GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Nov 2019, 23:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 305
The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2009, 22:42
4
1
19
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:45) correct 41% (01:51) wrong based on 663 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had

(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had


SC23561.01
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5184
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2011, 18:41
7
2
My point is: Is there an issue of //ism here? Or are we trying to create a pseudo //ism by fancying something? In matters of list //islm, if you apply a tenet of //ism for one arm, then you must do that for all the rest too. Now in this case, you can not apply //ism of ‘Can be carefully planned’, to ‘weather conditions that cannot be foreseen’ alone. You must also parallelize other arms by saying some thing similar to “accidents that can not be prevented and pilot errors that can not be eliminated” etc” None of the choices does that. So parallelism is not the issue here.

The only difference between B and E is the way the weather conditions have been described. It is a question of idiom. B is better because, it uses the active voice ‘can not be seen’ instead of the passive ‘that are not foreseeable’.

This is simply a question of pronoun error and idiom
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
General Discussion
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 338
Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2009, 00:48
2
1
gurpreet07 wrote:
830. The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.
(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had
(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had
(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

Plz explain your answers


I think the answer is B.
There are two main issues, parallelism and pronoun reference.

Pronoun error - The last item in the list says "and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had". "They" does not have an antecedent and is wrong. It is supposed to refer to pilots but pilot itself is not a subject, only "pilot errors". Eliminate A, C, and E.

Parallelism error - Between B and D. "weather conditions that cannot be foreseen" is correct over "not forseeable".
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 23 Dec 2009
Posts: 35
Schools: HBS 2+2
WE 1: Consulting
WE 2: Investment Management
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2010, 23:45
1
I'm not sure why B is preferred. I know "parallelism" was cited, but what makes B correctly parallel and D not parallel (i.e., what is the subordinate clause "that..." have to be parallel with?)?
_________________
My GMAT quest...

...over!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Apr 2009
Posts: 203
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2010, 16:37
3
can be carefully planned .... can not be forseen is present in B , hope that makes clear to you
_________________
Always tag your question
BSchool Moderator
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 303
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 May 2010, 05:34
gurpreet07 wrote:
830. The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.
(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had
(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had
(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

Plz explain your answers


Eliminate A, C and E as it is not clear to what "they" refers.
The difference between B and D is "cannot be foreseen" vs "are not foreseeable". I'd prefer B since D sounds a little awkward.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Dec 2009
Posts: 53
Location: United Kingdom
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 500 Q45 V16
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2011, 10:20
Between B & D i went with B. cannot be foreseen for ||ism
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 286
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Mar 2011, 19:09
1
I second you daagh. I even selected B over D, but came here in search of appropriate reason, which looks like I have found here.

daagh wrote:
My point is: Is there an issue of //ism here? Or are we trying to create a pseudo //ism by fancying something? In matters of list //islm, if you apply a tenet of //ism for one arm, then you must do that for all the rest too. Now in this case, you can not apply //ism of ‘Can be carefully planned’, to ‘weather conditions that cannot be foreseen’ alone. You must also parallelize other arms by saying some thing similar to “accidents that can not be prevented and pilot errors that can not be eliminated” etc” None of the choices does that. So parallelism is not the issue here.

The only difference between B and E is the way the weather conditions have been described. It is a question of idiom. B is better because, it uses the active voice ‘can not be seen’ instead of the passive ‘that are not foreseeable’.

This is simply a question of pronoun error and idiom
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 198
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Mar 2011, 21:00
A C and E are eliminated for incorrect and unnecessary use of 'they'
Weather conditions thar are not forseeable is a wordy way of saying unforeseeable weather conditions, used in B
Hence B
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Nov 2010
Posts: 44
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2011, 17:29
gurpreet07 wrote:
830. The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.
(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had
(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had
(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

Plz explain your answers


A, C, and E is out because of they which does not have an antecedent. Between B and D, B wins because of parallelism.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 267
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V32
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2012, 23:44
1
First up, please underline the portion of the sentence so that it's easier to read in the GMAT format. I felt I got it wrong, because it was so confusing to see which part at the end of the setence was part of the original sentence (than they had or just than?)

