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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market

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Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1186
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
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Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 23:06
1
Imo B
Conveys meaning in few words

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Re: The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 10:55
Cannot understand why E is wrong. Plz explain..
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The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2018, 11:35
foolbox wrote:
The reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market were much the same as that behind last week's rally: a surge in the economy to a 5.6% annual growth rate and improved corporate earnings balanced by the lack of signs of inflationary pressure.
A. that
B. those
C. what was
D. for that
E. they wre



sayantanc2k wrote:
AnotherGmater wrote:
While comparing using "As", don't we need a clause followed by "as"? Here, according to OA, it doesn't seem like a clause preceded with "As".

Can you please help me understand whether there is a gap in my understanding of the concept as a whole or of the problem at hand?


You seem to be confused between two different usages of "as".

For comparing, "as" can be used either as a conjunction or as a preposition.

"As" as a conjunction: In this case the comparison is made between two clauses.
I am sick as you are.

"As" as a preposition: In this case two nouns are compared (generally in the idiomatic form X same as Y)
The reasons that.... are same as those.... option B - "reasons" compared with "those" ("reasons").


egmat GMATNinja
VeritasKarishma

Could some expert please explain why B is correct even though it's missing a clause after "as"? I believe that "as" is always followed by a clause when we're doing a comparison, as mentioned in egmat 's article (https://gmatclub.com/forum/as-vs-like-c ... 33950.html). B just has a noun (i.e. those) and doesn't have a verb. I believe that when AS is used for comparison, verb is not allowed to be omitted (i.e. ellipsis), so AS should always be followed by a Noun + Verb. Is that correct?

From sayantanc2k 's post, I see that there's an idiom usage here: "X same as Y". I believe we're allowed ellipsis in Y only for that idiom but we can't have ellipsis whenever "as" is being used for comparison in other cases?


pqhai wrote:
B. those
Correct. The reasons || those ("those" refers to "the reasons")

E. they were
Wrong.
- Pronoun problem: if you use "they", you repeat the same subject "the reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market" <== That's wrong, because "the reasons for X" and "the reasons behind Y" are different. (You only use "they" if you repeat the same subject)
- Parallelism problem: "The reasons for X" and "they were" are not parallel. Technically, the noun phrases before and after "were much the same" - comparative phrase - must parallel.

Hope it helps.


When we use pronouns, do they refer to just the noun or "noun+noun modifier" if the noun is followed by a modifier? For example, in E, would "they" be referring to "reasons" or "reasons for yesterday's sharp rise in the stock market"?

I know we use "those" for a new copy. Since the original sentence says "much the same", would the usage of "they" (i.e. used to refer to same copy) be incorrect?

Thanks!
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