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The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region

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The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Dec 2018, 04:57
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The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.


(A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as

(B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is

(C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as

(D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was

(E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being


comma + with (adverbial modifier) = LINK 1 & LINK 2 & LINK 3 & LINK 4 & LINK 5 & LINK 6 &LINK 7

Thule Artifacts

(A) Meaning / Idiom

(B) Meaning

(C) Meaning / Idiom

(D) CORRECT

(E) Modifier / Meaning (with … being)


First glance

The opening of each answer choice changes significantly. This problem doesn’t have a great initial clue as to what the sentence may be testing. When this happens, pay special attention to overall sentence structure and meaning when reading the original sentence.

Issues

(1) Meaning: explained as

Logically, the sentence is trying to say that the fact that these artifacts are so similar can be explained by, or is due to, the fact that people were moving throughout this region; presumably, they were carrying these artifacts with them. Explained by, however, does not mean the same thing as explained as, which the sentence uses.

Explained as is used when you’re trying to connect or equate two things. For example, compare these two sentences:

A yawn can be explained as a generally involuntary reflex consisting of an intake of air accompanied by a release of pressure (or popping) in the eardrums. (This explains what a yawn is.)

The doctor’s endless yawning can be explained by her lack of sufficient sleep the night before. (This explains why she’s yawning.)

In the problem, the similarity of the artifacts is not a rapid movement of people. Rather, the similarity might be the result of this rapid movement. Eliminate answers (A) and (C).

(2) Meaning / Modifier: Thule artifacts … region

The opening modifier is constructed incorrectly. The word being is tricky to use properly. Consider this incorrect sentence:

The dogs being similar, one explanation is that they are siblings.

When the intent of the sentence is something like The fact that (X is true) can be explained by Y, don’t use the being construction above. In this case, the structure of the opening modifier does not indicate that the explanation in question is about why the dogs are similar. Eliminate answer (B).

(3) Meaning / Modifier: with … being

A comma + with modifier is an adverbial modifier; it refers to the main action taking place in the sentence. Consider these two correct examples:

He jumped crazily on the trampoline, with arms and legs flying everywhere.

She ate too much at dinner, with the result that she suffered indigestion.

In the first correct example, the comma with modifier describes an action taking place simultaneously with the main action. In the second correct example, the comma with modifier introduces a consequence of the main action.

In the problem, though, the comma with modifier tries to explain the main clause; this is not an acceptable way to structure this meaning. Consider this incorrect example:

She ate too much at dinner, with the explanation being that she hadn’t eaten anything all day.

Rather, She ate too much at dinner because she hadn’t eaten anything all day.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (D) fixes the original meaning error by changing the structure of the sentence completely: One explanation for the remarkable similarity is that people moved around a lot.

The passive structure of the rest of that sentence (there was a very rapid movement of people) will likely cause many people to eliminate this choice. If you did, or were tempted to do so, remind yourself in future: there is nothing inherently wrong with the passive voice. Don’t eliminate just because a choice is passive.

Note: in the first printing of the 2016 edition of The Official Guide for GMAT Review, the question text on page 678 does not completely match the re-print of the same question on page 717. This solution follows the problem as printed on page 678.

Originally posted by blockman on 12 Aug 2015, 19:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Dec 2018, 04:57, edited 6 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2015, 20:22
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A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as --- ‘explained as’ is wrong in the context it should be ‘explained by’

B. Thule artifacts being remarkable similar throughout a vast region (no verb), one explanation is—‘being remarkable’ used as modifier is not acceptable

C. That Thule artifacts are remarkable similar throughout a vast region, in part, explainable as – a fragment

D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts through a vast region is that there was – the best choice
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkable similar, with one explanation for this being –
Remarkable similar – two adjectives in sequence is weird, it should be ‘remarkably similar’

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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2015, 20:57
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Here is the official explanation

Logical predication; Grammatical construction; Rhetorical construction
The intended meaning of the sentence is that the rapid movement of people across North America is one explanation of the similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region. As worded, however, the sentence is illogical: The sentence indicates that the similarity in artifacts was a rapid movement of people, which makes no sense. Instead of equating similarity with movement, the sentence needs to identify this movement of people as a cause of similarity among artifacts.

