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The state religion of ancient China, which came into

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New post 05 Dec 2014, 13:12
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E

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The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be

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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2014, 18:48
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

For this particular problem you don't need to worry about the middle.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
The sentence doesn't make any sense.

B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
There are better word choices than "being". Contrary to popular GMAT belief, "being" is not always a deal breaker but in this case it is.

C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
Bingo.

D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
This sentence also makes no sense. What about the ritual worship of heaven?

E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
as performed is wrong. Does anyone also know if "perceived to be" is wrong to?
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2014, 09:24
Not related to the underlined portion, but doesn't the word which refer to china and not state of religion?
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2014, 10:42
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as--doesn't make sense (we're trying to convey the meaning that only emperors could perform this ritual and that emperors were perceived in some way)
B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being--more correct meaning, but awkward in construction
C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as--correctly conveys the meaning
D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as--the sentences means that the ritual worship of heaven is perceived in some way--not the right meaning of the original sentence
E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be--awkward and incorrect construction--especially "as performed by"

Choice C

@bankerboy30--I believe "which" modifies the whole phrase The state religion of ancient China and not just China
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2014, 10:42
2
Here is my logic to eliminate all the other options excepting C

a) only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as

1. COMMA + VERB-ing (perceiving) modifies the clause before the COMMA which doesn't make sense. Also, the sentence illogically means "state religion" actually "perceived" something.
2. The use of "performing" as a modifier is also wrong. These modifiers are used in active sense, meaning an action done by the performer himself. Here, it almost means that the "emperors" were actually "performing the rituals", something that the sentence doesn't actual intend to say.


b) only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
1. "PREP+NOUN+VERB-ing" is wrong in this case. First because the use of "being" as modifier is unnecessary. Second, the modifier "being" doesn't actually modify the noun "them" rather it tries to modify the action.
2. Adverbial modifier "with", which literally signifies the sense of possession, is also incorrect.


c) the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
- Correct

d) the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
1. Adverbial modifier "with", which literally signifies the sense of possession, is also incorrect.
2. "perception of them as " is unnecessarily wordy.
3. Also, it changes the meaning of the sentence


e) the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
1. "as performed by emperors only" - As followed by a clause is a construction used in comparisons. Completely illogical since it compares between "The state religion allowed the ritual worship..." with "<it was> performed by emperors"
2. "who" should be placed right after the "emperors"
3. the placement of "only" is also incorrect.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 08:43
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

Analysis:
The state religion of ancient China,
which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.),
allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
>> allowed only emperor changes the meaning.
B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
>> Whats wrong with B. To me it sounds weird. Can someone help with B??
C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
>>Sounds as if specific rituals were allowed.
E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 05:05
Quote:
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.


A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as (No verb for the sentence)
B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being (wrong usage of with )
C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as (rectifies the verb error, who is correctly modifying emperor)
D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as (verb missing)
E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be (verb missing)
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2019, 12:36
Hi experts,

Please explain why option A is wrong. I am confused between A and C.

Thanks.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2019, 12:36
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