GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 17 Jan 2019, 19:31

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### The winning strategy for a high GRE score

January 17, 2019

January 17, 2019

08:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Learn the winning strategy for a high GRE score — what do people who reach a high score do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we've collected from over 50,000 students who used examPAL.
• ### Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

January 19, 2019

January 19, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

# Usage of That

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 12 Jan 2018
Posts: 15

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 07:59
"Lying produces emotional responses in individuals that, in turn, create physiological responses."

Does the relative pronoun "that" refer to individuals or emotional responses?

Logically, it should be "emotional responses", but as per the rule relative pronouns refer back to proceeding noun, which in this case is "individuals".

Correct me where I'm going wrong.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
VP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1060
Location: India
GPA: 3.31

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 08:48
aarkay wrote:
"Lying produces emotional responses in individuals that, in turn, create physiological responses."

Does the relative pronoun "that" refer to individuals or emotional responses?

Hi aarkay, that cannot refer to individuals for the following two reasons:

i) As you mentioned, logically that should be referring to emotional responses

ii) that (when used as a relative pronoun, as is the case here) can only refer to non-persons

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses usage of that, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2016
Posts: 20
Location: India
WE: Design (Energy and Utilities)

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 08:48
responses in individuals is a prepositional phrase..In exception cases that refers to noun in propositional phrase. If I'm wrong please correct me

Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2015
Posts: 168
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 09:07
aarkay wrote:
"Lying produces emotional responses in individuals that, in turn, create physiological responses."

Does the relative pronoun "that" refer to individuals or emotional responses?

Logically, it should be "emotional responses", but as per the rule relative pronouns refer back to proceeding noun, which in this case is "individuals".

Correct me where I'm going wrong.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Hi,

Prep Phrases always start with prepositions. Here the preposition is "in". So, only 'in individuals' is a prep phrase. Here "that" jumps the prep phrase to refer to the noun "responses".

that always refers to the noun it's placed next to. But in this case there is a noun phrase - "responses (noun) + in individuals (noun modifier)". "that" can jump the noun modifier phrase to refer to noun (responses). The usage is okay as long as :

- There is no ambiguity as 'that' cannot refer to individuals (we need 'who' to refer to individuals'. So this usage is considered okay.
- Whatever comes between 'that' and its referent noun is a noun modifier. In this case 'in individuals' is a noun modifier.

I've seen a couple official questions in which there is a verb between noun and 'that'. It was in the correct answer choice. Keep these exceptions in mind, and use them only if you are able to confidently mark other 4 options wrong. Between Rule and Exception, always go with the rule - that must be placed next to the noun it modifies.

Hope this helps!
_________________

Please take a moment to hit Kudos if my post helps.

Intern
Joined: 12 Jan 2018
Posts: 15

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 10:45
sdlife wrote:
aarkay wrote:
"Lying produces emotional responses in individuals that, in turn, create physiological responses."

Does the relative pronoun "that" refer to individuals or emotional responses?

Logically, it should be "emotional responses", but as per the rule relative pronouns refer back to proceeding noun, which in this case is "individuals".

Correct me where I'm going wrong.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Hi,

Prep Phrases always start with prepositions. Here the preposition is "in". So, only 'in individuals' is a prep phrase. Here "that" jumps the prep phrase to refer to the noun "responses".

that always refers to the noun it's placed next to. But in this case there is a noun phrase - "responses (noun) + in individuals (noun modifier)". "that" can jump the noun modifier phrase to refer to noun (responses). The usage is okay as long as :

- There is no ambiguity as 'that' cannot refer to individuals (we need 'who' to refer to individuals'. So this usage is considered okay.
- Whatever comes between 'that' and its referent noun is a noun modifier. In this case 'in individuals' is a noun modifier.

I've seen a couple official questions in which there is a verb between noun and 'that'. It was in the correct answer choice. Keep these exceptions in mind, and use them only if you are able to confidently mark other 4 options wrong. Between Rule and Exception, always go with the rule - that must be placed next to the noun it modifies.

Hope this helps!

Thanks sdlife.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2016
Posts: 20
Location: India
WE: Design (Energy and Utilities)

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 11:31
sdlife wrote:
aarkay wrote:
"Lying produces emotional responses in individuals that, in turn, create physiological responses."

Does the relative pronoun "that" refer to individuals or emotional responses?

Logically, it should be "emotional responses", but as per the rule relative pronouns refer back to proceeding noun, which in this case is "individuals".

Correct me where I'm going wrong.

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Hi,

Prep Phrases always start with prepositions. Here the preposition is "in". So, only 'in individuals' is a prep phrase. Here "that" jumps the prep phrase to refer to the noun "responses".

that always refers to the noun it's placed next to. But in this case there is a noun phrase - "responses (noun) + in individuals (noun modifier)". "that" can jump the noun modifier phrase to refer to noun (responses). The usage is okay as long as :

- There is no ambiguity as 'that' cannot refer to individuals (we need 'who' to refer to individuals'. So this usage is considered okay.
- Whatever comes between 'that' and its referent noun is a noun modifier. In this case 'in individuals' is a noun modifier.

I've seen a couple official questions in which there is a verb between noun and 'that'. It was in the correct answer choice. Keep these exceptions in mind, and use them only if you are able to confidently mark other 4 options wrong. Between Rule and Exception, always go with the rule - that must be placed next to the noun it modifies.

Hope this helps!

Thanks for detailed explanation

Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2015
Posts: 168
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38

### Show Tags

04 Feb 2018, 11:57
shivsuddala aarkay

Glad that my explanation helped! You can also thank me by giving Kudos!
_________________

Please take a moment to hit Kudos if my post helps.

Re: Usage of That &nbs [#permalink] 04 Feb 2018, 11:57
Display posts from previous: Sort by