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

In E, who does the last "they" represent? There is no clear antecedant. But we now know GMAT doesn't care much about antecedents of pronouns. So, there must be another reason.
Let's simplify the sentence:
X can be planned, but A, B and C often cause larger deposits than THEY had anticipated. (Does it make sense?? Of course not. Because They is unnecessary in the third person speech.
In B, third person speech is correctly used and it avoids the THEY which is used to assign anticipation to some group (and wrongly so) in E.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2011
Posts: 135
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
WE: Operations (Insurance)
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2012, 00:38
mourinhogmat1 wrote:
First up, please underline the portion of the sentence so that it's easier to read in the GMAT format. I felt I got it wrong, because it was so confusing to see which part at the end of the setence was part of the original sentence (than they had or just than?)

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than
(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

In E, who does the last "they" represent? There is no clear antecedant. But we now know GMAT doesn't care much about antecedents of pronouns. So, there must be another reason.
Let's simplify the sentence:
X can be planned, but A, B and C often cause larger deposits than THEY had anticipated. (Does it make sense?? Of course not. Because They is unnecessary in the third person speech.
In B, third person speech is correctly used and it avoids the THEY which is used to assign anticipation to some group (and wrongly so) in E.



My mistake.. I meant I need an explanation between B and D.. Any thoughts?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 267
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V32
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2012, 01:07
2
weather conditions that cannot be foreseen vs. weather conditions that are not foreseeable.

Foreseen is a verb and foreseeable is an adjective, right?
We say "in the foreseeable future".
Usage wise the second one is awefully wordy. We can say "unforeseeable weather conditions." MUCH BETTER as in answer choice C.

Secondly, ARE is a state of being. e.g. you are bad. So, can weather conditions be in a state of "unforeseeableness" (BAD WORD :twisted: , but I guess it serves the purpose)? Answer is NO. They can be unforeseen.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 15
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jan 2018, 23:46
Can somebody take a look on "Unforseeable weather conditions" Vs "Weather conditions that are unforseeable" ??

Is there any significant difference between these two phrases??

Please explain!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 12 Oct 2018
Posts: 1
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Aug 2019, 20:26
daagh wrote:
My point is: Is there an issue of //ism here? Or are we trying to create a pseudo //ism by fancying something? In matters of list //islm, if you apply a tenet of //ism for one arm, then you must do that for all the rest too. Now in this case, you can not apply //ism of ‘Can be carefully planned’, to ‘weather conditions that cannot be foreseen’ alone. You must also parallelize other arms by saying some thing similar to “accidents that can not be prevented and pilot errors that can not be eliminated” etc” None of the choices does that. So parallelism is not the issue here.

The only difference between B and E is the way the weather conditions have been described. It is a question of idiom. B is better because, it uses the active voice ‘can not be seen’ instead of the passive ‘that are not foreseeable’.

This is simply a question of pronoun error and idiom


I would say that it surely has something relevant with parallelism. "The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned", then "weather that can not be foreseen", it's still some kind of parallel.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2017
Posts: 291
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2019, 03:35
2
gurpreet07 wrote:
The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had

(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had


SC23561.01


Official Explanation

Parallelism; Rhetorical construction

The only plural nouns that could potentially be the referent of they in this sentence are weather conditions and pilot errors. However, neither of these makes logical sense within the context of the sentence.

For the purposes of this sentence, it is clearer to use the impersonal than anticipated rather than than they had anticipated. This is because it is not important who is anticipating the conditions under which the pesticides are sprayed. In other words, the statement is universal; the point is that these are unknowable conditions, rather than that some particular group failed to anticipate correctly the size of spray deposits.

