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Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail

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Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 00:08
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Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,

E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,


Experts please help me explain the objects of which are being compare in this sentence?
Thank you so much
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 00:25
johnnguyen2016 wrote:
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,

E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,


Experts please help me explain the objects of which are being compare in this sentence?
Thank you so much


HI johnnguyen2016,

if you look just after the underlined portion, you will see that we are comparing "the failure rate for businesses" and we have to find an option that correctly compares this, because we cannot change what is written in the non underlined portion.
Does this help?
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

With Like and unlike we compare nouns. In the structure "Like A,B verb object", nouns A and B should be comparable.

Here mainstream American business is illogically compared with failure rate.

Lets do POE

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

Illogical comparison as analyzed above.

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

Illogical comparison as suggested above. Rate is more than half ia wrong. Half of what?

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,
Illogical comparison as suggested above. Usage of where is wrong. Where is used only to refer to places.

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,
Half of what? We need something like half of X.

Further, failing is wrong. Here failing is acting like a modifier modifying businesses so essentially here we are talking about "rate of American businesses" and the fact that they are failing is something suggested in addition. Here the emphasis is on the failure rate of American businesses. "Rate of American businesses" is also illogical. Read this part as follows and error will be clear:

While the rate of American businesses (that are failing) is more than half.



E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,

This is correct. "While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail" is an adverbial/dependent clause preceding theaim clause.

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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 01:05
Are you sure that this question is from exam pack 2? I think I have done this question before.

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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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tarunktuteja wrote:
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

With Like and unlike we compare nouns. In the structure "Like A,B verb object", nouns A and B should be comparable.

Here mainstream American business is illogically compared with failure rate.

Lets do POE

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

Illogical comparison as analyzed above.

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

Illogical comparison as suggested above. Rate is more than half ia wrong. Half of what?

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,
Illogical comparison as suggested above. Usage of where is wrong. Where is used only to refer to places.

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,
Half of what? We need something like half of X.

Further, failing is wrong. Here failing is acting like a modifier modifying businesses so essentially here we are talking about "rate of American businesses" and the fact that they are failing is something suggested in addition. Here the emphasis is on the failure rate of American businesses. "Rate of American businesses" is also illogical. Read this part as follows and error will be clear:

While the rate of American businesses (that are failing) is more than half.



E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,

This is correct. "While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail" is an adverbial/dependent clause preceding theaim clause.

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Hi tarunktuteja

While I agree that in E, Rate A (more than half of mainstream American businesses) is compared with Rate B (the failure rate for ....), and in other answer choice, there are no clear objects that make sense together.

I still uncertain about "more than half", is it not "more than 50%"?


Thank you for you POE, it's helpful. I confirmed that I did this problem in EP2 this morning. (see attached)
Also note that I've seen some repetitions during doing the EP2, I think I most of them are from the Comprehension Collection.
Attachments

SC #5.png
SC #5.png [ 496.17 KiB | Viewed 1772 times ]


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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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Thanks for confirming. I'm disappointed that this question is a part of exam pack 2 as I was expecting all new questions in this new product.

Half is "50% of" and not 50%. If you google "half dictionary", you can check that half is synonymous to " fifty percent of". Therefore, it is fine to say that rate is 50% but not that rate is half.

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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 06:28
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When we start a sentence with "unlike X, Y", we have to follow the following rules:
1. A comparison has already been started between X and Y.
2. X cannot be a clause.
3. X cannot be a prepositional phrase.
4. X and Y MUST be grammatically and logically parallel.

For this question, we have to use COMPARISON and MEANING to pick the correct answer.

Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail
Wrong. incorrect comparison (mainstream American business vs the rate)

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half
Wrong. incorrect comparison (mainstream American business vs the rate)

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail
Wrong. incorrect comparison (mainstream American business vs the rate). Also "where" is wrong because where is only used to refer places.

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half
Wrong. correct comparison, but WRONG MEANING. "The rate is more than half" does not make sense. Half of what? half of 1% (0.5%); or half of 100% (50%). We never say "the rate is half". It's wrong.
i. The expression “businesses failing” the way it appears in this choice is not idiomatic.
ii. The phrase “rate is more than half” is not idiomatic. The correct expression is “rate is less than 50%” or "rate is more than 10%".

E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail
Correct. "more than half of X fail" = the rate is more than 50%. MEANING is the first priority in this question.
The first thing to note here is that we are not bound by the limitations of “Unlike” in this choice. Here “more than half” denotes the rate of the mainstream American businesses that fail. So the comparison is logical. And construction is also parallel because we have clauses on both sides of comma for comparison. This structure is more relaxed than that with “unlike”
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 22:44
johng2016 wrote:
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,

E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,


Experts please help me explain the objects of which are being compare in this sentence?
Thank you so much


I believe as COMPARISON in options starting with UNLIKE is not maintained correctly, we should consider CONTRAST options, in that E is correct.

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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 00:05
johng2016 wrote:
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail,

B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than half,

C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail,

D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half,

E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail,


Experts please help me explain the objects of which are being compare in this sentence?
Thank you so much


The answer is E

A failure rate is compered to American business.
B Same error as A
C Same Error as A
D The first comparison "more than half " is incomplete . We need some entity to compare the rate with
E correct subordinate clause.
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2017, 00:05
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