A As worded, this version of the sentence makes the illogical statement that the similarity among artifacts is explainable as a very rapid movement. It should specify that the similarity of artifacts may be a consequence of the rapid population movement.

B This version of the sentence is syntactically awkward, and leaves unclear what the main subject, one explanation is supposed to be an explanation of.

C Like (A), this version of the sentence equates the similarity of artifacts with the movement of people, when a causal connection is what is intended.

D Correct. This version adequately expresses the intended causal connection.

E This version is awkward, introducing the causal connection with the unnecessarily wordy and indirect string of prepositional phrases, with one explanation for this. . . .
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2015, 20:16
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I think it should be D.
A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkable similar throughout a vast region (no verb), one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkable similar throughout a vast region, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts through a vast region is that there was-- PERFECT
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkable similar, with one explanation for this being

B,C,E are out because it should have been remarkably
A is out because there should be some word like "can" before be explained as.. otherwise it is awkward in construction
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2015, 21:29
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Usage of "being" in E might be an issue. I have read that "being" is not a preferred usage.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 23:08
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daagh: Is the usage of "Explained as" incorrect in GMAT? If not, can you please provide few examples to demonstrate the usage of "explained by" and "explained as".

Also, I felt that D changes the meaning of the sentence. In option D, the usage of "One explanation" adds more information to the information stated in the question. In what circumstances does GMAT permit such changes to the meaning.
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New post 15 Dec 2015, 01:27
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Vyshak

1. How can we generalize that ‘explained as’ is always incorrect in GMAT?. Everything is contextual, isn’t it? Here are some genuine examples of ‘explained as’ and ‘explained by’

The Tajmahal is explained as a monument of love and caring of a husband for his wife.

A Himalayan blunder can be explained as a blunder as great or tall as the Himalayas.

GMAT can be explained as a test of endurance and application

Examples for ‘explained by’

The cascading downfalls in the history of stock markets can be only explained by the investors’ bandwagon psychology

The reason behind the FIFA muddle can be explained by the venality some depraved souls.

2. One explanation need not be ‘one more explanation; It can also be ‘only one explanation’ . A meaning change is not a possibility in D, as far as I see.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2016, 10:07
Had option A used "Explained By", then would it be correct
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2016, 23:33
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I had a query regarding the meaning of the option choices in the following question

OG 2016 : Question 31 : SC : Thule Artifacts


The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

Original sentence conveys that similarity of the artifacts can be partly explained. It can't be explained fully.
Option Choice D says that one explanation for the similarity is ... This means that there can be many explanations for the similarity, but one explanation is this one.

Though the option D is grammatically correct, I ruled out the choice because it deviated from the meaning stated in the original sentence.

Is the deviation allowed in the meaning of the original sentence?

Please clarify how the option choice D is the correct answer.

Thanks

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 03:32
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sahilmalhotra01 wrote:
I had a query regarding the meaning of the option choices in the following question

OG 2016 : Question 31 : SC : Thule Artifacts


The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

Original sentence conveys that similarity of the artifacts can be partly explained. It can't be explained fully.
Option Choice D says that one explanation for the similarity is ... This means that there can be many explanations for the similarity, but one explanation is this one.

Though the option D is grammatically correct, I ruled out the choice because it deviated from the meaning stated in the original sentence.

Is the deviation allowed in the meaning of the original sentence?

Please clarify how the option choice D is the correct answer.

Thanks

Sahil


Hi Sahil,

Option D is grammatically and logically correct.

Original sentence: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people --> Remarkable similarity can be explained as a very rapid movement of people? This is illogical.

D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was a very rapid movement of people --> This choice is perfectly fine and logical.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 05:26
Can you please provide a definition (like a dictionary one) for "explained as" and for "explained by"?
Are they both phrasal verb?

I still don't get why answer A is wrong. For me "can be explained as" means "we can explain it with the following reason...", "we can say it is due to...."

Thanks in advance
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 10:19
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raffamaiden wrote:
Can you please provide a definition (like a dictionary one) for "explained as" and for "explained by"?
Are they both phrasal verb?

I still don't get why answer A is wrong. For me "can be explained as" means "we can explain it with the following reason...", "we can say it is due to...."

Thanks in advance


If you go with the meaning of the sentence, we have 'The reason for similar artifacts throughout vast region is movement of people from one place to another'.

