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The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region

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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 04:36
Prashant10692 wrote:
What is function of That in D? Could anyone explain the context.


Check this post on conjunctions: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/0 ... -the-gmat/

Also, a that-clause can function as a subject, object, complement, or appositive in a declarative sentence.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 07:50
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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Prashant10692 wrote:
What is function of That in D? Could anyone explain the context.


Check this post on conjunctions: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/0 ... -the-gmat/

Also, a that-clause can function as a subject, object, complement, or appositive in a declarative sentence.

In D, is usage of “that” to introduce a clause is using it as “subordinating conjunction”?


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New post 08 Nov 2017, 14:45
sevenplusplus wrote:

Hi Shraddha
I felt that this usage of "that" with "there was" was awkward and therefore did not pick option D. I thought that only FANBOYS can connect two clauses.
Would you be able to share some examples, other OG questions where "that" is used to connect two clauses?

Thanks in advance.





Hello sevenplusplus,

Thank you for the query. :-)

Usage of the subordination conjunction that to connect two clauses is very common across the GMAT SC.

Following are just a few examples:

OG 16#9: In a review of 2,000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940s, two Swiss psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.


OG 16#10 : A long-term study of some 1,000 physicians indicates that the more coffee these doctors drank, the greater was their likelihood of having coronary disease.


OG 16#32: The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 14:47
sevenplusplus wrote:
In D, is usage of “that” to introduce a clause is using it as “subordinating conjunction”?


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Hello sevenplusplus,


I will be glad to respond to this one. :-)


Yes indeed. That's exactly the function of that in Choice D.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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New post 19 Mar 2018, 00:47
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma sayantanc2k

Is there any better way to reach OA here than to know idioms?
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New post 19 Mar 2018, 05:36
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma sayantanc2k

Is there any better way to reach OA here than to know idioms?


Don't think of it as "knowing or not knowing idioms". It is about the meaning of the words "as" and "by".
"as" equates for example "as happy as", "as good as"...
"by" indicates an agency of getting something done... So you can "explain by ..."

I would understand if the idiom tested were say, "to and fro" vs say, "to and back". We use "to and fro" though fro means back. Nowadays, pure idiom testing is usually a smokescreen in GMAT.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 09:59
daagh

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sayantanc2k

Why do we eliminate options B and E, as per my understanding we eliminate A and C because of "explained as" because "AS" equates things.

Quote:
"The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.
(A)  The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
(B)  Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
(C)  That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
(D)  One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
(E)  Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being "
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 10:58
HimanshuWadhwa wrote:
Why do we eliminate options B and E, as per my understanding we eliminate A and C because of "explained as" because "AS" equates things.


Hey HimanshuWadhwa ,

I am happy to help :)

You need to understand the construction of the sentences and make sure that sentences are well structured.

Now, let's talk about B and E.

Quote:
(B)  Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is


The blue highlighted line doesn't have a verb in it. So, it is no where a clause. Now, that means it is a phrase and is acting as a modifier.

Modifier + Comma rule says that the modifier MUST refer to the subject of the main clause after the comma.

Here the Subject is "One explanation". That means we are trying to say One explanation was a Thule artifacts being .. blah blah...

Hence, B is incorrect.

Quote:
(E)  Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being "


The usage of with is incorrect here. I think you should read this article: When to use with on GMAT.

Having said that "with one explanation" here means we are saying they are similar as well as they are with something else. This is wrong.

Does that make sense?
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The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 May 2019, 13:04
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Hello Everyone!

Let's take a closer look at this question, since it appears that the original posting had to be updated at some point to fix typos. We'll look at each option and narrow it down to the right answer. To get started, here is the question with any major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
(E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

Right away, if we just read the orange parts in each option, we start to see some problems:

(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as

This answer is INCORRECT because it's saying that the similarity of Thule artifacts IS a rapid movement of people from one end of North American to another, which doesn't really make logical sense. It should say that the similarity is CAUSED BY a rapid movement of people. It's also not clear that this is only ONE explanation of many - it just says that this partly explains the similarity of artifacts.

(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is

This is INCORRECT because it's unclear what the subject of the sentence is. The phrase "Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region" needs a verb directly after it to work because it is acting like a subject here. "One explanation" is also acting as the subject. We can't have two subjects that are just stacked on top of each other like this, with nothing connecting them.

(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as

This is INCORRECT for the same reason as option A. If you read carefully, it says that the phenomenon of similar artifacts IS the movement of people, not that it was CAUSED BY a sudden movement of people. This doesn't make logical sense, so let's toss this option aside.

(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was

This is CORRECT because it conveys the proper meaning (the movement of people is one explanation for finding similar artifacts in several places), and this is absolutely clear to readers. This isn't to say this option is perfectly grammatically correct - many of you took issue with the phrase "is that there was" being overly wordy. However, this is the best answer because it conveys its meaning the clearest - even if you could argue that you could cut a few words out.

