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# The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos

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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
3
Kudos
1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?
>> I need to understand the structure of the passage as whole
Pre-thinking :First problem discussed then one path and then another path

A) The author mentions a problem, and opposing solutions are then described.
>>True, the author mentions the problem in the end of 1st para. But the solutions mentioned in subsequent passages are not opposite to each other as “Another approach” mentioned in beginning of 3rd paragraph

B) The various factors that led to a problem are considered, and one factor is named the root cause.
>>yes one factor is named the root cause but we are more interested in structure of whole passage.
Root cause is only mentoned in the 3rd para.

C) A historical survey is made of an institution, followed by a discussion of the problem of management of the institution.
>>this is not discussed in passage

D) A problem is described, and two possibly compatible methods for reducing the problem are then outlined.- - CORRECT
>>yes matching to our prethinking analysis.

E) A description of a plan and the flaws of the plan are delineated.
>> plan is not the core of the passaged. Furthermore, flaws are not delineated( presented) but just has mentioned 2 approaches and description about these approaches.

2. The author is primarily concerned with
>> overall what the passage what to highlight
Pre-thinking :Approaches to the resolve the problem

A) analyzing the various problems that beset the NPS
>> the problem is one but solutions are discussed

B) summarizing the causes of deterioration of NPS properties
>> it is discussed in first passage but not in overall

C) criticizing the NPS’s maintenance of its properties
>> yes criticize but I want as a whole not restricted to one para

D) encouraging support for increased funding for the NPS
>> no such encouragement mentioned but author has given possible solution in one of the approach

E) discussing possible solutions for NPS properties’ deterioration- CORRECT
>> 2nd and 3rd para covers possible solutions and NPS properties’ deterioration in first para
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?

A) The author mentions a problem, and opposing solutions are then described. :-No opposing solution is described by author
B) The various factors that led to a problem are considered, and one factor is named the root cause.:-Author has mentioned a specific problem to the the root cause in last para only,
C) A historical survey is made of an institution, followed by a discussion of the problem of management of the institution.:-Management of institution is not discussed by author
D) A problem is described, and two possibly compatible methods for reducing the problem are then outlined. :- Correct
E) A description of a plan and the flaws of the plan are delineated.:-out of scope, no such plan is discussed

ANS- D

2. The author is primarily concerned with

A) analyzing the various problems that beset the NPS :-Incorrect, here problem related to properties discussed by Author
B) summarizing the causes of deterioration of NPS properties :-It only discussed in first para later Author has talked about solutions
C) criticizing the NPS’s maintenance of its properties :-Author has criticized the NPS only in first para not in whole pasage
D) encouraging support for increased funding for the NPS :-No such thing discussed in passage
E) discussing possible solutions for NPS properties’ deterioration :l- correct

Ans - E
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The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?

A) The author mentions a problem, and opposing solutions are then described.
=> The author mentions a problem but provides solutions to reduce the problem not oppose

B) The various factors that led to a problem are considered, and one factor is named the root cause.
=> Various factors have been discussed but no single cause has been pointed out as part of whole passage.

C) A historical survey is made of an institution, followed by a discussion of the problem of management of the institution.
=> Out of scope, nowhere discussed

D) A problem is described, and two possibly compatible methods for reducing the problem are then outlined.
=> CORRECT. The problem of parks, deteriorating condition, has been described and the last two paragraphs provide the solution to reduce that problem.

E) A description of a plan and the flaws of the plan are delineated.
=> Possible solutions have been described but not a plan.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. The author is primarily concerned with

A) analyzing the various problems that beset the NPS
=> The author is not analyzing the problems instead provides the solution to reduce the problem.

B) summarizing the causes of deterioration of NPS properties
=> Causes have been discussed but neither it is a summary nor it is the primary purpose, the primary purpose is to provide solutions

C) criticizing the NPS’s maintenance of its properties
=> Only once at the end of the first para and then probable solutions have been provided. Not the main idea

D) encouraging support for increased funding for the NPS
=> Not a primary purpose. It has been discussed in the passage to re-route the funding for a greater need and it has been only mentioned in the last line of the second passage

E) discussing possible solutions for NPS properties’ deterioration
=> CORRECT. Para 2 and para 3 discuss possible solutions for the deterioration mentioned in the first para. Covers the whole idea of the passage
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The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]

The first sentence of first paragraph says: "The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable position of being charged with two missions that are frequently at odds with one another."

