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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive

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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 22:50
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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive integers m and n. Is the units digit of s less than the units digit of m?

1) The units digit of s is less than the units digit of n
2) The tens digit of s is not equal to the sum of the tens digits of m and n.
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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 23:16
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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive integers m and n. Is the units digit of s less than the units digit of m?

AB
+
CD
__
EF

The question asks whether F < B.

The units digit of s (F) will be less than the units digit of m (B), or the units digit of n (D), if and only there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place. For example:
23
+
58
81

OR:
21
+
59
80

OR:
27
+
55
82



(1) The units digit of s is less than the units digit of n. F < D, hence there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place, thus F < B. Sufficient.

(2) The tens digit of s is not equal to the sum of the tens digits of m and n. This also implies that there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place, thus F < B. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 23:40
Bunuel wrote:
The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive integers m and n. Is the units digit of s less than the units digit of m?

AB
+
CD
__
EF

The question asks whether F < B.

The units digit of s (F) will be less than the units digit of m (B), or the units digit of n (D), if and only there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place. For example:
23
+
58
81

OR:
21
+
59
80

OR:
27
+
55
82



(1) The units digit of s is less than the units digit of n. F < D, hence there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place, thus F < B. Sufficient.

(2) The tens digit of s is not equal to the sum of the tens digits of m and n. This also implies that there is a carry over 1 from the units place to tens place, thus F < B. Sufficient.

Answer: D.


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Hope it helps.
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The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 May 2018, 07:25
1
Pls Note: This is the solution from Manhattan Advanced Quant book which has been slightly modified by me for simpler and better understanding.

Try out a few randomly-chosen numbers to help you understand the question.
If m = 10 and n = 10, then s = 20 and the units digits of m and s are equal.
If m = 11 and n = 12, then s = 23 and the units digit of s is greater than the units digit of m.
If m = 19 and n = 11, then s = 30 and the units digit of s is less than the units digit of m.

Basically, if the units digits of m and n are zero, then
the units digit of s will be equal to the units digit of m (and of n), i.e. zero.
If the units digits are very small i.e. say one is 5 or less and other is 4 or less and vice versa then the units digit of s is or greater than both m and n.

On the other hand, if the units digits of m and n are large enough to cause you to “carry over” a 1 to
the tens digit, then the units digit of s will end up being smaller than the units digit of m (and of n).

So the important point to note is will there be an aforesaid "carry over"? lets analyze these two statements in this context:-

(1) SUFFICIENT: If the units digit of s is definitely less than the units digits of one of the smaller
numbers, then the “carry over” situation must apply, in which case the units digits of both m and n
must be larger than the units digit of s.

(2) SUFFICIENT: There are only two ways in which the tens digit will not equal the tens digits of the
two smaller numbers:
Case 1: The tens digits of the two smaller numbers result in a number that needs to carry over into the
hundreds digit. This is impossible for this problem because s is also a two-digit number.
Case 2: The units digits of the two smaller numbers result in a number that carries over into the tens
digit. This must be what is happening in this case. If so, then the units digit of the larger number, s,
must be smaller than the units digits of the two smaller numbers, m and n.

The correct answer is (D).
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Originally posted by CAMANISHPARMAR on 20 May 2018, 04:54.
Last edited by CAMANISHPARMAR on 20 May 2018, 07:25, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 06:54
I had searched with "The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive" before posting but in vain.

Maybe the search engine of gmatclub needs to be improved.
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Re: The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 22:22
Krishaa12 wrote:
What about 70+10

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For which statement?

For (1) m + n = 70 + 10 = 80 = s, is not possible because (1) say that the units digit of s is less than the units digit of n, which does not hold for your example.

For (2) m + n = 70 + 10 = 80 = s, is not possible because (2) say that the tens digit of s is not equal to the sum of the tens digits of m and n., which does not hold for your example.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2018, 00:24
1) The units digit of s is less than the units digit of n

Unit digit of s is less than n then it is surely case of carry over.
Then definitely unit digit of m is greater than that of s
Sufficient


2) The tens digit of s is not equal to the sum of the tens digits of m and n.

Means carry over case, then in such cases resulting unit digit is less than two digits.
Means unit digit of s is less than both m and n

Sufficient

D is answer

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Re: The two-digit positive integer s is the sum of the two-digit positive &nbs [#permalink] 14 Jun 2018, 00:24
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