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# The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d

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The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 May 2017, 08:57
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74% (02:02) correct 26% (02:11) wrong based on 489 sessions

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The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how deep the pilings are driven. Prior to 1700, pilings were driven to “refusal,” that is, to the point at which they refused to go any deeper. In a 1588 inquiry into the solidity of piers for Venice’s Rialto Bridge, it was determined that the bridge’s builder, Antonio Da Ponte, had met the contemporary standard for refusal: he had caused the pilings to be driven until additional penetration into the ground was no greater than two inches after twenty-four hammer blows.

Which one of the following can properly be inferred from the passage?

(A) The Rialto Bridge was built on unsafe pilings.
(B) The standard of refusal was not sufficient to ensure the safety of a bridge.
(C) Da Ponte’s standard of refusal was less strict than that of other bridge builders of his day.
(D) After 1588, no bridges were built on pilings that were driven to the point of refusal.
(E) It is possible that the pilings of the Rialto Bridge could have been driven deeper even after the standard of refusal had been met.

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Originally posted by creativeminddu on 19 Nov 2013, 02:23.
Last edited by hazelnut on 23 May 2017, 08:57, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 07:53
Go with D. Either D / E.

D . prior to 1700,pfings were driven to "refusal. Clear indicator !
E. Last line indirectly says this option.

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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 10:29
IMO E ... please post OA ... since point of refusal can be deeper if two inches was not the criteria...
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2013, 20:17
A & B) Nothing in the passage about safety
C) "Contemporary standard" met
D) No information about what happened after 1588
E) Default answer; "additional penetration... no greater than," suggests penetration may not be 0.

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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2014, 02:42
Bump!

Can someone please explain why is it E.
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 05:54
sharmasneha wrote:
Bump!

Can someone please explain why is it E.

(A) The Rialto Bridge was built on unsafe pilings'
It is not mentioned in the passage

(B) The standard of refusal was not sufficient to ensure the safefy of a bridge.
Can't be infer from the passage

(C) Da Ponte's standard of refusal was less strict than that of other bridge builders of his day.
Can't be infer from the passage

(D) After 1588, no bridges were built on pilings that were driven to the point of refusal,
Opposite of what mentioned in passage

(E) It is possible that the pilings of the Rialto Bridge could have been driven deeper even after the standard of refusal had been met.

In a 1588 inquiry into the solidity of piers for Venice's Rialto Bridge, it was determined that the bridge's
builder, Antonio Da Ponte, had met the contemporary standard for refusal: he had caused the pilings to be driven until additional penetration into the ground was no greater than two inches after twenty-four hammer blows.

given above facts in the passage imply that the penetration can be done further.
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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12 May 2017, 07:46
(A) The Rialto Bridge was built on unsafe pilings' OUT of scope

(B) The standard of refusal was not sufficient to ensure the safefy of a bridge. OUT of scope

(C) Da Ponte's standard of refusal was less strict than that of other bridge builders of his day. OUT of scope

(D) After 1588, no bridges were built on pilings that were driven to the point of refusal, Opposite of what mentioned in passage

(E) It is possible that the pilings of the Rialto Bridge could have been driven deeper even after the standard of refusal had been met. CORRECT

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The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 16:19
creativeminddu wrote:
The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how deep the pilings are driven. Prior to 1700, pilings were driven to “refusal,” that is, to the point at which they refused to go any deeper. In a 1588 inquiry into the solidity of piers for Venice’s Rialto Bridge, it was determined that the bridge’s builder, Antonio Da Ponte, had met the contemporary standard for refusal: he had caused the pilings to be driven until additional penetration into the ground was no greater than two inches after twenty-four hammer blows.

Which one of the following can properly be inferred from the passage?

(A) The Rialto Bridge was built on unsafe pilings.
(B) The standard of refusal was not sufficient to ensure the safety of a bridge.
(C) Da Ponte’s standard of refusal was less strict than that of other bridge builders of his day.
(D) After 1588, no bridges were built on pilings that were driven to the point of refusal.
(E) It is possible that the pilings of the Rialto Bridge could have been driven deeper even after the standard of refusal had been met.

Premise 1: Bridge solidity depends on how deep pilings are driven.
Premise 2: Prior to 1700: pilings driven to refusal level.
Premise 3: In 1588 inquiry:Builder met the contemporary standard of refusal: he had driven until additional penetration was no greater than 2 inches.
Pre phrase: Premise 1, 2 and 3 all talk about refusal level. And how a builder ensured he meet the refusal level, meaning that he could have driven deeper than refusal level.

A. No information in the passage.
B. No information in the passage.
C. Opposite information. It had met the CONTEMPORARY standard for refusal.
D. Out of scope. No information is provided "after 1588."
E. Correct. After the point of refusal the builder ensured that the additional penetration into the ground was no greater than two inches after twenty-four hammer blows.
Hence, E
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 09:26
this question will appear in gmat?
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2017, 19:54
catchbharani wrote:
Go with D. Either D / E.

D . prior to 1700,pfings were driven to "refusal. Clear indicator !
E. Last line indirectly says this option.

D is obviously incorrect for the very reason you cited! The period between 1588 and 1700 is prior to 1700 and pilings were still driven to 'refusal' during that period.

A, B,and C could be true. When the question stem asks you to infer, you look for the answer choice that must be true given the information in the stimulus. E is the only answer that must be true.
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Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 23:40
The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how deep the pilings are driven. Prior to 1700, pilings were driven to “refusal,” that is, to the point at which they refused to go any deeper. In a 1588 inquiry into the solidity of piers for Venice’s Rialto Bridge, it was determined that the bridge’s builder, Antonio Da Ponte, had met the contemporary standard for refusal: he had caused the pilings to be driven until additional penetration into the ground was no greater than two inches after twenty-four hammer blows.

Which one of the following can properly be inferred from the passage?

(A) The Rialto Bridge was built on unsafe pilings. - Avoid extreme statements
(B) The standard of refusal was not sufficient to ensure the safety of a bridge.Avoid extreme statements
(C) Da Ponte’s standard of refusal was less strict than that of other bridge builders of his day.Not mentioned anywhere
(D) After 1588, no bridges were built on pilings that were driven to the point of refusal.We dont know for sure
(E) It is possible that the pilings of the Rialto Bridge could have been driven deeper even after the standard of refusal had been met.Quite Possible

Thus E
Re: The solidity of bridge piers built on pilings depends largely on how d   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2018, 23:40
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