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The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny

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The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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A
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The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny polyps living in a symbiotic relationship with brilliantly colored algae, are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like agricultural runoff, oil slicks, and trash, but also by dropped anchors, probing divers, and global warming.


(A) are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like

(B) are being threatened, experts say, by not only pollutants such as

(C) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants such as

(D) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants like

(E) is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 30: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by LM on 09 Jun 2007, 23:24.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Oct 2018, 04:25, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 12:02
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One of the things we hear pretty often: "being" is always wrong. Except that... well, it's actually completely fine to use "being" as a verb or a noun. For more on this issue, check out our recent Topic of the Week on "being": https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 42299.html

The key issues in this question have nothing to do with "being", though. "The survival" is the subject, so we'll need "is being", not "are being." And we also have some nice, straightforward parallelism: "not only by pollutants... but also by dropped anchors..." And if that isn't enough, "like" can't be used to introduce examples, so we have to use "such as."

Quote:
(A) are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like

Subject-verb agreement and "like" are both wrong. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) are being threatened, experts say, by not only pollutants such as

Subject-verb agreement and parallelism are both wrong. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants such as

Subject-verb is just fine, but the parallelism is wrong: "not only being threatened... but also by dropped anchors..." So (C) is out.

Quote:
(D) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants like

Parallelism error is the same as (C), and "like" is also wrong. So (D) is gone, too.

Quote:
(E) is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as

This is the only one that nails the subject-verb, parallelism, and "like" vs. "such as" problems that we see in the other answer choices. So (E) is correct.
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2011, 15:30
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ruturajp wrote:
The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny polyps living in a symbiotic relationship with brilliantly colored algae, are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like agricultural runoff, oil sticks, and trash, but also by dropped anchors, probing drivers, and global warming.
A. are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like
B. are being threatened, experts say, by not only pollutants such as
C. is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants such as
D. is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants like
E. is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as


Here's how to answer this question in <30 seconds.

Step 1) Recognize that the beginning of the underlined stuff says "are" - immediately you know this is testing you on subject-verb agreement. What's the subject?

Go back and realize the subject is: "the survival of X" - so it's SINGULAR - which means we need IS instead of ARE.

That narrows the question down to (C), (D), and (E).

Step 2) What are the differences between (C), (D), and (E)?
Well, you recognize the common sentence structure "not only..but also" - and the difference lies in the positioning of where "not only" belongs.

Does it belong in the beginning like in (C) and (D) or does it belong towards the end as in (E)?

Well, in order to know what you're comparing in "not only X but also Y" - you need to know what X and Y are.

Is the sentence trying to say the survival is not only being THREATENED but it's also being [verb]?

Or is the sentence trying to say that the survival is being threatened not only by X, but it's also being threatened by Y?

Clearly, the sentence is trying to say that the survival is being threatened not only by X, but it's also being threatened by Y.

So we need the word "not only" to be positioned AFTER the word "being threatened" - not before as in (C) and (D).

Step 3) As long as you understand that in this case X is pollutants, and Y is a list of more pollutants, then you know that the phrase "not only" belongs immediately before the list of pollutants but AFTER the word threatened.

That way, we are able to quickly read the sentence and narrow it down to (C), (D), and (E).
We recognized the differences between these answer choices and found that the position of the "not only" phrase needs to be in the way that (E) has it.

So we choose (E) as our final answer and move on.

Hope that helps!
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2011, 09:16
We should eliminate all stuff after 'like' if the items after 'like' is the example of preceding noun.
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2011, 15:03
tuanquang269 wrote:
We should eliminate all stuff after 'like' if the items after 'like' is the example of preceding noun.



Interesting. Actually we answered the question without even getting to the "such as" vs "like" part. Simply recognizing the placement of the "not only" phrase, we were able to get to the right answer.

But as a side note, "like" is used when showing a comparison. "Such as" is used to list examples of.

When you're listing examples of pollutants, you're going to need to use SUCH AS. So that leaves you with (C) or (E).

You'd still need to decide on the placement of "not only" to choose between these two. Hope that helps!
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 20:18
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Let's first remove A and B for erring on SV number agreement. Then let us dump D for using 'like' to cite examples. Let's also eliminate C for failing on correlative //ism. E remains.
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 21:53
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Hi Experts / GMATNinja / sayantanc2k / egmat / abhimahna

(E) is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as

can you please explain how the highlighted modifier (which is an independent clause) is okay to come in middle of a sentence without a proper conjunction to join?

Thank you!
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 22:32
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Well, first off, if it's a modifier, it isn't an independent clause. Those are mutually exclusive. In the case of "experts say," the presence of a subject and a verb does not make it an independent clause. It's a tag that shows who said something, and it functions in the same way that a dialogue tag would work when we quote someone:

"Welcome," Dina said, "to the toughest week of your life."
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Re: The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 00:25
Hi sdlife, that is being implied here.

So, all the following are correct:

i) My Dad says that hard work, works.

ii) My Dad says hard work, works.

iii) Hard work, my Dad says, works.

Similarly, here, the sentence is conveying:

Experts say that the survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny polyps living in a symbiotic relationship with brilliantly colored algae, is being threatened not only by pollutants such as agricultural runoff, oil slicks, and trash, but also by dropped anchors, probing divers, and global warming.
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The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2019, 04:09
LM wrote:
The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny polyps living in a symbiotic relationship with brilliantly colored algae, are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like agricultural runoff, oil slicks, and trash, but also by dropped anchors, probing divers, and global warming.


(A) are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like

(B) are being threatened, experts say, by not only pollutants such as

(C) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants such as

(D) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants like

(E) is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 30: Sentence Correction


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(A) are being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants like - Wrong: 1) SV 2) Like

(B) are being threatened, experts say, by not only pollutants such as - Wrong: 1) SV 2) Parallelism

(C) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants such as - Wrong: 1) Parallelism

(D) is not only being threatened, experts say, by pollutants like - Wrong: 1) Like 2) Parallelism

(E) is being threatened, experts say, not only by pollutants such as - Correct
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The survival of coral colonies, which are composed of innumerable tiny   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2019, 04:09
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