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# Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains,

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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2008, 16:55
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Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Edited by Gmat Tiger
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2008, 19:00
IMO D.

In which + clause is better than with+N+Ving. Parallel "inflammatory response" and "localized response".

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2008, 22:13
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arorag wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Edited by Gmat Tiger

using 2/3 split, A, B abd C are ruled out.

Between D and E, "instead" is not necessary.

so //D//.
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 08:23
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scthakur wrote:
Why are A, B and C ruled out?

the comparision should be parallel and logical. Any noun following "the body’s inflammatory response" should be parallel to itself.

so "the body’s more localized response", which is only in D and E, does so. Rest lacks the parallelism.

Quote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 08:45
D for me. A and C are grammatically incorrect whereas B is too wordy.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 09:23
D.

the comparison is between body's two responses.

and because of the use of unlike it is expected ,after comma ,to have a noun parallel to "body’s inflammatory response to ..."

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 22:19
GMAT TIGER wrote:
scthakur wrote:
Why are A, B and C ruled out?

the comparision should be parallel and logical. Any noun following "the body’s inflammatory response" should be parallel to itself.

so "the body’s more localized response", which is only in D and E, does so. Rest lacks the parallelism.

Quote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Thanks GMATTIGER. I misread "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals" as modifier to "body's response" and found A to be ok for parallelism.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2009, 02:44
arorag wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Edited by Gmat Tiger

I know this is an old question, but I'm working on this question right now and I don't understand the usage of "in which" here. I thought "which", "in which" and "that" modify the noun right next to it. In this case, wouldn't "in which" modify "sprains"?

Thanks!!

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 04:56
I am not still clear why D is correct? ...until it has....seems irrelevant usage here. Can someone clarify this?

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 05:32
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ykaiim wrote:
I am not still clear why D is correct? ...until it has....seems irrelevant usage here. Can someone clarify this?

Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting - comparison prob - The comparison is btwn body’s inflammatory response and body's localized response
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead - Incorrect comparison btwn body’s inflammatory response and Sunburn
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting - Incorrect comparison btwn body’s inflammatory response and Sunburn
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results - Unlike and instead in the same sentence - Is it required - NOPE
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 05:48
"and resulting" in A is awkward. "Results" in D is better. Otherwise I did not find a better reason to eliminate A.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 15:11
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Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

First look: Adverbial modifier (logical predication), parallelism/comparision

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting "and resulting" should be either an adverbial modifier or a predicate.

B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead Here's a structurally illogical comparison between "body's inflammatory response" and "sunburn." "Which results" is an incorrect construction for an adverbial modifier (effect).

C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting Wrong - illogical comparison (same as above).

D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Correct - the predicate is converted into the subject, so "results" logically follows.

E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Wrong - "instead" is never a conjunction.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 22:35
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

INCORRECT PORTIONS UNDERLINED..............

A. withwidespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized andresulting
B.where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead......COMPARING RESPONSE TO SUNBURN...
C.with the injured area immobilizedby means ofwidespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting....COMPARING RESPONSE TO SUNBURN...
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results.......[color=#00a651].....CORRECT....[/color]
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2014, 21:45
mejia401 wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

First look: Adverbial modifier (logical predication), parallelism/comparision

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting "and resulting" should be either an adverbial modifier or a predicate.

B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead Here's a structurally illogical comparison between "body's inflammatory response" and "sunburn." "Which results" is an incorrect construction for an adverbial modifier (effect).

C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting Wrong - illogical comparison (same as above).

D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Correct - the predicate is converted into the subject, so "results" logically follows.

E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Wrong - "instead" is never a conjunction.

Hello Mejia,

Your explanation really helped. I would like to know your thoughts on the usage on the modifier "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals". I don't think there is anything wrong here. "with widespread...." is basically a prepositional phrase acting as an adjectival phrase, i.e., it correctly modifies the noun "response".

Thanks

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2015, 02:53
Hi Gmat Tiger,

What I was confused about was the comparison between body's inflammatory response, to body's more localized response. I didn't see how these are parallel.
What confused me was the word "more", as I thought that we were comparing body's response.
If you could shed some light on that, it would be awesome.

Much appreciated,
Regards,
Yela

GMAT TIGER wrote:
scthakur wrote:
Why are A, B and C ruled out?

the comparision should be parallel and logical. Any noun following "the body’s inflammatory response" should be parallel to itself.

so "the body’s more localized response", which is only in D and E, does so. Rest lacks the parallelism.

Quote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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20 May 2015, 01:40
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Hi e-gmat

I know that we use the "ing" modifier to modify the preceding clause. I further know that we should not use "which" to modify a clause. However, when are we allowed to use "in which" to modify the preceding clause, as is the case with this sentence?

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 20:51
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ZAman1 wrote:
Hi e-gmat

I know that we use the "ing" modifier to modify the preceding clause. I further know that we should not use "which" to modify a clause. However, when are we allowed to use "in which" to modify the preceding clause, as is the case with this sentence?

Regards

Hi ZAman1,

There is no difference in the grammatical usage of "which" and "in which". They both refer to the preceding noun entity. In the correct answer choice here, "in which" modifies the preceding noun entity "the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains". In fact, there is no clause before "in which" in any of the answer choice. It is so because "unlike" cannot be followed by a clause. I hope you do remember that "like" cannot be followed by a clause. The same rule applies to "unlike" too.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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22 May 2015, 22:23
Hi SJ

Thanks, of course! "The body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains" is a noun phrase, one long noun phrase. I got confused because I thought response was a verb, but I understand now that the noun is actually body's response.

Thanks again SJ

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 12:35
arorag wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Edited by Gmat Tiger

POE
(A) the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting - Parallelism error; is resulting = tense error
(B) "where" does not refer to any place - hence wrong; The structure (Unlike X , Y) is wrong
(C) The structure (Unlike X , Y) is wrong
(D) CORRECT
(E) Unlike, instead is redundant; 'until it has healed' is more clear than 'Until healing'

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2015, 02:15
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Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
We need a verb to make it parallel to the clause "the body’s response to sunburn is more localized"

B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead

1) Where -> is a specific place . Here we require a modifier which explains "cuts and sprains"
2) sunburn and body's response is not comparable

C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
1) SunBurn and Body's response are not comparable

D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
Correct

E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
1) Until healing -> looks like as if there is a level. Better would be to use the clause "it has healed" as in option D)
2) Instead is not required and structurally it is wrong as we already have "Unlike"

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains,   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2015, 02:15

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