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Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with

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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2015, 03:43
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Yela wrote:
What I was confused about was the comparison between body's inflammatory response, to body's more localized response. I didn't see how these are parallel.
What confused me was the word "more", as I thought that we were comparing body's response.

Indeed we are comparing body's response. Basically the sentence is saying:

(i) body’s response to cuts and sprains is widespread
(ii) body’s response to sunburn is localized

more is just a modifier and doesn't change the basic structure of the sentence: Two noun phrases, each about body's response, are being compared.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2015, 02:45
A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results


1. POE by comparison
(B) and (C) are out because the body’s inflammatory response is compared to sunburn > illogical

2. in [A] and resulting is incorrect.

3. Comparing [D] and [E] . [D] wins because in [E] instead seems redundant and unneccessary and I dont like until healing
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2015, 06:55
>>>> D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Can anyone tell me whether the usage of the present perfect tense above (until it has healed) is correct?
I feel strange to read this part of the sentence.
Why do we need present perfect tense here?
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 09:55
Hi,

I had read in a GMAT Blog that Instead is always "almost" wrong in GMAT.
That is why I eliminated E.Opted for D

mejia401 wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

First look: Adverbial modifier (logical predication), parallelism/comparision

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting "and resulting" should be either an adverbial modifier or a predicate.

B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead Here's a structurally illogical comparison between "body's inflammatory response" and "sunburn." "Which results" is an incorrect construction for an adverbial modifier (effect).

C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting Wrong - illogical comparison (same as above).

D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Correct - the predicate is converted into the subject, so "results" logically follows.

E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Wrong - "instead" is never a conjunction.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2017, 05:09
the answer must be D
as inflammatory response is being compared with localized response.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 01:35
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 07:39
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 08:40
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The pronoun 'it' in -it heals- has no reference. Therefore, remove A, B, and D. Between C and E, the 'instead' has no locus standi in E and therefore, C is the correct choice.
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New post 20 Jun 2017, 10:15
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daagh wrote:
The pronoun 'it' in -it heals- has no reference. Therefore, remove A, B, and D. Between C and E, the 'instead' has no locus standi in E and therefore, C is the correct choice.



Hello Sir,

Choice C presents illogical comparison between the body’s inflammatory response and sunburn. Then the modifier with the injured area... fails to make any logical connection with cuts and sprains. Use of healing is also incorrect in this choice.

The correct answer choice is Choice D. In this choice, the pronoun it logically refers to injured area. The choice presents logical comparison between the body’s inflammatory response and the body’s more localized response.


Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 21:40
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 07:55
Imo D
This is comparison question where body's response is compared in two different situations.
Option D is correct option.
Use of with in A and C is wrong .
B is wordy ans use of which is wrong in B.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2017, 09:51
Hello Verbal Experts,

Could you please explain why options A and E are wrong here. I am confused why they are eliminated here.

Also, what does 'it' refer to in the correct option D?

Please let me know. Thanks in advance! :-)
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 08:18
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Hello Verbal Experts,

Could you please explain why options A and E are wrong here. I am confused why they are eliminated here.

Also, what does 'it' refer to in the correct option D?

Please let me know. Thanks in advance! :-)


A. The modifier "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals" is wrong because it is not clear which noun this modifier refers to. In general the following construction would be wrong in GMAT:
modifier 1 + modifier 2 + noun A
modifier 1 = "Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains"
modifier 2 = "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals"
noun A = "the body’s response to sunburn"
In this case the modifer 2 may refer to the another noun in modifier 1 ("cuts and sprains") or the noun A.
This ambiguity makes such construction wrong.

E. The word "instead" is redundant. The word "unlike" already denotes the contrast.

D. The pronoun "it" refers to "the injured area".
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2018, 22:42
I'm still not clear on the use of "in which" in D and E. If "which" always refers to the noun before it, will it not refer to cuts and sprains here?
How do we distinguish in the usages of which? Can someone please explain with some examples.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2018, 09:00
Rid21sa wrote:
I'm still not clear on the use of "in which" in D and E. If "which" always refers to the noun before it, will it not refer to cuts and sprains here?
How do we distinguish in the usages of which? Can someone please explain with some examples.

It's not mandatory that relative pronouns always refer back to their preceding noun. They can refer to a far away noun.
Both WHICH and IN WHICH modify nouns. Here IN WHICH describe the "response" (of body).
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2018, 10:42
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

(A) with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting: With makes meaning error: It means body's inflammatory response with widespread ........ This is wrong. Resulting : It should be parallel with localized.

(B) where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead : Where : No indication of place here, so this use is wrong. Sunburn : Unlike X, Y. Instead : Unlike is in the non underlined part, so instead is redundant.

(C) with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting : Same error as in A & B.

(D) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results : Correct

(E) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results : Error same as in B
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New post 14 Jan 2019, 14:15
How do we know that "it" refers to "injured area"? I think "it" could also refer to "inflammatory response".

However, I still chose (D) despite its pronoun referent issue. All of the answers, including (C) and (E), suffer from some reference ambiguity. The "healing" in (C) and (E) are just as ambiguous as the pronoun "it" is in (D). For (C) and (E), we are talking about the "healing" of what? Most likely the injured area. Just like in (C), "it" is most likely the injured area.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2019, 22:28
arorag wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

(A) with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting

(B) where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead

(C) with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting

(D) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

(E) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results


Are we discarding option A only because "resulting" is awkward ?

Can you please throw some more light on option A and option D ?

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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2019, 01:50
sayan640 wrote:
arorag wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

(A) with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting

(B) where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead

(C) with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting

(D) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

(E) in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results


Are we discarding option A only because "resulting" is awkward ?

Can you please throw some more light on option A and option D ?

chetan2u , VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

While the Official Guide explanations will often justify eliminating an incorrect answer because it's "awkward", we never want to do this. Something that sounds awkward to you may sound fine to someone else, and many OA's are pretty darned awkward-sounding. Honestly, there's some lazy writing in the OG explanations -- and for whatever it's worth, those explanations are NOT written by the same people who produced the questions themselves.

Anyway, here's the relevant portion of (A) again: "the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin." "And" must connect like forms. And while it's not unprecedented for a "verb-ed" and a "verb-ing" modifier to be parallel, in this case, the construction seems to convey that the sunburn is "more localized" and the sunburn is "more resulting". That's nonsense.

So (A) isn't wrong because it's awkward - it's wrong because it creates an illogical meaning.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2019, 11:24
I found 'It has healed" awkward in option D, but still chose as other options are grammatically wrong.
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Re: Unlike the body's inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2019, 11:24

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