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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu

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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 18:03
1
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

forming and laid are not parallel

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 13:01
1
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on parallelism! Let's start off by looking at the original sentence, and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

Since we are dealing with parallelism, let's focus on that. To start, let's ask ourselves: what are the items being listed?

1. forming bricks from mud or clay
AND
2. laying them in the wall in mud mortar

Both items MUST be worded similarly, using parallel verb tenses, phrasing, or structure. Let's see which options use parallel structure, and rule out the ones that don't:

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid --> NOT PARALLEL
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them --> NOT PARALLEL
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid --> NOT PARALLEL
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them --> PARALLEL
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid --> NOT PARALLEL
(*For option E to be parallel, it would have to say "the bricks were laid" to keep things even!)

Well, there you have it - option D is the only one that uses parallel structure for both listed items!


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New post 24 Apr 2019, 23:22
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EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on parallelism! Let's start off by looking at the original sentence, and highlight any major differences between the options in orange:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

Since we are dealing with parallelism, let's focus on that. To start, let's ask ourselves: what are the items being listed?

1. forming bricks from mud or clay
AND
2. laying them in the wall in mud mortar

Both items MUST be worded similarly, using parallel verb tenses, phrasing, or structure. Let's see which options use parallel structure, and rule out the ones that don't:

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid --> NOT PARALLEL
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them --> NOT PARALLEL
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid --> NOT PARALLEL
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them --> PARALLEL
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid --> NOT PARALLEL
(*For option E to be parallel, it would have to say "the bricks were laid" to keep things even!)

Well, there you have it - option D is the only one that uses parallel structure for both listed items!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.


1. i think option E which usage itself is wrong , not as you mentioned, as the which conveys clay or mud were laid (correct me if i am wrong)
2. whether "has been the forming of bricks" in option A is correct usage,

wont " the most extensively used method has been forming of bricks " is more correct than,
simply is the usage of "the" is correct? ie usage of the before verb/present participle ( here forming is verb or present participle that i dont know,)
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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 05:40
AjiteshArun generis VeritasKarishma chetan2u
Quote:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

Quote:
to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

I had a different approach to solve this and would like to validate the same.
I used - to build - in non-underlined portion to check parallelism with
-to form and -to lay them
Is this correct?
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 06:08
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adkikani wrote:
AjiteshArun generis VeritasKarishma chetan2u
Quote:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

Quote:
to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

I had a different approach to solve this and would like to validate the same.
I used - to build - in non-underlined portion to check parallelism with
-to form and -to lay them
Is this correct?



Hi..

The nonunderlined portion contains a different clause, so you cannot compare or look for parallelism between to build and other two terms. The parallelism has to be between to form and to lay.
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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 06:22
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adkikani wrote:
AjiteshArun generis VeritasKarishma chetan2u
Quote:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

Quote:
to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

I had a different approach to solve this and would like to validate the same.
I used - to build - in non-underlined portion to check parallelism with
-to form and -to lay them
Is this correct?
I agree with chetan2u. In the way to build walls is X and Y, we should not look to make the X and Y parallel to to build (although, if I remember correctly, the official explanation tries to do just that).
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 16:57
lengoctuan wrote:
I've read the explaination of the below question, but I still don't understand it. If D is the correct answer, the sentence will look like this:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just
mud or clay, but the most extensively used method
has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
to lay them
in the wall in mud mortar.

Is the phrase "has been to form" correct? I think after "has been" should be a participle verb, shouldn't it?

Please help me crack this question!

Thanks,

Tuan.


=======================================================================
Question & explaination
11. There are several ways to build solid walls using just
mud or clay, but the most extensively used method
has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay,
and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

(A) the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and,
after some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
they are laid

(B) forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
to lay them

(C) having bricks formed from mud or clay, and,
after some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
they were laid

(D) to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying,
to lay them

(E) that bricks were formed from mud or clay,
which, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, were laid

Parallelism; Verb form
The purpose of the sentence is to describe the
historically most popular method of building
walls. Th e fi rst clause announces this topic and
the second clause describes the particular method.
The clearest, most effi cient way to accomplish
these two pieces of business is to use a parallel
structure. Th e ways to build in the fi rst clause is
narrowed to the single way to form and to lay in
the second clause. Th ere is no need to alternate
the verb phrases between active and passive voice
or to shift tenses.
A The active gerund phrase the forming of bricks
does not fi t with the passive verb phrase that
follows (they are laid).
B The verb phrases forming the mud … and to
lay them are not parallel.
C In addition to faulty parallelism between
having bricks formed and they were laid, the
tense in the second half of the sentence
unaccountably shifts from present to past.
D Correct. The phrases to form and to lay in
the second clause are parallel to to build in
the first clause.
E The relative clause beginning with which
apparently (but nonsensically) describes the
closest nouns, mud or clay, rather than bricks.


Dear team,

Even I have the same doubt. Has been is present perfect continuous and should be followed by Verb+ing, but here correct answer is "to form....to lay them. Kindly suggest.
GMATNinja generis egmat VeritasKarishma EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Thanks in advance
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 21:27
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priyanshu14 wrote:
Dear team,

Even I have the same doubt. Has been is present perfect continuous and should be followed by Verb+ing, but here correct answer is "to form....to lay them. Kindly suggest.
GMATNinja generis egmat VeritasKarishma EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Thanks in advance
The verb there is has been itself (nothing else), so we are looking at a present perfect (not present perfect continuous) verb. The to form and to lay are infinitives, which are verb forms. It may be better not to think of them as verbs at all. Instead, look at that part of the sentence like this:

The way has been A and B.

The way has been (to form) and (to lay).
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, bu   [#permalink] 26 Jun 2019, 21:27

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