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V12-02

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V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 07:04
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  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:17) correct 63% (01:41) wrong based on 38 sessions

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Marine and Juhu beach, 5 miles from each other, are the two top beaches in country X. After recent epidemic at Marine beach in August, two months back, the influx of tourists in Juhu beach has increased when compared to same time in earlier years. It can, therefore, be concluded that this increase of tourists in Juhu beach is directly related to the epidemic in Marine beach.

Which of the following, if true, weakens the argument ?


A. In spite of epidemic at Marine beach, there was little effect on tourists who visited country X.
B. The influx of tourist is normally high in months after August as compared to rest of the year.
C. There were few cases of drowning in Juhu beach in the month of August this year.
D. Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.
E. Although the two beaches are just 5 miles, there has been no reported case of disease from area around Juhu beach.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 07:04
Official Solution:


Marine and Juhu beach, 5 miles from each other, are the two top beaches in country X. After recent epidemic at Marine beach in August, two months back, the influx of tourists in Juhu beach has increased when compared to same time in earlier years. It can, therefore, be concluded that this increase of tourists in Juhu beach is directly related to the epidemic in Marine beach.

Which of the following, if true, weakens the argument ?


A. In spite of epidemic at Marine beach, there was little effect on tourists who visited country X.
B. The influx of tourist is normally high in months after August as compared to rest of the year.
C. There were few cases of drowning in Juhu beach in the month of August this year.
D. Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.
E. Although the two beaches are just 5 miles, there has been no reported case of disease from area around Juhu beach.


A. The argument is about the visitors in Juhu beach, not about total visitors in country X.

B. The passage states that the visitors to Juhu beach this year is higher than that last year (during the same time). That in general the no. of visitors in August is high does not explain or refute the difference between the numbers in two years.

C. The conclusion of the passage is that the increase in number of visitors is the effect of epidemic in marine beach. Number of drownings in Juhu beach does not affect this causal relation.

D. Correct. If the conclusion is that X causes Z, then weakening statement would be something else Y causes Z, since this statement gives reason to doubt the conclusion: Y, not X causes Z. Here X = Epidemic in Marine beach, Z = increase in visitors in Juhu beach, and Y = opening of other tourist attractions.

E. The reasoning is same as that in option C: this statement does not oppose the causal relation.


Answer: D

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2016, 07:20
D: Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.

But, this option is not explicit about the cause and effect and it applies to juhu as well as marine.

Please help me with the strategies that should be applied in cause and effect scenarios.

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2016, 10:01
deepak268 wrote:
D: Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.

But, this option is not explicit about the cause and effect and it applies to juhu as well as marine.

Please help me with the strategies that should be applied in cause and effect scenarios.


There are 4 broad types of cause and effect questions that are very frequent in GMAT:

Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

Reversed logic:
Type 1: Strengthen: Y does not cause X.
Type 2: Weaken: Y causes X.

3rd factor:
Type 3: Strengthen: Z does not cause Y.
Type 4: Weaken: Z causes Y.

This question is of type 4.

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2017, 13:15
sayantanc2k wrote:
deepak268 wrote:
D: Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.

But, this option is not explicit about the cause and effect and it applies to juhu as well as marine.

Please help me with the strategies that should be applied in cause and effect scenarios.


There are 4 broad types of cause and effect questions that are very frequent in GMAT:

Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

Reversed logic:
Type 1: Strengthen: Y does not cause X.
Type 2: Weaken: Y causes X.

3rd factor:
Type 3: Strengthen: Z does not cause Y.
Type 4: Weaken: Z causes Y.

This question is of type 4.



When u said 4 types.. ie the type 1,2,3,4 you have mentioned.
But there are 3 categories of cause and effect arguments, right?

1)Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

2)Reversed logic:

3) 3rd factor

Am I right in my understanding?

Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 04:20
bharatimalik wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
deepak268 wrote:
D: Few of the much awaited tourist attractions have been opened in last three months in the three top beaches of country X.

But, this option is not explicit about the cause and effect and it applies to juhu as well as marine.

Please help me with the strategies that should be applied in cause and effect scenarios.


There are 4 broad types of cause and effect questions that are very frequent in GMAT:

Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

Reversed logic:
Type 1: Strengthen: Y does not cause X.
Type 2: Weaken: Y causes X.

3rd factor:
Type 3: Strengthen: Z does not cause Y.
Type 4: Weaken: Z causes Y.

This question is of type 4.



When u said 4 types.. ie the type 1,2,3,4 you have mentioned.
But there are 3 categories of cause and effect arguments, right?

1)Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

2)Reversed logic:

3) 3rd factor

Am I right in my understanding?

Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device
^

No, what I mean is that the passage will be in the structure (1), i.e.
Main passage:
Premise: X and Y are observed to happen together
Conclusion: X causes Y

THEN comes the question, which may be a strengthening type (reversed logic OR 3rd factor) or weakening type (reversed logic OR 3rd factor).

So for the same passage (Premise-conclusion), there can be 4 types of question:
1. strengthening reversed logic
2. strengthening 3rd factor
3. weakening reversed logic
4. weakening 3rd factor

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 03:29
Hi,
As Marine is also among top beaches , how it explains that why few tourist visiting Marine beach as compared to last year visiting numbers.
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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 05:04
anje29 wrote:
Hi,
As Marine is also among top beaches , how it explains that why few tourist visiting Marine beach as compared to last year visiting numbers.


Agreed. Could someone please explain?

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Re: V12-02 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 10:03
Evgart wrote:
anje29 wrote:
Hi,
As Marine is also among top beaches , how it explains that why few tourist visiting Marine beach as compared to last year visiting numbers.


Agreed. Could someone please explain?


I have the same doubt. Can any of the experts answer this?

Also, lets the say option C "There were few cases of drowning in Juhu beach in the month of August this year" , was phrased like this:
"There were fewer cases of drowning in Juhu beach in the month of August this year"


Then which answer would be more preferable/ more accurate ? Would C be a better option then?

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Re: V12-02   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2017, 10:03
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