I assumed "frequently at odds with one another" as support for option A.

Also, how are the two solutions "compatible" as mentioned in OA choice D?

Thank you!
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
gmatbalar wrote:

The first sentence of first paragraph says: "The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable position of being charged with two missions that are frequently at odds with one another."

I assumed "frequently at odds with one another" as support for option A.

Also, how are the two solutions "compatible" as mentioned in OA choice D?

Thank you!

Official Explanation

1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?

Difficulty Level: 550

Explanation

Let’s look at this first question: This question asks for the organization of the entire passage. Fortunately, you already have the passage structure in your notes, so there’s no need to go back to the passage itself to answer this question. The author begins by introducing a problem, then advances two potential solutions to that problem. The solutions are complementary, as the author states in line 11 that they can be undertaken “simultaneously.” Choice (D) matches this prediction and is the correct answer. If you weren’t sure about the answer, you could always eliminate incorrect answer choices by finding the specific faults they contain.

(A) cannot be correct because it calls the two solutions “opposing.”

(B) is incorrect because the focus of the passage is not on the “factors” leading to the problem but rather on solutions to the problem.

(C) is incorrect because the passage gives no “historical survey” of the National Park Service; the only bit of historical data given is the date of its founding (1916).

Finally, (E) is incorrect because the passage does not focus on the strengths and drawbacks of a single proposed plan of action; instead, it considers several different suggestions. Moreover, the passage never discusses the flaws of any of these possible solutions.

Choice (D) is correct.
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]

Official Explanation

1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?

Difficulty Level: 550

Explanation

Let’s look at this first question: This question asks for the organization of the entire passage. Fortunately, you already have the passage structure in your notes, so there’s no need to go back to the passage itself to answer this question. The author begins by introducing a problem, then advances two potential solutions to that problem. The solutions are complementary, as the author states in line 11 that they can be undertaken “simultaneously.” Choice (D) matches this prediction and is the correct answer. If you weren’t sure about the answer, you could always eliminate incorrect answer choices by finding the specific faults they contain.

(A) cannot be correct because it calls the two solutions “opposing.”

(B) is incorrect because the focus of the passage is not on the “factors” leading to the problem but rather on solutions to the problem.

(C) is incorrect because the passage gives no “historical survey” of the National Park Service; the only bit of historical data given is the date of its founding (1916).

Finally, (E) is incorrect because the passage does not focus on the strengths and drawbacks of a single proposed plan of action; instead, it considers several different suggestions. Moreover, the passage never discusses the flaws of any of these possible solutions.

Choice (D) is correct.

Thanks for the explanation. I can understand why D is correct but I'm unable to see why A is wrong. The answer choice says "opposing". The prompt says "frequently at odds". Need help understanding how option A is not supported by the passage.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
gmatbalar wrote:

Official Explanation

1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage as a whole?

Difficulty Level: 550

Explanation

Let’s look at this first question: This question asks for the organization of the entire passage. Fortunately, you already have the passage structure in your notes, so there’s no need to go back to the passage itself to answer this question. The author begins by introducing a problem, then advances two potential solutions to that problem. The solutions are complementary, as the author states in line 11 that they can be undertaken “simultaneously.” Choice (D) matches this prediction and is the correct answer. If you weren’t sure about the answer, you could always eliminate incorrect answer choices by finding the specific faults they contain.

(A) cannot be correct because it calls the two solutions “opposing.”

(B) is incorrect because the focus of the passage is not on the “factors” leading to the problem but rather on solutions to the problem.

(C) is incorrect because the passage gives no “historical survey” of the National Park Service; the only bit of historical data given is the date of its founding (1916).

Finally, (E) is incorrect because the passage does not focus on the strengths and drawbacks of a single proposed plan of action; instead, it considers several different suggestions. Moreover, the passage never discusses the flaws of any of these possible solutions.

Choice (D) is correct.

Thanks for the explanation. I can understand why D is correct but I'm unable to see why A is wrong. The answer choice says "opposing". The prompt says "frequently at odds". Need help understanding how option A is not supported by the passage.

Posted from my mobile device

Answer option (A) has a very weak connection with the passage, the real problem is "Opposing solution" as there is no opposing solution is presented in the passage. (A) is simply out of scope.
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
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Re: The United States National Park Service (NPS) is in the unenviable pos [#permalink]
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