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V01-08

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V01-08 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:54
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Although genetic recombination ensures that only half the genetic material of a parent is represented in the offspring, some genetic lines may eventually die out entirely, even though there are numerous progeny.

A. Although
B. Conclusively
C. When
D. Because
E. If
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re V01-08 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:54
Official Solution:

Although genetic recombination ensures that only half the genetic material of a parent is represented in the offspring, some genetic lines may eventually die out entirely, even though there are numerous progeny.

A. Although
B. Conclusively
C. When
D. Because
E. If

The underlined word must establish the proper logical relationship between the first part of the sentence and the later clauses. The facts among which a relationship must be stated are,
first, that genetic recombination permits only half of a parent’s genetic material to be represented in the offspring; and
second, that some genetic lines may eventually not be passed on, despite a large number of progeny. If only half of a parent’s genetic material is present in any single offspring, it follows that some genetic lines may not be reproduced at all and could eventually die out entirely. The relationship that should be stated in the sentence is, therefore, a causal relationship.
  1. Choice A : Although makes the dying out of some genetic lines seem like an exception to a rule, and does not establish the appropriate cause-and-effect relationship between the parts of the sentence.
  2. Choice B : Conclusively does not make sense in this context.
    Choice C :
  3. The word when makes genetic recombination seem like a process that happens sometimes, and so does not establish the appropriate logical relationship among parts of the sentence.
    Choice D : Because-
  4. This option correctly identifies the fact that genetic recombination is given as the reason that some genetic lines may eventually die out entirely.
  5. If makes genetic recombination seem like a conditional event and does not establish the appropriate logical relationship among parts of the sentence.

Answer: D
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Re: V01-08 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 01:14
Understood all aspects except the usage of If here. Why couldn't this statement be a conditional case?
Is it because of the contrast that follows (even though) with the verb 'are'?
Please explain. Thanks!
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Re: V01-08 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 01:51
swanidhi wrote:
Understood all aspects except the usage of If here. Why couldn't this statement be a conditional case?
Is it because of the contrast that follows (even though) with the verb 'are'?
Please explain. Thanks!


Hi,
two reasons..
the structure of the sentence is..
although..SOME FACT..., some genetic...

1)so it will be wrong to make a fact as a conditional clause..
2) there is no contrast and that is the reason A is not the choice,...
basically the first part is the reason or modifier of the second part, so "if" is unsuitable..
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Re: V01-08 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 10:34
Can someone explain how it was regarded as a Cause and Effect Relationship?


The 1st clause- Is dependent but how can we define it as the cause?
Although genetic recombination ensures that only half the genetic material of a parent is represented in the offspring,

Is it because its talking about half the genetic material (already a lesser amount that would result in loss of strings?)

Little confused. :hurt:

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Re: V01-08   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2017, 10:34
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