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In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F

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In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy, suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates.

(A) suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates

(B) suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future

(C) which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by the central bank

(D) with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank

(E) with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future by the central bank

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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 15:43
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Hello Everyone!

If we look closely at the differences between each answer, there are a couple that pop out right away:

1. How they begin: suggesting / which suggests / with the suggestion
2. Placement of the phrase “in the future”
3. Verb tense: lower / lowered / lowering

Let’s start with #1 on our list because it seems like a good place to weed out a couple answers right away. We know from the context of the sentence that the chairman is suggesting the central bank won’t lower rates. However, not all of the answers make this clear. Some of them sound more like they’re referring to the “picture” rather than the “chairman.” Let's see how each answer holds up:

(A) suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates → clear that it’s the chairman → OK
(B) suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future → clear that it’s the chairman → OK
(C) which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by the central bank → adding “which suggests” makes it sound like you’re referring to the picture, not the chairman → BAD
(D) with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank → adding “with the suggestion” makes it sound like you’re referring to the picture, not the chairman → BAD
(E) with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future by the central bank → adding “with the suggestion” makes it sound like you’re referring to the picture, not the chairman → BAD

This means we can eliminate answers C, D, and E because they are too vague.

Now we’re left with answers A and B. Let’s now look at #3 on our list: verb tense. One of these has a red flag that we should be able to spot easily:

(A) suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates
This answer is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense “is not lowering” to talk about an possible future event!

(B) suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future
This answer is CORRECT because it’s clear who is doing the action, and it uses the correct hypothetical future tense “would not lower.”


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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:46
In the original sentence there is a "before" and the verb "painted" which is in Simple Past.
In A: Usage of present simple and the construction is not correct.
In B: Correct tense and a sound construction. CORRECT
In C: The "which" refers to the economy instead of the picture.
In D & E: Passive voice is used so we can reject these two.

Correct answer is B.
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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 02:03
The suggestion refers to a likely future action. Need 'Would' as the action.B and D left. D can be eliminated right away because of the phrase at the beginning. B gets it right by using verb+ing to imply the sequential action of 'painted an optimistic picture' - suggesting that.

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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:05
In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy, suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates.

A. suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates

B. suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future - Painted(Past) + would(conditional). Correct

C. which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by the central bank

D. with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank - Wordy & muddled. Meaning issue as well.

E. with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future by the central bank - Meaning issue.

Answer B.

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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy, suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates.

'Not lowering interest rates' must be modified by 'in the near future' and hence should be next to next and not be separated from each other.

A. suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates --- 'not lowering' is separated from 'the near future' by a verb.

B. suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future --- Correct.

C. which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by the central bank ---- 'which' has no logical referent.

D. with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank--- 'to investors in the near future' is wrong word order.

E. with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future by the central bank --- to investors of interest rates-- changes the meaning
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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 22:36
b uses correct idiomatic expression.
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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 11:12
In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy, suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates.

A. suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates
is not lowering: makes this incorrect
B. suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near future.

Use of "that" eleimintes the error. We are talking about future so "Would" is the right usage.

C. which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by the central bank
Use of which is problematic here

D. with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank.
in the near future is placed incorrectly. It creates meaning error. Word should be placed after that clause
In other words it should be used for "that interest rates".
Sthng like :- interest rates would not be lowered by the central bank in the near future.


E. with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future by the central bank - Meaning issue.
of interest rates not being lowered : is used incorrectly.

IMO B.
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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 20:14
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Solved this question with just meaning wise.

A- when we suggest something, we expect that clause .
B- Correct
C- Here which refers to the picture. Illogical meaning
D- Are we talking about investor in the near future - Wrong modifier .
E- investor of interest rates - again wrong modifier
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Re: In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the F &nbs [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 20:14
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