(E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

This is INCORRECT because the first clause "Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar" is missing a comma after the word region.

There you have it - option D is the correct answer! This was a difficult question, for sure!


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(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was


Can sombody explain to me function of "there" here in option D.
"that" plays subordinating function and connects two clauses, clear.
But what about "there" is this a placeholder or refers to "vast region"? :roll:
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New post 03 Jan 2019, 07:21
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(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was


GK
Yes, it is used as a placeholder.

It is not a pronoun that can replace the noun vast regions since if you replace the word with 'vast region', you will see that the clause doesn't make any sense.
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New post 26 Jan 2019, 10:04
I rejected options with "one explanation" because the original sentence intends to say that 'a part of the reason is ...'. "One explanation" would mean that there are multiple potential explanations and one of them is.... Thoughts?
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New post 26 Jan 2019, 12:10
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blockman wrote:
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.


(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as

(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is

(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as

(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was

(E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

bharatmatta wrote:
I rejected options with "one explanation" because the original sentence intends to say that 'a part of the reason is ...'. "One explanation" would mean that there are multiple potential explanations and one of them is.... Thoughts?

Hi bharatmatta , option A does not determine the original or intended meaning of the sentence.

The answer that is grammatically correct, logically sound, and rhetorically effective contains the intended meaning.

Option A incorrectly equates a characteristic of an artifact with the geographical and historical movement of people through real space.
An characteristic, similarity, is not the same as an event, the movement of people through space and time.

Answer D is grammatically and logically correct. Its meaning is the intended one.

That said, I started thinking about your distinction.
If I buy the premise that AN explanation is composed of internally consistent parts, then I agree:
"one explanation" [composed of internally consistent parts] does suggest multiple and inconsistent explanations, plural.
I also concede that if I buy your premise about what "explanation" means, a partial explanation and one explanation are not the same thing.

I am trying to remember an official question that tests with this much sophistication. I cannot remember one.

Now it is time for me to exit the Hall of Mirrors within whose walls stands the Tower of Babel populated by postmodern obscurantists.
(My head is spinning with what philosophers, linguists, scientists, scholars of English, and others would do with this distinction of yours.) :-D

I hope that answer helps. :)
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New post 19 Apr 2019, 20:08
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1. usage of being in option B and option E , usage of be in opition A,
can any experts clear me the usage of words be and being in the context of above options especially in option E..
thanks in advance,

actually presence of these words takes few seconds more for me to analyse

2. as per abhimahna post on the usage of with i read those article also,
it states only two usages with can be used one to quote the result and other to state the subcomponent noun, as per that in option e usage is wrong,.. but i am not convinced, is the usage of with in option e wrong? if so kindly enlighten me on this.

3. verb ed or verb ing modifiers are adjective modifiers, similarly is usage of explainable in option C justified as adjective modifier? , whether we can use modifiers like that?
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New post 19 Apr 2019, 23:30
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Quote:
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as

(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is

(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as

(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was

(E) Throughout a vast region, Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being


Quote:
bharatmatta wrote:
I rejected options with "one explanation" because the original sentence intends to say that 'a part of the reason is ...'. "One explanation" would mean that there are multiple potential explanations and one of them is... Thoughts?


Whether that is one reason or a part reason or the only reason or one among the many reasons is not an issue here. It is more plausible that it is one among many other reasons. However, before one goes into such hair-splits and rejects those choices, it is necessary to see whether there are any other spontaneously visible errors in the choices.

Take for example,

B and E suffer from 'being' used as a modifier.
In the case of C, The sentence is an outright fragment. In addition, the idiom 'explainable as' is the spoilsport. "explainable by " the correct idiom in the context.
In the case of A, the idiom 'explained as' is wrong. --- "explained by " is the correct idiom.

Can we see why D is the only correct choice? IMHO, this is a sub-600 level question with hardly any compelling need for a discussion

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New post 30 May 2019, 16:37
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.


(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as: Explained As is wrong uses

(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is: use of being is wrong

(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as : explainable as is wrong uses

(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was: CORRECT

(E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being: use of being is incorrect
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New post 22 Jul 2019, 15:00
[quote="daagh"]A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as --- ‘explained as’ is wrong in the context it should be ‘explained by’

B. Thule artifacts being remarkable similar throughout a vast region (no verb), one explanation is—‘being remarkable’ used as modifier is not acceptable

C. That Thule artifacts are remarkable similar throughout a vast region, in part, explainable as – a fragment

D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts through a vast region is that there was – the best choice
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkable similar, with one explanation for this being –
Remarkable similar – two adjectives in sequence is weird, it should be ‘remarkably similar’



it is already remarkably similar in option E
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