GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 24 Feb 2020, 04:34 ### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager  Status: swimming against the current
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 133
Location: Chennai, India
Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

6
22 00:00

Difficulty:   65% (hard)

Question Stats: 67% (02:17) correct 33% (02:55) wrong based on 338 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR, where T is the point on PR. If PQ = 3cm and QR = 6cm. Find QT

A. 3/5
B. $$6\sqrt{5}$$
C. $$\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$
D. 4
E. None

Originally posted by mailnavin1 on 12 Dec 2010, 05:28.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 May 2014, 09:09, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61439

### Show Tags

7
3
mailnavin1 wrote:
Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR, where T is the point on PR. If PQ = 3cm and QR = 6cm. Find QT

1. 3/5
2. 6\sqrt{5}
3. 6/\sqrt{5}
4. 4
5. None

Look at the diagram:
Attachment: untitled.PNG [ 5.73 KiB | Viewed 59953 times ]

You can solve this question using the fact that: perpendicular to the hypotenuse will always divide the triangle into two triangles with the same properties as the original triangle, which means that all 3 triangles PQT, QRT and PRQ are similar. Now, as in similar triangles, corresponding sides are all in the same proportion then QT/QR=PQ/PR, as $$PR=\sqrt{3^2+6^2}=\sqrt{45}=3\sqrt{5}$$ then $$\frac{QT}{6}=\frac{3}{3\sqrt{5}}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

Or you can equate the area: $$area_{PQR}=\frac{1}{2}*PQ*QR=\frac{1}{2}*QT*PR$$ --> the same here: $$PR=3\sqrt{5}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

_________________
##### General Discussion
Director  Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 600

### Show Tags

1
Find the hypotenuse by using the Pythagorean theorem.

$$3^2 + 6 ^2 = 3\sqrt{5}$$

Area of the right angled triangle = $$\frac{1}{2}*base*height$$

$$\frac{1}{2}*QR*PQ$$

Above can be equated with $$\frac{1}{2}*PR*QT$$

and QT can be found easily
Manager  Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 144

### Show Tags

Hi Bunuel, I have a small doubt regarding similarity of triangles. Could you please explain the concept in little more detail or point me to a place where i can learn the concept.

eg lets say same diagram except now QT = 4 , PT = 3 .....we have to find TR = ?

Could you please explain this ?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61439

### Show Tags

ajit257 wrote:
Hi Bunuel, I have a small doubt regarding similarity of triangles. Could you please explain the concept in little more detail or point me to a place where i can learn the concept.

eg lets say same diagram except now QT = 4 , PT = 3 .....we have to find TR = ?

Could you please explain this ?

If QT=4 and PT=3 --> corresponding legs in QTR and in PTQ are in the same ratio: TR/QT=QT/PT --> TR=16/3.

You can use area equation approach if you are not comfortable with similarity.
_________________
Intern  Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 5

### Show Tags

Bunuel ,on your comment , corresponding legs in QTR and in PTQ are in the same ratio: TR/QT=QT/PT --> TR=16/3. When I list out propertions, its coming TR=TP, Can you explain wat did I do wrong? Thanks!
Manager  Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 191
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47

### Show Tags

ajit257 wrote:
Hi Bunuel, I have a small doubt regarding similarity of triangles. Could you please explain the concept in little more detail or point me to a place where i can learn the concept.

eg lets say same diagram except now QT = 4 , PT = 3 .....we have to find TR = ?

Could you please explain this ?

You might want to refer to this, i found it very comprehensive, like a high school chapter http://www.nos.org/Secmathcour/eng/ch-17.pdf
Retired Moderator B
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1207
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology

### Show Tags

1/2 * QT * PR = 1/2 * PQ * QR

QT = 18/root(45) = 6/root(5)

_________________
Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings
Manager  Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 224

### Show Tags

Bunuel wrote:
mailnavin1 wrote:
Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR, where T is the point on PR. If PQ = 3cm and QR = 6cm. Find QT

