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Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical

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Senior Manager
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Joined: 29 Oct 2016
Posts: 251
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 620 Q50 V24
GRE 1: Q167 V147
Re: Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2017, 07:01
abhimahna wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
For the posted argument, I feel E is more accurate.

abhimahna,

Since you added the OA, can you explain C over E.


Note: The discussion on the thread is different from the question posted on the thread.


Yes, answer must be E. I am not sure how I marked C, but I have correct the answer now.

May be I got confused because of this:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/through-thei ... l#p1106878

Someone has merged two different questions wrongly, the main reason of confusion.


SO is it E,the correct option for the original question under this thread?
Not C as mentioned in the different question getting mentioned by voodoochild

ps the answer in the spoiler is still (C)
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Re: Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2018, 21:55
netcaesar wrote:
Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical companies exert too much influence upon medical research in universities. Only research proposals promising lucrative results are given serious consideration, and funding is usually awarded to scientists at large institutions who already have vast research experience. As a result, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities, and graduate students will learn that their future research must conform to the expectations of the corporation. Research will continue to be conducted at the expense of human welfare.

The reasoning of the argument above depends upon which of the following assumptions?

As universities become primarily research institutions, teaching will be neglected.
Graduate students are not motivated by humane interests.
Smaller universities would be better suited to serve as product development laboratories for pharmaceutical companies.
Medical research should be funded by government-regulated foundations.
The interests of pharmaceutical companies and human welfare are usually incompatible in research.


Official Explanation::


This is a Weaken question because it asks for a rebuttal. The author is arguing that pharmaceutical companies have too much influence on university medical research, ultimately concluding that research will continue to be conducted at the expense of human welfare. As evidence, the author reveals a few downsides: Most of the time, only projects that promise profitable results are considered, and only scientists with lots of experience at large universities get funding. However, the author completely overlooks any benefit to the funding, assuming that any benefits are minimal or outweighed by the negatives. As a rebuttal, the pharmaceutical companies can show why their funding is so important or beneficial in the first place.

(C) is correct, as it provides a substantial benefit. Without these companies' funding, very little research would get done. In that case, it's better to have selective funding than nothing.

(A) doesn't weaken the argument because the companies are concerned with a project's potential profitability, so some actual failures are okay.

(B) doesn't weaken the argument because the author is concerned with which projectsare being funded, not which students.

(D) is irrelevant. The lack of a better solution doesn't change the author's point that the current system is broken.

(E) misses the author's point: only research of the type large universities can carry on is getting funded, and other types of research should be funded but aren't.

TAKEAWAY: When an author wants to dismiss something and only talks about the disadvantages, consider any overlooked benefits that would compensate for the negatives.
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Ankit
Target Score:730+

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Re: Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jul 2018, 21:55

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