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The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea

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The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 00:35
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last year. The fault lies entirely in our court system: Recently our judges' sentences have been so lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison term.

The argument above would be weakened if it were true that

(A) 85 percent of the other states in the nation have lower crime rates than does this state
(B) white collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25 percent in the last year
(C) 35 percent of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year due to budget cuts
(D) polls show that 65 percent of the population in this state oppose capital punishment
(E) the state has hired 25 new judges in the last year to compensate for deaths and retirements
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 02:55
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The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last year. The fault lies entirely in our court system: Recently our judges' sentences have been so lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison term.

The argument above would be weakened if it were true that
Conclusion of this Argument is "Crime rate is increasing because our Court system is faulty" i.e. it's a typical Cause Effect relationship. In order to weaken a cause effect relationship we need to show that something else is responsible for increasing crime rate.
(A) 85 percent of the other states in the nation have lower crime rates than does this state -We are not concerned about other states: moreover, this option does not reveal any info about the leniency of Judges in other states. Incorrect.
(B) white collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25 percent in the last year - So what. We are only concerned with the cause of violent crimes rather than the breakup of those crimes. Incorrect.
(C) 35 percent of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year due to budget cuts - Bingo. Gives another cause for the stated effect. CORRECT
(D) polls show that 65 percent of the population in this state oppose capital punishment- It given that Judges are lenient but we can not assume that judges will not be lenient if they give capital punishment. Moreover we are not interested why Judges are lenient because we are not trying to find the assumption here. Incorrect.
(E) the state has hired 25 new judges in the last year to compensate for deaths and retirements- OFS

Hope this helps.
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2013, 05:07
soniedarshan wrote:
The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last year. The fault
lies entirely in our court system: Recently our judges' sentences have been so
lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison
term.

The argument above would be weakened if it were true that

(A) 85 percent of the other states in the nation have lower crime rates than
does this state
(B) white collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25 percent in
the last year
(C) 35 percent of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year
due to budget cuts
(D) polls show that 65 percent of the population in this state oppose capital
punishment
(E) the state has hired 25 new judges in the last year to compensate for
deaths and retirements


C for sure.

None of the other choices talk about why there might be another reason due to which the crime has increased.
Option C says that the police have been laid of, which can be a possible reason for the increase in crime rates, hence the answer
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 16:47
soniedarshan wrote:
The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last year. The fault
lies entirely in our court system: Recently our judges' sentences have been so
lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison
term
.

The argument above would be weakened if it were true that

(A) 85 percent of the other states in the nation have lower crime rates than
does this state
(B) white collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25 percent in
the last year
(C) 35 percent of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year
due to budget cuts
(D) polls show that 65 percent of the population in this state oppose capital
punishment
(E) the state has hired 25 new judges in the last year to compensate for
deaths and retirements


The Fact is in Bold and the Claim is underlined. If you can give another claim for the fact than it weakens the original claim. C says crime is increasing because if less police force. Hence C.
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2013, 05:15
IMO C
Gives a alternate cause for why the crime is rising and thus weakens the conclusion that says the punishment is lenient.
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 04:41
D is wrong because of "fear long-term prison"
C is correct
C is out of scope
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2019, 03:52
soniedarshan wrote:
The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last year. The fault lies entirely in our court system: Recently our judges' sentences have been so lenient that criminals can now do almost anything without fear of a long prison term.

The argument above would be weakened if it were true that

(A) 85 percent of the other states in the nation have lower crime rates than does this state
(B) white collar crime in this state has also increased by over 25 percent in the last year
(C) 35 percent of the police in this state have been laid off in the last year due to budget cuts
(D) polls show that 65 percent of the population in this state oppose capital punishment
(E) the state has hired 25 new judges in the last year to compensate for deaths and retirements


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



C

If we can show that something besides the court system may explain the increase in crime (if we can show a different cause for the same effect) we would weaken the argument. The author, after all, assumes that there is no other cause (a common GMAT assumption). Tackle the choices, looking for another cause besides the allegedly lenient court sentences.

(A) is a classic faulty comparison. The argument does not compare one state to another. The argument's scope is the crime rate increase in this state only. In (B), the fact that white-collar crime is also on the rise is more of a strengthener than a weakener-maybe it is the leniency in the courtroom that is responsible for an overall crime surge. (C) presents an alternative explanation for the increase in crime. Maybe it is not the judges at all but the fact that there are fewer cops on the street. As for (D), what if 65% of people in the state oppose capital punishment? What if 100% of people in this state oppose capital punishment? This provides little insight into why crime has gone up since last year. (E) tells us that numerous judges have been replaced in the last year. It is possible that the new judges are more lenient, but this would only strengthen the author's conclusion.
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Re: The rate of violent crime in this state is up 30 percent from last yea   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2019, 03:52
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