1. 3/5
2. 6\sqrt{5}
3. 6/\sqrt{5}
4. 4
5. None

Look at the diagram:
Attachment:
untitled.PNG

You can solve this question using the fact that: perpendicular to the hypotenuse will always divide the triangle into two triangles with the same properties as the original triangle, which means that all 3 triangles PQT, QRT and PRQ are similar. Now, as in similar triangles, corresponding sides are all in the same proportion then QT/QR=PQ/PR, as $$PR=\sqrt{3^2+6^2}=\sqrt{45}=3\sqrt{5}$$ then $$\frac{QT}{6}=\frac{3}{3\sqrt{5}}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

Or you can equate the area: $$area_{PQR}=\frac{1}{2}*PQ*QR=\frac{1}{2}*QT*PR$$ --> the same here: $$PR=3\sqrt{5}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

Hi Bunuel,

I'm a little confused here. let me try to explain:

If I equate the ratios:

I get: QT/6 = 5/3Root5
I'm equating the ratios as such: the height of the QTR over the height of the the main triangle which equals, the hypotenuse of QTR to the hypotenuse of the main, which i 3 Root 5.

Can you please clarify what the ratios actually are(height of one vs. base of another etc). It's a little confusing since the variables are repeated between the 3 triangles. My worry comes in because if I did this same ratio and I equated it to QTP, i would've gotten a completely different answer. I'm surely doing something wrong -- perhaps in how i'm setting up the ratios?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61439

### Show Tags

russ9 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
mailnavin1 wrote:
Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR, where T is the point on PR. If PQ = 3cm and QR = 6cm. Find QT

1. 3/5
2. 6\sqrt{5}
3. 6/\sqrt{5}
4. 4
5. None

Look at the diagram:
Attachment:
untitled.PNG

You can solve this question using the fact that: perpendicular to the hypotenuse will always divide the triangle into two triangles with the same properties as the original triangle, which means that all 3 triangles PQT, QRT and PRQ are similar. Now, as in similar triangles, corresponding sides are all in the same proportion then QT/QR=PQ/PR, as $$PR=\sqrt{3^2+6^2}=\sqrt{45}=3\sqrt{5}$$ then $$\frac{QT}{6}=\frac{3}{3\sqrt{5}}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

Or you can equate the area: $$area_{PQR}=\frac{1}{2}*PQ*QR=\frac{1}{2}*QT*PR$$ --> the same here: $$PR=3\sqrt{5}$$ --> $$QT=\frac{6}{\sqrt{5}}$$.

Hi Bunuel,

I'm a little confused here. let me try to explain:

If I equate the ratios:

I get: QT/6 = 5/3Root5
I'm equating the ratios as such: the height of the QTR over the height of the the main triangle which equals, the hypotenuse of QTR to the hypotenuse of the main, which i 3 Root 5.

Can you please clarify what the ratios actually are(height of one vs. base of another etc). It's a little confusing since the variables are repeated between the 3 triangles. My worry comes in because if I did this same ratio and I equated it to QTP, i would've gotten a completely different answer. I'm surely doing something wrong -- perhaps in how i'm setting up the ratios?

Corresponding sides are opposite the corresponding (equal) angles. Corresponding (equal) angles are marked in the diagram below: Similar questions to practice:
in-the-diagram-to-the-right-triangle-pqr-has-a-right-angle-169506.html
in-the-figure-above-the-circles-are-centered-at-o-0-0-and-162390.html
in-the-figure-above-segments-rs-and-tu-represent-two-positi-167496.html
in-triangle-pqr-the-angle-q-9-pq-6-cm-qr-8-cm-x-is-161440.html
in-triangle-abc-to-the-right-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-88061.html
if-arc-pqr-above-is-a-semicircle-what-is-the-length-of-144057.html
in-triangle-abc-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-what-is-the-126937.html
what-are-the-lengths-of-sides-no-and-op-in-triangle-nop-130657.html
in-the-diagram-what-is-the-length-of-ab-127098.html
length-of-ac-119652.html
_________________
Manager  Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 224

### Show Tags

Bunuel wrote:
russ9 wrote:

Hi Bunuel,

I'm a little confused here. let me try to explain:

If I equate the ratios:

I get: QT/6 = 5/3Root5
I'm equating the ratios as such: the height of the QTR over the height of the the main triangle which equals, the hypotenuse of QTR to the hypotenuse of the main, which i 3 Root 5.

