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# Usage of That - Doubt

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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
Hi - yes that's correct the 'that' could be replaced with 'the courage'
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
Thanks Plumber.

To sum up the uses of "that"

1. Connecting 2 clauses (may be omitted if sentence meaning remains unaltered)
2. Replace subject (used as relative pronoun)
3. Object of verb (The study suggested that the world is flat - can you please explain the use of "that" as object of verb)
4. Object of clause

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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
Hi, one forum post on 'that' would take too long to be comprehensive.

For really general grammar questions like this I recommend using a standard Internet search.
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
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sdas wrote:
Thanks Plumber.

To sum up the uses of "that"

1. Connecting 2 clauses (may be omitted if sentence meaning remains unaltered)
2. Replace subject (used as relative pronoun)
3. Object of verb (The study suggested that the world is flat - can you please explain the use of "that" as object of verb)
4. Object of clause

Hi sdas,

Here is my take on your questions. The below is the complete usage of "THAT" except one, however I haven't seen that usage in GMAT. I would advise you to stick on with below constructions only.

1- That as a Relative Pronoun - In this case, that will modify some noun, and that noun may work as either subject or object.

e.g 1 - This is the book that I love - > Here, that is working as Object of Clause. Ask, What do I love - > I love that book, Since book is the object, hence that is working as Object. In this, construction, you can remove "THAT" without any double thoughts.

e.g 2 - Car that is red in Color is mine. Now, here- that is working as Subject of Clause, as you can see there is no subject other than "that", which is associated with aux verb "IS". You can't Omit That, since it will result into Run on Sentence. Moreover, here that is working as Relative Pronoun only

I'm assuming that you know how to identify clauses, because the knowledge of identifying clauses helps in dissecting the "THAT" funda. If not, let me know.
2- Object of Verb- Here, that is used to connect two clauses.
Scientists believe that the universe started with a big bang.

Clause 1- Scientists believe
Connector ->" That "
Clause 2 - The universe started
In above sentence, you may remove THAT, but in GMAT land, I haven't seen such question in which "that" is removed from this construction.

Rather, believe that, propose that, contend that, these all are recommended usages

Hope this helps.
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
Hi himanshu, I am able to identify clauses. But where I am getting stuck is identifying "that" as object/subject of clause....

help much appreciated
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
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sdas wrote:
Hi himanshu, I am able to identify clauses. But where I am getting stuck is identifying "that" as object/subject of clause....

help much appreciated

Object of Clause- What does it mean? As name suggests, it means that "THAT" must be working as OBJECT of some clause. Normally, we have structure of sentence such as - Subject + Verb + Object. ---(A)
So, when "That" would be working as Object of clause, it will receive some type of action just as every object does.

Now,see the below sentence-

This is the book that I love - > Consider the part - That I love.. Now, that is referring to THE BOOK here, right.. because it is working as Relative Pronoun. so, the sentence becomes, Book I love ; and this is inverted construction. So, how will I say in normal language. I love the book.

Since, The BOOK = THAT(relative pronoun) - I am bringing some maths here---You may write - I love THAT ---(B)
Compare B with A -
Subject - I
Verb - Love
Object - THAT

Hence, THAT is working as Object

e.g 2 - Car that is red in Color is mine. Now, here- that is working as Subject of Clause, you may use the above funda for getting whether That is working as subject or not.
Break down into clause - Car is ; and That is; Here, THAT referring to Car
Try to find the subject of verb "IS" i.e WHAT is red in Color. answer -> CAR. Hence, The car is red in color

SO, in nutshell- THAT as object of Clause means- The noun to which that will be referring will work as Object, and in case of subject of CLause, it will be referring to subject.

If you are unable to get whether THAT is working as object or subject and you need to see if removing "THAT" will be correct or not, then the only golden rule is - if there are 2 clauses and each has its subject of its own, then removing that will not introduce error.

Let me know if something is unclear.
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
One last doubt, "that" also confuses in essential modifier, the example of car, is "that" not acting as modifier?If yes, then how can it both be modifier and refer to subject too?
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
sdas wrote:
One last doubt, "that" also confuses in essential modifier, the example of car, is "that" not acting as modifier?If yes, then how can it both be modifier and refer to subject too?

Hi sdas,

The answer lies in your question itself. "That" alone is referring to noun Car, but on the whole its a modifier. "That is red in color".

Whenever you are in doubt, go back to basics.

What is a Modifier - It gives some more/essential/non essential description about something. Now, the whole clause that is red in color is giving description about Car, but to see what "that" alone is referring to, you need to understand whether it is working as subject or object or clause.(Here, comes the understanding of finding object/subject) Also, Why we need to understand what that is referring to in order to make sure that subject verb must make sense and equivalent in number. such as - the verb in clause "that is red in color" is "IS"->this verb must make sense with "CAR", since that is referring to Car.

In the end, the reference of "THAT" is just telling you that i am going to modify this subject/ object, but its the whole clause that modifies the car.
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
Many thanks Himanshu. I am clear on it now.
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
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Re: Usage of That - Doubt [#permalink]
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