A. As indicated above, there is no reasonable referent for the pronoun they.

B. Correct. The idea is conveyed clearly and cleanly.

C. They has no reasonable referent.

D. Weather conditions that are not foreseeable is an awkward construction. Either unforeseeable weather conditions or weather conditions that cannot be foreseen would be preferable.

E. They has no reasonable referent.

The correct answer is B.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2017
Posts: 33
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2019, 14:41
gmatt1476 wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had

(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had


SC23561.01


Official Explanation

Parallelism; Rhetorical construction

The only plural nouns that could potentially be the referent of they in this sentence are weather conditions and pilot errors. However, neither of these makes logical sense within the context of the sentence.

For the purposes of this sentence, it is clearer to use the impersonal than anticipated rather than than they had anticipated. This is because it is not important who is anticipating the conditions under which the pesticides are sprayed. In other words, the statement is universal; the point is that these are unknowable conditions, rather than that some particular group failed to anticipate correctly the size of spray deposits.

A. As indicated above, there is no reasonable referent for the pronoun they.

B. Correct. The idea is conveyed clearly and cleanly.

C. They has no reasonable referent.

D. Weather conditions that are not foreseeable is an awkward construction. Either unforeseeable weather conditions or weather conditions that cannot be foreseen would be preferable.

E. They has no reasonable referent.

The correct answer is B.


I was stuck between B and D. Is there a better explanation than awkward construction as to why "weather conditions that cannot be foreseen" is better than "weather conditions that are not foreseeable"? I reasoned with myself that unforeseeable is better than not foreseeable.
Also, I googled the difference between foreseen and foreseeable. The answer is foreseen is a verb and foreseeable is an adjective. However, both sentences are using the terms correctly. So not a very helpful difference between the two options.

So I googled further:

According to thesaurus.com, foreseen is a synonym for foreseeable. And, unforeseen is an antonym.
https://www.thesaurus.com/browse/foreseeable
P.S cannot guarantee the authenticity of this website, but it was the first result on google search.

Needless to say, I really am not convinced by awkward construction.
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 575
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2019, 19:31
1
Here is my opinion for this SC problem.

VAN rule:

Verb-Adjective-Noun : this is the order of preference in SC problem.

Now option A, C, and E are out because of using "They" which is pronoun without having clear antecedent.

Between B and D, foreseen is verb and foreseeable is adjective.
So clearly B is winning choice.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2017
Posts: 33
Re: The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2019, 06:41
gvij2017 wrote:
Here is my opinion for this SC problem.

VAN rule:

Verb-Adjective-Noun : this is the order of preference in SC problem.

Now option A, C, and E are out because of using "They" which is pronoun without having clear antecedent.

Between B and D, foreseen is verb and foreseeable is adjective.
So clearly B is winning choice.


Thank you! Is there a link to these kind of rules? I was unaware of the VAN rule, but it's helpful to know.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 15 Jan 2018
Posts: 64
The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Oct 2019, 21:02
1
I've stumbled upon this question a decade later and the only answers I've seen that explain why B is a better option is the classic "wordy" or "awkward" construction. However, in this question, as in many GMAT questions, there is a real reason and it comes down to reading literally.

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen
weather conditions that cannot be foreseen - OK. Foreseen by who or what? It doesn't matter in this case, all that matters is that we understand that something else is supposed to be unable to foresee weather conditions. In other words, something else or someone else is doing the observing. Weather is literally just doing what it does - being the weather.


(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable - What does this actually mean? This is saying that the weather conditions do not have the ability to be foreseen. Wait, what? Let me rephrase that. Weather conditions choose whether they can be foreseeable? As in, weather has the ability to be foreseen or not foreseen? Last I checked, weather is just the weather and doesn't have a consciousness or the ability to do anything, except to be.

Mind you, these "wordy" or "awkward" constructions can sometimes be enough to eliminate an answer. However in 700-level questions, that is simply not enough of an excuse to eliminate an answer. In 700-level questions, both right and wrong answer choices will be disguised very well.
GMAT Club Bot
The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2019, 21:02

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne