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# The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58340
The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 03:49
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

91% (00:57) correct 9% (01:10) wrong based on 76 sessions

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The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town facilities and parks no longer properly accommodate the townspeople now that the number of residents have increased so considerably.

(A) the number of residents have increased so considerably

(B) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(C) the number of residents has increased so considerably

(D) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(E) the number of residents has been increasing considerably so

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Re: The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 06:08
The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town facilities and parks no longer properly accommodate the townspeople now that the number of residents have increased so considerably.

(A) the number of residents have increased so considerably
= SV error; number is singular

(B) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased
= we do not have different groups of residents so using "numbers" is unwarranted

(C) the number of residents has increased so considerably

(D) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(E) the number of residents has been increasing considerably so
"-= ""considerable so" wrong
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Posts: 58340
Re: The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2019, 03:13
Bunuel wrote:
The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town facilities and parks no longer properly accommodate the townspeople now that the number of residents have increased so considerably.

(A) the number of residents have increased so considerably

(B) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(C) the number of residents has increased so considerably

(D) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(E) the number of residents has been increasing considerably so

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

C. the number of residents has increased so considerably

Eliminate Choices (B) and (D) because they pluralize numbers. There is a number of residents rather than numbers of them. Choice (A) has the singular form number, but incorrectly pairs it with the plural verb have. That leaves you with Choices (C) and (E), and Choice (E) unnecessarily adds been to the verb and creates an awkward construction by moving so after considerably. Choice (C) is the best answer.
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Re: The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2019, 04:52
Top Contributor
Quote:
The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town facilities and parks no longer properly accommodate the townspeople now that the number of residents have increased so considerably.

(A) the number of residents have increased so considerably

(B) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(C) the number of residents has increased so considerably

(D) the numbers of residents have so considerably increased

(E) the number of residents has been increasing considerably so

The right answer is C. The main concepts tested by this question are Subject Verb Agreement, and Tenses. It gets a whole lot easier once you identify that "the number of x" is always going to be singular since the focus of the subject is not 'x' but the concept of the number itself. This is not dissimilar to "The number on the scoreboard goes up every time they score" (note the singular 'goes')

Option A, B, D - These three options are all incorrect because they use the plural conjugation "have".

Option E - "has been increasing" is extremely awkward, and uses a perfect-continuous tense not tested on the GMAT. It is simply enough to say that the number "has increased", which is the current use of the present perfect tense (action in the past, reference point in the present).

The right answer is therefore C.
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Re: The town’s legislators heard arguments from the crowd about how town   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2019, 04:52
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