GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Feb 2019, 23:26

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

February 16, 2019

February 16, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
• ### \$450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

February 15, 2019

February 15, 2019

10:00 PM EST

11:00 PM PST

EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth \$100 with the 3 Month Pack (\$299)

# V11-16

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2015, 07:38
1
10
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

35% (01:38) correct 65% (01:42) wrong based on 89 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A cheetah can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.

A. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
B. augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart.
C. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart and augmenting it by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
E. can accelerate in three strides to a speed of 40 mph, augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, its sudden blast of energy generated by its powerful, oversized heart.

_________________
Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2015, 07:39
Official Solution:

A cheetah can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.

A. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
B. augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart.
C. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart and augmenting it by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
E. can accelerate in three strides to a speed of 40 mph, augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, its sudden blast of energy generated by its powerful, oversized heart.

A. The modifiers generating its ………. powerful heart and augmented by………flattened ribcage modify the subject cheetah. While the first (present participle –ing ) correctly modifies the subject, the second is problematic: Being a past participle –ed modifier, it is placed too far from the subject; moreover, the cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is.

B. The cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage wrongly refers to the cheetah.

C. The antecedent of the pronoun it is vague. If it refers to cheetah, itself should be used. Even then the sentence would wrongly mean that the cheetah augments itself, rather than its acceleration.

D. Correct. All above errors are eliminated. An absolute phrase is correctly introduced.

E. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage refers to speed of 40mph. In the sentence it is not intended to express that the value 40mph itself is augmented, rather it is intended to be meant that the acceleration with which the cheetah reaches the speed of 40mph is augmented. Hence this placement of the modifier is incorrect.

_________________
Intern
Joined: 13 Jan 2016
Posts: 18

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2016, 12:12
poor quality with D being a run-on sentence and make no logic sense in linking two clauses
Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2016, 22:31
D is not a run on sentence, and it does link using an appositive modifier.
_________________
Intern
Joined: 19 Jul 2014
Posts: 34
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Accounting
GPA: 3.12

### Show Tags

02 Aug 2016, 00:05
Hi,

In option (D), Does "augmented" acts as a participle(verb-ed modifier)?

Thanks,
Ankit
_________________

___________________
Never Say Never..
Don't be a MISER...Give a KUDOS...

Intern
Joined: 17 Jan 2016
Posts: 11

### Show Tags

08 Aug 2016, 11:11
The participle modifier indicate sequence of events as per MGMAT SC Book. If D is correct then - " generating a sudden blast of energy " should be before the "can accelerate part" ?? The generation of energy cant be a subsequent action. Can it be ??
Doesnt the modifer "augmented by its aerodynamic body " fits to modify the cheetah as well. If I am to look at it as a modifer of the verb acceleration what is the rationale behind this. I mean how do we select the correct modifier
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2016, 05:55
ankittiss wrote:
Hi,

In option (D), Does "augmented" acts as a participle(verb-ed modifier)?

Thanks,
Ankit

Yes you are right. It is a past participle modifier within an absolute phrase (noun "acceleration"+ noun modifier "augmented by...").
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2016, 06:09
korhiyatryinghard wrote:
The participle modifier indicate sequence of events as per MGMAT SC Book. If D is correct then - " generating a sudden blast of energy " should be before the "can accelerate part" ?? The generation of energy cant be a subsequent action. Can it be ??
Doesnt the modifer "augmented by its aerodynamic body " fits to modify the cheetah as well. If I am to look at it as a modifer of the verb acceleration what is the rationale behind this. I mean how do we select the correct modifier

Probably you have misunderstood something. The present participle modifier can depict a subsequent event or a former event:

Correct: The crime in the region decreased, attracting many real-estate investors. (attracting is a subsequent event)
Correct: Steffi won Wimbledon, defeating Sabatini in straight sets. (defeating is a former event)

a. The past participle modifier "augmented by...." is outside the main clause - it is within an absolute phrase (see my above post), which as a whole modifies the main cause. Hence this past participle modifier does not refer to "cheetah".

b. "Acceleration" is not a verb, but a noun!

c. Also please note that different types of modifiers may be used to depict the same meaning.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

26 Sep 2016, 17:15
shirehobbit wrote:
hi, what is wrong with B?.

The cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage wrongly refers to the cheetah.

The OE already states the above.
Intern
Joined: 14 Jun 2014
Posts: 10

### Show Tags

09 Oct 2016, 23:06
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Is not second part of the correct answer - "its acceleration..."
needs verb ?
Intern
Joined: 27 Feb 2015
Posts: 45
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 630 Q42 V34
WE: Engineering (Transportation)

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2016, 06:27
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in 3 strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its oversized powerful heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage

how come D is not a run-on sentence??

" powerful heart, its ..... "
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2016, 08:52
1
2
deepak268 wrote:
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in 3 strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its oversized powerful heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage

how come D is not a run-on sentence??

" powerful heart, its ..... "

The last part of the sentence is not a clause (there is no verb) - it is an absolute phrase
"its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage."

An absolute phrase has the following structure:
noun + noun modifier
here,
noun = its acceleration
noun modifier = augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage. (past participle modifier)
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2016, 08:55
yogeshrjn wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Is not second part of the correct answer - "its acceleration..."
needs verb ?

No, it does not, because it is not a clause (otherwise the sentence would be run-on). The second part is an absolute phrase. Please see the post above.
Intern
Joined: 08 Aug 2017
Posts: 9
Location: Singapore
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4

### Show Tags

16 May 2018, 06:23
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation.
Intern
Joined: 28 May 2018
Posts: 1

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2018, 10:15
Why is (E) wrong?

