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# Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required

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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2015, 06:08
1
1
Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

>80% of income from tenants and
<20% of income from other sources.
there is no comparison here so like cannot be used for giving examples only such as needs to be used.
So A and E are out for the same reason.

A. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

B. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive
at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and
have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
requiring changes the meaning and structure of the sentence.

C. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive
at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and
have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

D. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive
at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and
have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

E. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

I chose D over C and others.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2015, 06:48
2
Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
(Meaning: Some tax regulation required that condominium receive income
>x% from abc, and
<y% from xyz
Such incomes are to to be received in the same way as ground-floor rent is received for restaurants.)

A. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
(Usage of like seems correct here. Since if "such as" is used, then it would imply example of other sources. This is not the case here. ground-floor rent for restaurants is not example of other sources, rather a comparison in the way income should be received. Doubtful case is ", and no more than 20 percent")

B. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
(Tax regulation.... requiring that... " leaves no verb for "tax regulation", as receive is no longer the verb associated with tax. "Receive" is part of the modifier in this sentence)

C. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
("have" is incorrectly attached to subject "tax regulation". "comma+and+verb" without subject is not a correct usage. A subject is needed after "and". Please correct this reasoning, if not right.
Plus use of "such as" implies example of "other sources". This is not implied meaning)

D. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
(same reasons as C)
E. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
(",and to have" is awkward with subject "tax regulation")
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2015, 04:26
[quote="souvik101990"]Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

A. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
like cannot be used to represent examples.

B. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
"Requiring that" is not correct form to modify the prev clause.

C. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
Required has to be follow subjunctive. Hence "That" is missing[color=#0000ff]

D. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
Subjunctive form is correctly used in both cases - "receive and have" , "Such as" is correctly used representing examples. Hence this is the correct answer.

E. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
Required has to be follow subjunctive. Hence "That" is missing. Also "like" cannot be used to represent examples..
Kudos if you feel i am correct.

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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2015, 11:19
2
2
Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

A. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

B. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

C. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

D. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

E. Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

Required X to Y >>> Condition, position, person, animal plant forces you to act in certain manner or to take certain action
Required that >>> Generally rules, regulations, laws, legislations enforce that certain steps need to be taken or that certain actions not to be taken
In this case, "that" must be used. Thus eliminate C & E.
Also, "like" is used for comparison and precedent only a noun or pronoun. "Such as" introduces examples. In this question, we understand that "ground floor rent" is given for comparison, so eliminate B & D.

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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 09:12
please guys revise the source of this question. OA is A but many people disagree with like usage.
if it used for comparison, it should be : ' , income like ground-floor rent for restaurants.'
Gmat doesn't input ambiguous statements in SC question as It does in Math questions since Gmat verbal calls for simplicity and clarity of sentences not ambiguity.
Any way, I doubt this question and am quite confused.
thanks
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 09:40
hatemnag wrote:
please guys revise the source of this question. OA is A but many people disagree with like usage.
if it used for comparison, it should be : ' , income like ground-floor rent for restaurants.'
Gmat doesn't input ambiguous statements in SC question as It does in Math questions since Gmat verbal calls for simplicity and clarity of sentences not ambiguity.
Any way, I doubt this question and am quite confused.
thanks

It depends on whether the meaning intended is introducing example or comparing. Here introducing example is a better fit. Hence "such as" should have been used. Such a question is probably not expected in the real test.

(What is the problem with the source - is it not Veritas prep?)
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2016, 01:00
1
I don't buy "like" as introducing a comparison here. Remember that "like" only compares stated nouns, so it would have to be comparing ground-floor rent to "other sources." We can't compare them to the method of collection, since that noun doesn't appear. (In any case, those wouldn't really be parallel.)

So we're left using "like" to introduce an example. While "such as" is preferred, the GMAT has used "like" on occasion. We can't always get consistency on these issues! Perhaps the GMAT is bowing to popular usage on this one, since the use of "like" to introduce examples is routine in spoken English.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2018, 00:11
abhishekmeister wrote:
Why is option C wrong ?

Hi abhishekmeister,

Here is choice C

Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.

This sentence is in command subjunctive .
Before we go in that particular moods of the sentence, let us just start with how many types of moods are there in English language.
They are : Indicative, Imperative or command, Interrogative, Conditional, and Subjunctive mood.

What we have here in the original sentence is command subjunctive. In command subjunctive we have bossy verb and its proper order .
Bossy verb + that +Subject + bare infinitive form of verb .
Now " that " is missing in C therefore C is incorrect .

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/grammar/moods

Hope it helps.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required  [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2018, 19:06
arvind910619 wrote:
abhishekmeister wrote:
Why is option C wrong ?

Hi abhishekmeister,

Here is choice C

Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
This sentence is in command subjunctive .
What we have here in the original sentence is command subjunctive. In command subjunctive we have bossy verb and its proper order .
Bossy verb + that +Subject + bare infinitive form of verb .
Now " that " is missing in C therefore C is incorrect .

Option C is 100% grammatically correct, but option D is preferred because of the context.
Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jul 2018, 19:06

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