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# V21-39

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Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
Posts: 128

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16 Feb 2018, 13:33
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (00:43) correct 67% (02:04) wrong based on 12 sessions

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A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

A. Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.
B. Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.
C. Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.
D. All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.
E. Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.
Manager
Joined: 19 May 2015
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16 Feb 2018, 13:34
Official Solution:

A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

A. Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.
B. Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.
C. Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.
D. All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.
E. Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.

Notice that the goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke, not among stroke victims in general. To achieve this goal, the medical center implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Again, the program is only targeting patients who have risk factors for stroke

Those educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, are based on the finding that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Thus, the medical center hopes that the educational materials will encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention and, thus, avoid major complications

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal of reducing the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke

(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke

The program is not aimed at first-time stroke victims who did not have risk factors prior to their first stroke. Rather, the program is aimed at patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Thus, choice (A) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal

(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves

The educational materials are designed to encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms. But if stroke victims themselves are rarely aware of the fact that they are experiencing stroke symptoms, they will not be able to act on this advice. This would limit the extent to which the program meets its goal, so keep (B)

(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications

The program's goal is not to eliminate the incidence of major complications after a stroke. Rather than goal is to reduc

the incidence of major complications. The program can still achieve this goal even if some stroke victims experience major complications after seeking immediate medical attention. Eliminate (C).

(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years

Just because the materials have been readily available on the Internet for several years does not mean that those with risk factors for a stroke have seen or studied those materials. Thus, this statement does not strongly suggest that reviewing those materials with patients who have risk factors for stroke would not be beneficial or that the program will not meet its goal. Eliminate (D).

(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button

The fact that many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke suggests that stroke victims might have trouble seeking medical assistance. By itself, this could limit the extent to which the program meets its goal. However, since patients are given wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance, this potential obstacle has been removed. Thus, choice (E) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal

Choice (B) is the best answer

Intern
Joined: 07 May 2018
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03 Jul 2018, 00:21
Hi,
I think this question needs some analysis.
The Question states that the educational material is being made available to Doctors who treat patients. We do not know whether the doctors were already aware of it or not. So there is a chance that the doctors may have some knowledge about the complications arising after stroke. Regardless of the above, now we are sure that after the plan is implemented more Doctors are well aware of what to do in such a situation.
Now if you look at Option B, it states that someone in family,(or near vicinity) can very well understand symptoms of stroke, which increases the likelihood that the patient will be taken to the medical center. And the plan will increase the chances that the doctors do necessary actions in order to reduce further complications.
For the above reason I feel the Option choice B is not a weakener, instead a strengthener.
I chose Choice D, because I thought making information available to doctors has no positive effect on Patients as patients already had option to know about complications through Internet.
I think I am missing something or the Stimulus needs to be modified maybe?
Re: V21-39 &nbs [#permalink] 03 Jul 2018, 00:21
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# V21-39

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