many people as possible in these technologies. Since it then says that Europe isn't training enough people, we can say that Europe is not one of the "most" successful economies. So we can infer that to become one of the "most" successful, it would have to train more people.

How can we say this is necessary for Europe to be "more" successful? I agree, we can't really infer this, but this answer stinks way less than the other four:

(A) is totally out, it never compares engineers vs. researchers.

(B) is out because all we know is that Japan is a model for this kind of training, so if anything it is a good comparison.

(C) is incorrect because the stimulus never says whether Japan's economy is actually successful.

(E) is totally out of scope; we have no clue how Europe stacks up to the competition.

So (D) is the best of the bunch.
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2018, 18:17
broall wrote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to
develop, and to apply new technology. Japan is a model for this sort of training effort. Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology. However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor.

(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Source: LSAT

1. Successful economies are those that train as many people as possible to research, to develop, and to apply new technology.
2. Japan is a model for this sort of training.

Hence this inference - Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success - is incorrect. Also note, the passage compares the shortage of technically qualified people and people performing menial tasks. So there is no real comparison between Japan and Europe.
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Re: The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2018, 20:26
GMATNinja generis VeritasKarishma Harshgmat GMATGuruNY ammuseeru nightblade354

Can you please help me with the understanding of below passage.
I am refraining usage of argument since, in an inference question, there is no argument/ conclusion.

Quote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to develop, and to apply new technology.

As in the trend continues from past, so in future, the contributors to successful economies will be
the firms who train people
• to research,
• to develop, and
• to apply new technology

Quote:
Japan is a model for this sort of training effort.

For e.g. Japan is one such company following the above protocol.
Let me know if I can infer Japan is a successful economy at this stage.

Quote:
Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology.

When one compares Europe with Japan, there are two limitations in Europe:
• there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies,
• there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology

Quote:
However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

The sentence starts with a contrast. It says: Just as in Europe, Japan too has shortage of technically qualified people
and too many workers qualified to perform only advanced tasks.
I think I can safely infer Japan in the successful economy at this stage, else what is the contrast?

Quote:
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

What MUST BE TRUE from the statements above?

Quote:
(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

Nope, no part of the passage helps me to infer this. I am too much broadening my scope to entire world areas
to infer this. Out

Quote:
(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

Maybe, maybe not: Japan is the best country to have as a benchmark.

Quote:
(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labour.

Yes, the passage says: Japan has a huge pool of unskilled labour and I inferred that Japan is a successful economy.
I connected the dots and selected this.

Quote:
(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

Who are these new people? Do they have to be scientists or engineers? Don't know, out.

Quote:
(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Completely opposite. Japan has a successful economy than other European countries. Out.
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The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 02:37
1
adkikani wrote:

Can you please help me with the understanding of below passage.

Let me try

Dear @adkikani

While going thorough the argument stimulus at once place instead of taking right turn you have taken left turn...once we reach that junction and analyse I hope We will reach the desired destination quickly.

I am refraining usage of argument since, in an inference question, there is no argument/ conclusion.

Quote:
The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, those that train as many people as possible in the human skills required to research, to develop, and to apply new technology.

As in the trend continues from past, so in future, the contributors to successful economies will be
the firms who train people
• to research,
• to develop, and
• to apply new technology

Quote:
Japan is a model for this sort of training effort.

For e.g. Japan is one such company following the above protocol.
Let me know if I can infer Japan is a successful economy at this stage. - No

By now we only know that Japan is the model for earlier explained training effort.

Quote:
Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies, and there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology.

When one compares Europe with Japan, there are two limitations in Europe:
• there is a shortage of skilled labor trained to use the new technologies,
• there are not enough scientists able to develop and apply the technology

Quote:
However, even in Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people, and, like most European countries, Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks.

The sentence starts with a contrast. - correct

It says: Just as in Europe, Japan too has shortage of technically qualified people - Correct upto this point

and too many workers qualified to perform only advanced tasks.

This is the junction where instead of right left turn happened. Stimulus states " Japan has far too many workers qualified to perform only menial tasks"

menial - unskilled (not the advanced -tasks)

I think I can safely infer Japan in the successful economy at this stage, else what is the contrast?

- No. Stimulus does not state or even suggest till here that Japan is successful economy.

Only we know that Japan has model for training effort. This model of training effort can train the people in researching, developing , and application of new technology.

This kind of skilled/trained people are essential for successful economy.

Quote:
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?

What MUST BE TRUE from the statements above?

Quote:
(A) There is a greater worldwide shortage of research scientists than there is of engineers.

Nope, no part of the passage helps me to infer this. I am too much broadening my scope to entire world areas
to infer this. Out

No comparison between scientists and engineers in the stimulus

Quote:
(B) Japan is not the best country against which to measure a country’s economic success.

Maybe, maybe not: Japan is the best country to have as a benchmark.

Japan is model of training effort but is it a successful economy? We can not be sure of that.

Also we don't have anything in the stimulus that suggests otherwise..i.e. Japan's economy has some issue and so not the best country...Some other country better...

So we can not infer what is stated in choice B from the given stimulus.

Quote:
(C) Japan’s successful economy depends upon an uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labour.

Yes, the passage says: Japan has a huge pool of unskilled labour and I inferred that Japan is a successful economy.
I connected the dots and selected this.

1 ) Japan’s successful economy -Are you sure of this? (Reasons above)

2) uncommonly narrow base of highly skilled labor - Stimulus states - "Japan there is a shortage of technically qualified people"

Shortage --Does it translate to uncommonly narrow??

May be required percentage of skilled workforce is 40 % of total workforce for economy to be successful. If Japan has say only 33 % skilled workforce as against the required 40 %.

I can call there is shortage of technically qualified people..... uncommonly narrow??

Quote:
(D) To be economically more successful, Europe needs to train more people in the new technologies.

Who are these new people? Do they have to be scientists or engineers? Don't know, out.

As per stimulus - Europe as a whole is in a weaker position: there is a shortage of skilled labor

So we can infer that Europe need more trained people to be a successful economy.

Quote:
(E) European countries have economies that are more successful than those of most other countries.

Completely opposite. Japan has a successful economy than other European countries. Out.

Hope this helps!!
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The most successful economies have been, and will continue to be, thos   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2018, 02:37
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