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# With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola

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With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 02:31
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:16) correct 15% (01:33) wrong based on 242 sessions

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With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go from continuous sunlight to continuous darkness in its 84-year cycle.

(A) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go

(B) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibiting extreme seasons, because hemispheres went

(C) Uranus has a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, exhibiting extreme seasons, and the hemispheres went

(D) Uranus’s rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, it exhibits extreme seasons, with hemispheres going

(E) As a consequence of a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibited extreme seasons, such as the hemispheres going

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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 05:09
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With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go from continuous sunlight to continuous darkness in its 84-year cycle.

(A) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go ---- correct choice; colon amply describes the extreme seasons.

(B) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibiting extreme seasons because hemispheres went --- past tense is wrong

(C) Uranus has a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, exhibiting extreme seasons, and the hemispheres went --- past tense is wrong

(D) Uranus’s rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, it exhibits extreme seasons, with hemispheres going --- it' refers to the axis; this is wrong meaning

(E) As a consequence of a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibited extreme seasons, such as the hemispheres going ---- past tense is wrong
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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 07:18
With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go from continuous sunlight to continuous darkness in its 84-year cycle.

(A) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibits extreme seasons: hemispheres go
CORRECT
(B) With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibiting extreme seasons, because hemispheres went
Run on. No clear meaning
(C) Uranus has a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, exhibiting extreme seasons, and the hemispheres went
Incorrect use of AND & Modifier
(D) Uranus’s rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, it exhibits extreme seasons, with hemispheres going
What is the antecedent of IT
(E) As a consequence of a rotational axis that is tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System, Uranus exhibited extreme seasons, such as the hemispheres going
Incorrect use of Simple past since author is talking about Truth
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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 01:47
daagh
In A, with + noun + past-participle is still correct in this question.
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With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 19:17

Official Explanation:

this question contains a "Case II" use of the "with" + [noun] + [participle] structure, additional description. The participle following "with" is not an action word: it merely paints a picture, describes the appearance of the planet Uranus. This is 100% acceptable, so we can't eliminate anything on the basis of this split.

The sentence is radically reorganized on each choice, so we have to analyze each choice separately.

(A) "with"-phrase, comma, independent clause, colon, independent clause. = that's a grammatically correct organization of a sentence, and there are no errors; this choice is promising.

(B) "with"-phrase, comma, independent clause, "because" + [subordinate clause] = this organization is grammatically acceptable; however, the independent clause "Uranus' seasons exhibit extremeness" is an extremely indirect and awkward way of saying "Uranus exhibits extreme seasons". Further, "nearly tilted parallel" changes the meaning of the initial sentence: "nearly tilted parallel" means that the axis is almost tilted, while "tilted nearly parallel" means the axis is tilted such that it is almost parallel to a plane. Because of the change in meaning and awkward phrasing, B is wrong.

(C) has two independent clauses ("Uranus has... Solar System" and "it exhibits extreme seasons...") separated by a comma — this is a run-on sentence and is, therefore, incorrect.

(D) [absolute phrase], comma, [short independent clause], comma, "with"-phrase = this could be a grammatically acceptable organization, but the antecedent of the pronoun "it" is "Uranus's," which is in the possessive. The "with"-clause at the end is arguably the acceptable kind discussed in this blog, but the very short independent clause, following by a much longer "with"-phrase, is awkward. This is wrong.

(E) [prepositional phrases][noun modifying clause], comma, [independent clause], comma, [subordinate clause] = this could be a grammatically acceptable organization, but the verb tense "exhibited," past tense, is wrong. Also, the description of the hemispheres explains what is meant by "extreme seasons," but it's not an example of "extreme seasons;" the latter is what the construction "such that" implies. Finally, this is excessively wordy. This is wrong.

The only possible answer is (A).
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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2019, 13:57

with + [noun] + [participle] on GMAT Sentence Correction

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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 19:38
I want to point out a question against option A.
How can you connect two independent sentences with colon?
I think semi-colon instead of colon is grammatically correct. Am I wrong?
Perhaps, punctuation mark is not tested here.

aragonn wrote:
this question contains a "Case II" use of the "with" + [noun] + [participle] structure, additional description. The participle following "with" is not an action word: it merely paints a picture, describes the appearance of the planet Uranus. This is 100% acceptable, so we can't eliminate anything on the basis of this split.

The sentence is radically reorganized on each choice, so we have to analyze each choice separately.

(A) "with"-phrase, comma, independent clause, colon, independent clause. = that's a grammatically correct organization of a sentence, and there are no errors; this choice is promising.

(B) "with"-phrase, comma, independent clause, "because" + [subordinate clause] = this organization is grammatically acceptable; however, the independent clause "Uranus' seasons exhibit extremeness" is an extremely indirect and awkward way of saying "Uranus exhibits extreme seasons". Further, "nearly tilted parallel" changes the meaning of the initial sentence: "nearly tilted parallel" means that the axis is almost tilted, while "tilted nearly parallel" means the axis is tilted such that it is almost parallel to a plane. Because of the change in meaning and awkward phrasing, B is wrong.

(C) has two independent clauses ("Uranus has... Solar System" and "it exhibits extreme seasons...") separated by a comma — this is a run-on sentence and is, therefore, incorrect.

(D) [absolute phrase], comma, [short independent clause], comma, "with"-phrase = this could be a grammatically acceptable organization, but the antecedent of the pronoun "it" is "Uranus's," which is in the possessive. The "with"-clause at the end is arguably the acceptable kind discussed in this blog, but the very short independent clause, following by a much longer "with"-phrase, is awkward. This is wrong.

(E) [prepositional phrases][noun modifying clause], comma, [independent clause], comma, [subordinate clause] = this could be a grammatically acceptable organization, but the verb tense "exhibited," past tense, is wrong. Also, the description of the hemispheres explains what is meant by "extreme seasons," but it's not an example of "extreme seasons;" the latter is what the construction "such that" implies. Finally, this is excessively wordy. This is wrong.

The only possible answer is (A).
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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 21:01
gvij2017 - left clause is not an independent clause. it is just a clause as it has no verb. here is the test for it. hope it will be helpful.

Quote:
With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System

Here only 'tilted' can be the verb. let see if it is a verb of modifier. Ask your self this question. Is 'a rotational axis' main action at any point in life time is 'tilted'. Axis never tilted it self. ofcourse no. so this is just working as -ed modifier.
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Re: With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 21:17
What I understood from option a is as below.

Modifier, Uranus(subject) exhibits (verb).....: hemispheres (subject) go (verb).......
Now, my question is that isn't it example of two sentences joined by colon?

aragonn wrote:
gvij2017 - left clause is not an independent clause. it is just a clause as it has no verb. here is the test for it. hope it will be helpful.

Quote:
With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Solar System

Here only 'tilted' can be the verb. let see if it is a verb of modifier. Ask your self this question. Is 'a rotational axis' main action at any point in life time is 'tilted'. Axis never tilted it self. ofcourse no. so this is just working as -ed modifier.
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With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 21:33
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my bad I didn't see that part. here are the rules you need for colon.

- Colon ( : ) - A colon is used to provide more details. It can only be used after a complete sentence: Ex - Wrong: She got the present: she wanted a pony. Correct: She got the present she wanted: a pony. Ex 2 - He got what he worked for: a promotion that paid a higher wage.
- Avoid using a colon before a list if it directly follows a verb or preposition that would ordinarily need no punctuation in that sentence. Ex - wrong - I want: butter, sugar, and flour.
- A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence. Ex - He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.
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Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
With a rotational axis tilted nearly parallel to the plane of the Sola   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2019, 21:33
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