To my understanding, verb-ed modifiers after a comma can modify either the subject or the verb of the main clause. When the verb-ed modifier is not preceded with a comma, then it has to modify the noun right before it. In this case, "Augmented..." is preceded by a comma, so why does it have to modify "40mph"?

Thanks for the help!
Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 6

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2018, 01:50
sayantanc2k wrote:
korhiyatryinghard wrote:
The participle modifier indicate sequence of events as per MGMAT SC Book. If D is correct then - " generating a sudden blast of energy " should be before the "can accelerate part" ?? The generation of energy cant be a subsequent action. Can it be ??
Doesnt the modifer "augmented by its aerodynamic body " fits to modify the cheetah as well. If I am to look at it as a modifer of the verb acceleration what is the rationale behind this. I mean how do we select the correct modifier

Probably you have misunderstood something. The present participle modifier can depict a subsequent event or a former event:

Correct: The crime in the region decreased, attracting many real-estate investors. (attracting is a subsequent event)
Correct: Steffi won Wimbledon, defeating Sabatini in straight sets. (defeating is a former event)

a. The past participle modifier "augmented by...." is outside the main clause - it is within an absolute phrase (see my above post), which as a whole modifies the main cause. Hence this past participle modifier does not refer to "cheetah".

b. "Acceleration" is not a verb, but a noun!

c. Also please note that different types of modifiers may be used to depict the same meaning.

If there was a comma after "cheetah" would option B have made sense ?

Thanks !
Intern
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 4

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2018, 05:27
I think this is a high-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. the OA option D has a run on sentence in the end "its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage". This should be connected to the main clause using a conjunction.
Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2015
Posts: 19
Location: Bahrain

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2018, 01:20
Hello expert,

I treated 'generating' and 'augmented' as two action modifiers modifying the (same) entire clause 'A cheetah can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides.' They seem to be placed correctly after the clause and are parallel in structure.

Could you elaborate where my thinking in incorrect?

Thanks a ton!
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2018
Posts: 87
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2018, 02:49
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

A cheetah can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.

A. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
B. augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart.
C. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart and augmenting it by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
E. can accelerate in three strides to a speed of 40 mph, augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, its sudden blast of energy generated by its powerful, oversized heart.

A. The modifiers generating its ………. powerful heart and augmented by………flattened ribcage modify the subject cheetah. While the first (present participle –ing ) correctly modifies the subject, the second is problematic: Being a past participle –ed modifier, it is placed too far from the subject; moreover, the cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is.

B. The cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage wrongly refers to the cheetah.

C. The antecedent of the pronoun it is vague. If it refers to cheetah, itself should be used. Even then the sentence would wrongly mean that the cheetah augments itself, rather than its acceleration.

D. Correct. All above errors are eliminated. An absolute phrase is correctly introduced.

E. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage refers to speed of 40mph. In the sentence it is not intended to express that the value 40mph itself is augmented, rather it is intended to be meant that the acceleration with which the cheetah reaches the speed of 40mph is augmented. Hence this placement of the modifier is incorrect.

In the correct answer choice, shouldn't be an and b/w powerful and oversized - by its powerful, oversized heart, - Please explain
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2017
Posts: 258

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2018, 05:30
2
1
ArupRS wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

A cheetah can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.

A. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, and augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
B. augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart.
C. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart and augmenting it by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
D. can accelerate to a speed of 40 mph in three strides, generating its sudden blast of energy by its powerful, oversized heart, its acceleration augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage.
E. can accelerate in three strides to a speed of 40 mph, augmented by its aerodynamic body with a small head and flattened ribcage, its sudden blast of energy generated by its powerful, oversized heart.

A. The modifiers generating its ………. powerful heart and augmented by………flattened ribcage modify the subject cheetah. While the first (present participle –ing ) correctly modifies the subject, the second is problematic: Being a past participle –ed modifier, it is placed too far from the subject; moreover, the cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is.

B. The cheetah is not augmented, but its acceleration is. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage wrongly refers to the cheetah.

C. The antecedent of the pronoun it is vague. If it refers to cheetah, itself should be used. Even then the sentence would wrongly mean that the cheetah augments itself, rather than its acceleration.

D. Correct. All above errors are eliminated. An absolute phrase is correctly introduced.

E. The modifier augmented by………flattened ribcage refers to speed of 40mph. In the sentence it is not intended to express that the value 40mph itself is augmented, rather it is intended to be meant that the acceleration with which the cheetah reaches the speed of 40mph is augmented. Hence this placement of the modifier is incorrect.

In the correct answer choice, shouldn't be an and b/w powerful and oversized - by its powerful, oversized heart, - Please explain

Eg: I saw a big, black truck

Both the adjectives are modifying the truck. You don't need and between big and blue. A mere comma will suffice.

There are three tests you can run:

–       Replace the comma with the word “and”

–       Reverse the order of the adjectives

–       Replace the comma with the word “and” then reverse the order of the adjectives

If the adjectives being used to describe a noun can satisfy these three conditions, then they are almost certainly coordinate adjectives and require a comma. Let’s look at an example:

–       He was a smart, cheerful man.

Is the comma here correct? First, let’s replace the comma with the word “and.”

–       He was a smart and cheerful man.

This sentence still seems to make sense (although it does sound a bit awkward). So, let’s try reversing the order of the adjectives:

–       He was a cheerful, smart man.

Again, everything seems to make sense. Finally, let’s try replacing the comma with the word “and” and then reversing the order of the adjectives:

–       He was a cheerful and smart man.

Once again, everything makes sense, so we can be confident that the comma was actually necessary.

( I have taken this explanation from Mr Ron Purewal)

Hope this helps. Consider kudos if that helped

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________

Thank you =Kudos
The best thing in life lies on the other side of the pain.

Re: V11-16   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2018, 05:30

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# V11-16

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.