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#Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the

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#Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2015, 01:48
Major changes in consumer habits will help to provide a solution to environmental problem.
Economically enticing changes will bring about major changes in consumer habits

Conclusion: Few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing. --> Few serious problems will be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

For the conclusion to hold true, we must assume that serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

Negating E - Few serious ecological problems cannot be solved by major changes in consumer habits. This shatters the conclusion.

In my opinion, answer is E

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2015, 02:49
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.


I belive C should be the correct as it kind of tells us that it is possible to entice public at large

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 14:34
souvik101990 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.


Not sure why D is incorrect? Its between A and D, but what are the reasons to eliminate D? - usage of Most? environmental instead of ecological? or major?

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 14:34
souvik101990 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.


Not sure why D is incorrect? Its between A and D, but what are the reasons to eliminate D? - usage of Most? environmental instead of ecological? or major?

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2016, 13:15
[quote=]

Not sure why D is incorrect? Its between A and D, but what are the reasons to eliminate D? - usage of Most? environmental instead of ecological? or major?

[/quote]

Yes, D is talking about major ecological problems...

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2016, 11:25
Can anyone please explain why C is incorrect ?

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2016, 11:52
Conclusion: Very few problems can be solved if the solutions are not made economically enticing.
Option C: Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing. - This means that most of the ecological problems will be solved. Conclusion says only few ecological problems can be solved in the current scenario. Option C is against the conclusion. Hence it's incorrect.

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#Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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dineshnaidu2410 wrote:
Can anyone please explain why C is incorrect ?


dina98 wrote:
[quote=]

Not sure why D is incorrect? Its between A and D, but what are the reasons to eliminate D? - usage of Most? environmental instead of ecological? or major?



The cause and effect structure of the argument is as follows:

Premise: Changes are economically enticing (X)------causes----> Major changes in consumer behavior occur (Y) ----------causes---------------> Environment problem (not caused by government mismanagement) is solved (Z)

Premise: (X) causes (Y) which in turn causes (Z).

Conclusion: Few environment problems will be solved unless the change is economically enticing.
i.e., Many environment problems will be solved if the change is economically enticing. [This deduction is the most important step in solving this problem]


i.e. economically enticing changes (X) happen -----causes------> environment problems solved (Z), many in numbers.

This also implies that there must be only a few problems that are the result of government mismanagement because those few problems caused by government mismanagement would not be solved by economically enticing changes. If there were many problems caused by government mismanagement, then economically enticing changes would NOT solve many problems.

Hence A is the correct answer.

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2016, 16:08
slight confusion between choices a and d

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2016, 09:44
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rhine29388 wrote:
slight confusion between choices a and d


There are 2 types of environmental problems:
Type 1. Problems NOT caused by government mismanagement.
Type 2. Problems caused by government mismanagement.

The core of the argument deals with solving Type 1 problems, problems that are NOT caused by government mismanagement.

Many problems (of Type 1) will be solved if there are economically enticing changes, implying that there are a few Type 2 problems, problems that resulted from government mismanagement.

Why B is wrong?

Now whether those few type 2 problems are economically feasible is not relevant to the core of the argument because the argument deals with solving the type 1 problems.

Therefore B can be eliminated.

Why D is wrong?

As for D, it is not required to assume whether the type 1 problems are majorly serious not. Negate the option D: most of type 1 problems are not major. yet the argument does not breakdown. It is still possible to solve many environmental problem by economically enticing changes even though they are les than 50% of all type 1 problem.

Since negating the option D does not break down the argument, D is not the correct option.

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 21:13
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please help with this.

thanks

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Re: #Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2017, 15:22
this question looks unintelligible ans absurd, but it is quite easy.
Here is the pattern to learn for test takers:

If the solutions are made economically enticing, then major changes in consumer habits will occur, -> leading to solution for any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement (1)

If the solutions are made economically enticing, serious ecological problems will be solved (2)

combine the two, we have the answer A.

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#Top150 CR: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2017, 18:10
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

---



Solution to EP (not the result of Gov mismgmt) <--- Major changes in consumer habits <----iff--- changes economically enticing.

Conclusion: Few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

Possible assumptions:

1. EP (not the result of Gov mismgmt) forms a huge chunk of serious ecological problems.
2. The changes have no adverse effect on the environment
3. Consumers are open to change


A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

-> This is just the other way of saying that EP (not the result of Gov mismgmt) forms a huge chunk of the environmental problems.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

-> Irrelevant.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

-> This is just the opposite of what is mentioned in the argument. The argument says that if the changes are economically enticing, then they can trigger major changes in the consumer habits. Moreover, this does not help derive an assumption for the conclusion.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

-> Can be proved wrong mathematically.
Say, the country has 100 ecological problems and out of those 100, 10 are not the result of government mismanagement. Let's assume that 50% of all the ecological problems are serious. Therefore, there are 50 serious ecological problems and of those 50 only 5 are not the result of government mismanagement. Even if all these 5 problems are solved by major changes in the consumer habit, the solution fails to make a bigger impact because there are 45 other serious environmental problems which are out of scope of the solution provided in the argument

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

-> This option, at best, weakens the conclusion.


Thus, option A.





Trying the same with the negation test.

Solution to EP (not the result of Gov mismgmt) <--- Major changes in consumer habits <----iff--- changes economically enticing.

Conclusion: Few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

Negate: A LOT of serious ecological problems are the result of the government mismanagement.

If this statement were true, then it breaks the conclusion because the conclusion has latched itself to the belief that if the solutions are made economically enticing, then a lot of serious ecological problems will be solved. Thus, the option is an assumption.

B. No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

Negate: SOME environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.

Even if some are economically feasible, the fact doesn't affect the conclusion. Thus, the option is not an assumption.

C. Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.

Negate: Major changes in consumer habits can NOT be made economically enticing.

If the changes are economically enticing, then major changes can be made in the consumer habits. 'Major changes in consumer habits' is dependent on whether the changes are economically enticing or not. Whether the changes that have been made in the consumer behavior can be made economically enticing or not doesn't help us derive an assumption for the argument.

D. Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

Negate: NOT MORE THAN HALF environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.

If the number of problems that are not the result of government mismanagement is 90/100 and fewer than 45 (out of those 90) are major ecological problems, then sure the conclusion is true. Such an example will strengthen the conclusion. Therefore, this option is not an assumption.

E. Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

Negate: A LOT of the serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

This helps the argument stay. Therefore, the option is not an assumption.



egmat Is the use of 'A lot' as the logical opposite of 'Few' correct?

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