Can you please clarify what the ratios actually are(height of one vs. base of another etc). It's a little confusing since the variables are repeated between the 3 triangles. My worry comes in because if I did this same ratio and I equated it to QTP, i would've gotten a completely different answer. I'm surely doing something wrong -- perhaps in how i'm setting up the ratios?

Corresponding sides are opposite the corresponding (equal) angles. Corresponding (equal) angles are marked in the diagram below: Similar questions to practice:
in-the-diagram-to-the-right-triangle-pqr-has-a-right-angle-169506.html
in-the-figure-above-the-circles-are-centered-at-o-0-0-and-162390.html
in-the-figure-above-segments-rs-and-tu-represent-two-positi-167496.html
in-triangle-pqr-the-angle-q-9-pq-6-cm-qr-8-cm-x-is-161440.html
in-triangle-abc-to-the-right-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-88061.html
if-arc-pqr-above-is-a-semicircle-what-is-the-length-of-144057.html
in-triangle-abc-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-what-is-the-126937.html
what-are-the-lengths-of-sides-no-and-op-in-triangle-nop-130657.html
in-the-diagram-what-is-the-length-of-ab-127098.html
length-of-ac-119652.html

I see where I was going wrong. I was only accounting to align the hypotenuse but I would switch the other two angles. Thanks for clarifying.

One question to that extent: While aligning the ratios of the 3 triangles (2 inner and 1 outer), Side A/B of Inner #1 = Side A/B of Outer = Side A/B of Inner #2 right? What I mean by that is, I can equate any of the triangles to each other - not just inner/outer but also the two inner triangles because they ALL are similar triangles. Correct?

Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61439

### Show Tags

russ9 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
russ9 wrote:

Hi Bunuel,

I'm a little confused here. let me try to explain:

If I equate the ratios:

I get: QT/6 = 5/3Root5
I'm equating the ratios as such: the height of the QTR over the height of the the main triangle which equals, the hypotenuse of QTR to the hypotenuse of the main, which i 3 Root 5.

Can you please clarify what the ratios actually are(height of one vs. base of another etc). It's a little confusing since the variables are repeated between the 3 triangles. My worry comes in because if I did this same ratio and I equated it to QTP, i would've gotten a completely different answer. I'm surely doing something wrong -- perhaps in how i'm setting up the ratios?

Corresponding sides are opposite the corresponding (equal) angles. Corresponding (equal) angles are marked in the diagram below: Similar questions to practice:
in-the-diagram-to-the-right-triangle-pqr-has-a-right-angle-169506.html
in-the-figure-above-the-circles-are-centered-at-o-0-0-and-162390.html
in-the-figure-above-segments-rs-and-tu-represent-two-positi-167496.html
in-triangle-pqr-the-angle-q-9-pq-6-cm-qr-8-cm-x-is-161440.html
in-triangle-abc-to-the-right-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-88061.html
if-arc-pqr-above-is-a-semicircle-what-is-the-length-of-144057.html
in-triangle-abc-if-bc-3-and-ac-4-then-what-is-the-126937.html
what-are-the-lengths-of-sides-no-and-op-in-triangle-nop-130657.html
in-the-diagram-what-is-the-length-of-ab-127098.html
length-of-ac-119652.html

I see where I was going wrong. I was only accounting to align the hypotenuse but I would switch the other two angles. Thanks for clarifying.

One question to that extent: While aligning the ratios of the 3 triangles (2 inner and 1 outer), Side A/B of Inner #1 = Side A/B of Outer = Side A/B of Inner #2 right? What I mean by that is, I can equate any of the triangles to each other - not just inner/outer but also the two inner triangles because they ALL are similar triangles. Correct?

Yes, you can equate the ratios of corresponding sides in all three triangles.
_________________
Senior Manager  S
Joined: 03 Sep 2018
Posts: 256
Location: Netherlands
GPA: 4
Re: Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Hey guys,

What I don't understand, however, is why can we assume that the perpendicular segment QT cuts through angle PQR, could it not also be anywhere else along QR? And would the theorem (that a perpendicular to the hypotenuse creates three similar triangles) still work even if the line segment does not cut through the right angle (is not the height of the big triangle)?
Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 14130
Re: Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________ Re: Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2020, 14:03
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Triangle PQR is right angled at Q. QT is perpendicular to PR  