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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown

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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

a. Studies had shown that an increase in city’s place force does not necessarily reduce crime
b. When one major city increased its police force by 19% last year, there were 40% more arrests and 13% more convictions
c. If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year
d. In most US cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms
e. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime

Originally posted by ttwang56 on 07 Sep 2008, 07:53.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 11 Nov 2017, 04:44, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2008, 08:03
ttwang56 wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate. Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
a. Studies had shown that an increase in city’s place force does not necessarily reduce crime
b. When one major city increased its police force by 19% last year, there were 40% more arrests and 13% more convictions
c. If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year
d. In most US cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms
e. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime


IMO E)

If crime will be less then number of convictions/arrests will be less as well
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2008, 15:43
doesn't that support the argument though?
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2008, 20:55
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ttwang56 wrote:
doesn't that support the argument though?



Nope ... Its is weakening the argument here the flow:

More police --> Less Crime --> less arrests --> Less employes in court and prison to process the caseload of arrests. hence the proposal is not bad et all.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2011, 22:25
170. The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.
Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2011, 22:38
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The answer is (E).

(A): If crime is not reduced, it will add to arrests, convictions, and prison terms - this strengthens the conclusion. Incorrect.
(B): There is no relation between what happenned in another city and what will happen in this one. Incorrect.
(C): No relation to arrests, convictions, and prison terms. Incorrect.
(D): Even if some arrests result in prison terms, convictions etc, this still increases the workload for additional court and prison employees.
(E): CORRECT. If the increase in police officers has a deterrent effect on crime, then crime will actually go down => additional court and prison employees are not needed because the workload of prison and court employees actually goes down.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2011, 06:10
Agree that the answer is E . Gyanone already explained the reasons .
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2011, 12:00
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E is Right. If crime is reduced, salaries for addition court and prison employees are not needed, so the decision to hire new officers is not really foolish.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2012, 13:46
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate. Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
a. Studies had shown that an increase in city’s place force does not necessarily reduce crime
b. When one major city increased its police force by 19% last year, there were 40% more arrests and 13% more convictions
c. If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year
d. In most US cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms
e. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime

can anybody explain option A. I cannot ruled out this option
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2012, 13:59
a. Studies had shown that an increase in city’s place force does not necessarily reduce crime
This seems to strengthen the case that hiring additional police officers is foolish but for a different reason
b. When one major city increased its police force by 19% last year, there were 40% more arrests and 13% more convictions
The case of one city is irrelevant

c. If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year

Not relevant to the conclusion

d. In most US cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms
I had thought this was best - however you could make the argument that it is not explicitly stated that Middletown is a US city

e. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime
This is making the case that hiring the officers is foolish for a different reason than stated


Would be interested in hearing other peoples ideas on this:

For me the conclusion is: Hiring 10 policemen is foolish because the city cannot afford to hire the support staff to process additional arrests that hiring the addl policemen would be making.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2012, 11:40
IMO D,

Premise:
1.Sufficient salary to pay for New Officers only.
2. New officers generate more arrests & convictions.
2.No salary to pay additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions.

Conclusion:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish.

Weaken:
In most US cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

Am i missing something?? not sure why OA is E.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2012, 08:42
for sure D is not the answer as the argument never told that Middletown is in united states may be it is in India or Germany. we dont know. can anybody explain option A.

I did not understand the AbeinOhio reasoning for A. what is the different reason. Can you explain little bit clearly
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2012, 09:19
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish I believe this is the key conclusion


Studies had shown that an increase in city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime - this is actually strengthening the conclusion - i say for a different reason - because the supporting reason provided in the argument is that they are unable to hire the needed support staff...
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2012, 22:58
TomB wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate. Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
a. Studies had shown that an increase in city’s place force does not necessarily reduce crime
e. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime

can anybody explain option A. I cannot ruled out this option


Choice A strengthen the argument instead of weakening the argument because it states that increase police force will not reduce crime, so not effective. This proposal is foolish.

In other hand. choice E states that the proposal will enable the crime status to be better. This choice the best answer.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2012, 16:14
I got it, thanks. need to focus on conlcusion
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2012, 00:21
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.
Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?
(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2012, 03:42
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Jul 2013, 07:05
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

Originally posted by nikhil.jones.s on 10 Jul 2013, 04:24.
Last edited by Narenn on 10 Jul 2013, 07:05, edited 1 time in total.
Merging Similar Topics.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2013, 12:19
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nikhil.jones.s wrote:
The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.


ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers,
Fact: But not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate
Conclusion: Middletown should not hire more police officers.

In weaken questions, you will see "qualified conclusions" very often. What is "qualified conclusion"?. A qualified conclusion is a conclusion that will happen in a particular condition. To weaken this conclusion, just show that particular condition will not happen, or does not exist ==> The conclusion fails.

Apply to this question. The conclusion is based on the assumption: the more police officers, the more convictions. If you can show this assumption is weak --> More police officers, NOT more convictions. ==> The conclusion will be weaken.

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.
Wrong. It strengthen a conclusion --> wrong.

(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.
Wrong. It strengthen a conclusion --> wrong.

(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about "other services".

(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.
Wrong. SHELL GAME.
(1) "In most U.S cities" does not mean "in Middletown". There is a possibility that "more police officers, more convictions in Middletown" --> D is wrong.
(2) Always aware of "extreme" words in GMAT such as: Most, Every, All, Always, Never, etc. Because the logic of GMAT is "nothing is the 100% correct, you should pick the best answer among all options". "Best" differs from "100% correct".

(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.
Correct. E shows that more police officers, NO more convictions ==> the city does not have to pay more for courts and prison employees.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2013, 01:51
you have to read D very carefully to be able to eliminate it. E is the right answer.
Re: The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 01:51

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