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#Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution

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#Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2015, 22:12
1
17
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A
B
C
D
E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (01:30) correct 67% (01:42) wrong based on 468 sessions

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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

B. Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions.

C. For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages.

D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations.

E. The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions.

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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2015, 11:04
I went with D. But understand why A is correct.

The statement is a conditional statement: Being decentralized (i.e. divisions function autonomously) is the necessary condition that permit realistic planning (the sufficient condition).

A valid inference is: when necessary condition doesn't occur, sufficient condition cannot occur. Answer choice A follows that pattern.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 11:10
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Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously.
This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation,
since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design.
Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

B. Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions..............out of scope since this is new and generalized info

C. For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages............disadvantages are not mentioned in the argument.

D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations............responsibility of central admin is not mentioned

E. The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions............always is extreme and this is an inference question.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2016, 21:06
1
Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution to function autonomously. This always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation, since the people responsible for decision making are directly involved in implementing the policies they design. Decentralization also permits the central administration to focus on institution-wide issues without being overwhelmed by the details of daily operations.

The statements above most strongly support which one of the following?

A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.

to function autonomously => you need decentralization in large institution =>
some realistic planning is there in centralised institution=> (do not function autonomously) => but that is not maximised as there is still scope of some by centralisation.


D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. :- We don't know how many large institutions are centralised and how many decentralised. We already know that in case of decentralisation, daily operation responsibility has been shifted. (most or less) we can't infer from the argument. They are not just overwhelming anymore. Also "details of daily operations" is very vague. who owns the responsibility not clear.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 09:26
A. In large institutions whose divisions do not function autonomously, planning is not maximally realistic.
- As argument says that - " This(decentralization) always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation"
So if any large institution does not fution autonomously, then there is not maximally realistic planning.


B. Innovation is not always encouraged in large centralized institutions. - This cannot be proved from above argument.

C. For large institutions the advantages of decentralization outweigh its disadvantages. - Argument does not mention any disadvantages of decentralization.
D. The central administrations of large institutions are usually partially responsible for most of the details of daily operations. - partially responsible ???? duhhhhh Wrong!!!

E. The people directly involved in implementing policies are always able to make innovative and realistic policy decisions. - This cannot be proved from above argument, because there may be people who are part of implementing policies but does not make innovative and realistic policy decision.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 13:53
D is a trap, because we do not know how daily operations affect large centralized institutions.
A looks wrong, but it is correct b/c centralized is less realistic than decentralized institutions. => it is not maximally realistic.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 04:06
A

The rest of the answer choices cannot be deduced from the premises without having to add further assumptions
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Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2017, 01:28
What is wrong with choice E ?
We have in the premise that decentralization always permits more realistic planning and strongly encourages innovation,since the people responsible for decision making are
directly involved in implementing the policies they design.

Also, in choice a, we don't know anything about institutions who do not function autonomously. All, we know that decentralization ensbles autonomous function and this helps in more realistic planning.
Re: #Top150 CR: Decentralization enables divisions of a large institution &nbs [#permalink] 20 Dec 2017, 01:28
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