Now if you look at original sentence, the meaning implies 'similarity can be explained as something' It is very non-sensible. We are not explaining the similarity but we are explaining the reason behind the similarity. Hence, A is illogical.

The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

D clearly tells the intended meaning, hence is the correct answer.

Explained as means we are defining something. Here, we are not defining similarity but we are providing the reason behind similarity.

Explained by means we are using something to define it.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 01:28
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blockman wrote:
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

OA: D
Can someone please explain what is wrong with E


Sorry: fixed answer choices, should be "remarkably" in B,C,E


Responding to a pm:

When you explain A as B, you are equating the two.

Here are a couple of real world examples of the usage:

The racial bias observed is not explainable as a response to local-level crime rates.
How cluster headache is explained as an intracavernous inflammatory process lesioning sympathetic fibers... (Heading)

When you want to give the cause of a certain phenomenon, you use "explain by"

Tomasetti and Vogelstein conclude that these differences can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions.

In options (A) and (C), the similarity of objects is because of the rapid movement of people. So "explained as" is not correct.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 20:09
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Yes! Absolutely!

"Explained by" is the correct way to express a reason/cause for something.

"Explained as" is used when you are equating two things.

Example - John's results can be explained by analyzing his strategy.

The incorrect version - John's results can be explained as analyzing his strategy. You'll notice that this structure does not lend the meaning nicely.

Tip - Simplify the sentence and look at the structure. It helps in zeroing in on the correct choice.

Hope this helps!

Best,
SS18


282552 wrote:
Had option A used "Explained By", then would it be correct
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 07:46
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
blockman wrote:
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

OA: D
Can someone please explain what is wrong with E


Sorry: fixed answer choices, should be "remarkably" in B,C,E


Responding to a pm:

When you explain A as B, you are equating the two.

Here are a couple of real world examples of the usage:

The racial bias observed is not explainable as a response to local-level crime rates.
How cluster headache is explained as an intracavernous inflammatory process lesioning sympathetic fibers... (Heading)

When you want to give the cause of a certain phenomenon, you use "explain by"

Tomasetti and Vogelstein conclude that these differences can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions.

In options (A) and (C), the similarity of objects is because of the rapid movement of people. So "explained as" is not correct.


Karishma thanks for the thoughts ... what are the best places to revise Idioms will be ??
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 08:01
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deependra1234 wrote:
Karishma thanks for the thoughts ... what are the best places to revise Idioms will be ??


Hey,

This post may help you.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-idioms- ... 80342.html

Thanks
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2017, 08:27
deependra1234 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
blockman wrote:
The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can,in part,be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

A. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
B. Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
C. That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is, in part, explainable as
D. One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
E. Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

OA: D
Can someone please explain what is wrong with E


Sorry: fixed answer choices, should be "remarkably" in B,C,E


Responding to a pm:

When you explain A as B, you are equating the two.

Here are a couple of real world examples of the usage:

The racial bias observed is not explainable as a response to local-level crime rates.
How cluster headache is explained as an intracavernous inflammatory process lesioning sympathetic fibers... (Heading)

When you want to give the cause of a certain phenomenon, you use "explain by"

Tomasetti and Vogelstein conclude that these differences can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions.

In options (A) and (C), the similarity of objects is because of the rapid movement of people. So "explained as" is not correct.


Karishma thanks for the thoughts ... what are the best places to revise Idioms will be ??



Here are some thoughts on learning idioms:

https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/0 ... rom-rumor/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/0 ... score-700/
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 03:16
What is function of That in D? Could anyone explain the context.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 14:42
Prashant10692 wrote:
What is function of That in D? Could anyone explain the context.



Hello Prashant10692,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In the correct answer choice D, that is a connector/conjunction that joins the preceding independent clause with the following dependent clause.

Basically, the entire that clause acts as an object of the verb is.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 17:41
egmat wrote:
Prashant10692 wrote:
What is function of That in D? Could anyone explain the context.



Hello Prashant10692,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In the correct answer choice D, that is a connector/conjunction that joins the preceding independent clause with the following dependent clause.

Basically, the entire that clause acts as an object of the verb is.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha
I felt that this usage of "that" with "there was" was awkward and therefore did not pick option D. I thought that only FANBOYS can connect two clauses.
Would you be able to share some examples, other OG questions where "that" is used to connect two clauses?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2017, 17:41

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