Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.

What is the value of the two-digit number x?

(1) The sum of the two digits is 4.

(2) The difference between the two digits is 2.

In the original condition, it is two-digit integer, which makes 2 variables. You need 2 equations in order to match with the number of equations. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make C the answer.

When 1) & 2), 13 and 31 are derived, which is not unique and not sufficient.

Therefore, the answer is E.

-> For cases where we need 2 more equations, such as original conditions with “2 variables”, or “3 variables and 1 equation”, or “4 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 70% chance that C is the answer, while E has 25% chance. These two are the majority. In case of common mistake type 3,4, the answer may be from A, B or D but there is only 5% chance. Since C is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition (It saves us time). Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, D or E.

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