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Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo

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Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 14:39
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 100, Date : 22-MAR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Moon. Some hypothesize that the Moon was formed in the same way as were the planets in the inner solar system (Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Earth)—from planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula. But, unlike the cores of the inner planets, the Moon's core contains little or no iron, while the typical planet-forming materials were quite rich in iron. Other theorists propose that the Moon was ripped out of the Earth's rocky mantle by the Earth's collision with another large celestial body after much of the Earth's iron fell to its core. One problem with the collision hypothesis is the question of how a satellite formed in this way could have settled into the nearly circular orbit that the Moon has today. Fortunately, the collision hypothesis is testable. If it is true, the mantle rocks of the Moon and the Earth should be the same geochemically.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) present two hypotheses concerning the origin of the Moon
(B) discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the collision hypothesis concerning the origin of the Moon
(C) propose that hypotheses concerning the Moon's origin be tested
(D) argue that the Moon could not have been formed out of the typical planet-forming materials of the presolar nebula
(E) describe one reason why the Moon's geochemical makeup should resemble that of the Earth

Spoiler: :: OA
A


2. According to the passage, Mars and the Earth are similar in which of the following ways?

I. Their satellites were formed by collisions with other celestial bodies.
II. Their cores contain iron.
III. They were formed from the presolar nebula.

(A) III only
(B) I and II only
(C) I and III only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

Spoiler: :: OA
D


3. The author implies that a nearly circular orbit is unlikely for a satellite that

(A) circles one of the inner planets
(B) is deficient in iron
(C) is different from its planet geochemically
(D) was formed by a collision between two celestial bodies
(E) was formed out of' the planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula

Spoiler: :: OA
D


4. Which of the following, if true, would be most likely to make it difficult to verify the collision hypothesis in the manner suggested by the author?

(A) The Moon's core and mantle rock are almost inactive geologically.
(B) The mantle rock of the Earth has changed in composition since the formation of the Moon, while the mantle rock of the Moon has remained chemically inert.
(C) Much of the Earth's iron fell to the Earth's core long before the formation of the Moon, after which the Earth's mantle rock remained unchanged.
(D) Certain of the Earth's elements, such as platinum, gold, and iridium, followed iron to the Earth's core.
(E) The mantle rock of the Moon contains elements such as platinum, gold, and iridium.

Spoiler: :: OA
B



Source: GRE Official Material
Difficulty Level: 550

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Re: Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2019, 11:45
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New post 08 Apr 2019, 00:36
Explain kindly question 4 why the answer is B and not C

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Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 10:36
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 100, Date : 22-MAR-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Moon. Some hypothesize that the Moon was formed in the same way as were the planets in the inner solar system (Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Earth)—from planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula. But, unlike the cores of the inner planets, the Moon's core contains little or no iron, while the typical planet-forming materials were quite rich in iron. Other theorists propose that the Moon was ripped out of the Earth's rocky mantle by the Earth's collision with another large celestial body after much of the Earth's iron fell to its core. One problem with the collision hypothesis is the question of how a satellite formed in this way could have settled into the nearly circular orbit that the Moon has today. Fortunately, the collision hypothesis is testable. If it is true, the mantle rocks of the Moon and the Earth should be the same geochemically.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) present two hypotheses concerning the origin of the Moon
(B) discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the collision hypothesis concerning the origin of the Moon
(C) propose that hypotheses concerning the Moon's origin be tested
(D) argue that the Moon could not have been formed out of the typical planet-forming materials of the presolar nebula
(E) describe one reason why the Moon's geochemical makeup should resemble that of the Earth

Spoiler: :: OA
A


2. According to the passage, Mars and the Earth are similar in which of the following ways?

I. Their satellites were formed by collisions with other celestial bodies.
II. Their cores contain iron.
III. They were formed from the presolar nebula.

(A) III only
(B) I and II only
(C) I and III only
(D) II and III only
(E) I, II, and III

Spoiler: :: OA
D


3. The author implies that a nearly circular orbit is unlikely for a satellite that

(A) circles one of the inner planets
(B) is deficient in iron
(C) is different from its planet geochemically
(D) was formed by a collision between two celestial bodies
(E) was formed out of' the planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula

Spoiler: :: OA
D


4. Which of the following, if true, would be most likely to make it difficult to verify the collision hypothesis in the manner suggested by the author?

(A) The Moon's core and mantle rock are almost inactive geologically.
(B) The mantle rock of the Earth has changed in composition since the formation of the Moon, while the mantle rock of the Moon has remained chemically inert.
(C) Much of the Earth's iron fell to the Earth's core long before the formation of the Moon, after which the Earth's mantle rock remained unchanged.
(D) Certain of the Earth's elements, such as platinum, gold, and iridium, followed iron to the Earth's core.
(E) The mantle rock of the Moon contains elements such as platinum, gold, and iridium.

Spoiler: :: OA
B



Source: GRE Official Material
Difficulty Level: 550


1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
Clearly A is the answer. No confusion here. The passage presents the two hypothesis and extends them a bit.

2. According to the passage, Mars and the Earth are similar in which of the following ways?
Its clearly mentioned in the passage that the inner planets have cores rich in iron and that they were formed from planet-forming materials in the presolar nebula. Hence, II and III are right. D is the answer.

3. The author implies that a nearly circular orbit is unlikely for a satellite that
From the passage, "One problem with the collision hypothesis is the question of how a satellite formed in this way could have settled into the nearly circular orbit that the Moon has today."
D is the answer.

4. Which of the following, if true, would be most likely to make it difficult to verify the collision hypothesis in the manner suggested by the author?
From the passage, "... the mantle rocks of the Moon and the Earth should be the same geochemically."
(B) The mantle rock of the Earth has changed in composition since the formation of the Moon, while the mantle rock of the Moon has remained chemically inert. - Shows differentiating feature of Earth's mantle and that of the Moon, hence directly weakening the point from the passage.
B is the answer
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Re: Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2019, 21:40
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P1: To discuss different theories on the formation of the moon
Purpose (tone): discussion + positive toward testability of second theory

1. A is a direct summary of the passage map
2. B Process of eliminate. All info contained in first couple of sentences
3. Comprehension of collision theory helps find that D is the answer
4. Theory 2 is only testable if the mantle rocks of the Moon and the Earth can be tested. Answer choice B shows that this is pointless.
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Re: Theorists are divided concerning the origin of the Mo   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2019, 21:40
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