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When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable income, a vici

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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 11:14
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja

Quote:
The vicious cycle described above could not result unless which of the following were true?


Can I replace unless with except and complete: cross out anything that ___ (the blank here is weakens)

Or:

Do I treat unless as a necessary condition (e.g. A student can not get higher grades in studies
unless he is consistent)

Hence, I need an answer choice that must be true to weaken the conclusion.

Quote:
In other words, if the vicious cycle could still occur regardless of whether an answer choice is true, then that answer choice should be eliminated


Is this similar to negation and we need to know its effect on conclusion?

adkikani, you are on the right track with your second idea:

Quote:
Do I treat unless as a necessary condition (e.g. A student can not get higher grades in studies
unless he is consistent)

But we don't want an answer choice that weakens the conclusion. We are looking for something that MUST be true in order for the vicious cycle to occur. So if the vicious cycle can occur regardless of whether a choice is true, then we can eliminate that answer.
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QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2018, 07:08
GMATNinja, can I re-frame the question "The vicious cycle described above could not result unless which of the following were true?" as

"The vicious cycle described above could not result if the following were true EXCEPT?" or indirectly

"The vicious cycle described above could result if the one of the following were true?"
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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2018, 08:23
seed wrote:
GMATNinja, can I re-frame the question "The vicious cycle described above could not result unless which of the following were true?" as

"The vicious cycle described above could not result if the following were true EXCEPT?" or indirectly

"The vicious cycle described above could result if the one of the following were true?"

I don't think either of these is quite right...

If you wanted to turn it into an except question, it would have to be something like, "the vicious cycle could still occur regardless of whether each of the following is true EXCEPT." But trying to re-frame questions is usually a bad idea that will just leave you twisted up and confused!

What's important here is that if the vicious cycle could still occur regardless of whether an answer choice is true, then that answer choice should be eliminated.

I hope that helps!
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QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2018, 04:35
I still don't get how not allowing for tax evasion in counting revenue would stop the vicious cycle. According to me, it would just decrease the increase in tax rate to some percentage, and unless taxes are zero(or there is any significant con of evading tax), there's always a possibility of tax evasion. I don't understand how a reduced increase in tax rates is going to stop the cycle.......!!!!

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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 10:42
Blackishmamba wrote:
I still don't get how not allowing for tax evasion in counting revenue would stop the vicious cycle. According to me, it would just decrease the increase in tax rate to some percentage, and unless taxes are zero(or there is any significant con of evading tax), there's always a possibility of tax evasion. I don't understand how a reduced increase in tax rates is going to stop the cycle.......!!!!

To be clear, when we choose (C) we are doing a couple of things:

  • We're agreeing that if lawmakers allow adequately for tax evasion, they could stop the vicious cycle. NOT allowing adequately for tax evasion is what enables the vicious cycle to result and continue.
  • We're identifying what would stop the vicious cycle, not necessarily what would stop tax evasion.

(C) is the best choice because it identifies an action on the part of lawmakers (not tax evaders) that could close one end of the cycle, but that action is not actually being taken. Consequently, the vicious cycle results, just as the author concludes.

In case the language is tripping you up, the phrase "allow for" is NOT the same as "allow." It's much closer to "account for." Here, have some examples of these phrases:

  • The parents allowed their children to eat candy outside the house, so they forbade their children from eating candy at home.
  • The parents allowed for the fact that their children eat candy outside the house, so they bought less candy to keep at home.
  • The parent accounted for the fact that their children eat candy outside the house, so they bought less candy to keep at home.

In the first bullet above, we're strictly talking about permission that is given or not given. In the second two bullets, we're talking about how people plan for certain outcomes, and change their actions accordingly.

I hope this helps!
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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 00:00
Hi GMATNINJA, I am still confused with the question "The vicious cycle described above could not result unless which of the following were true?".
Isn't it asking us to find the option which helps in stopping the vicious cycle?
If so, i feel C strongly allows a vicious cycle. Can you help me out?
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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2018, 09:35
krishnabalu wrote:
Hi GMATNINJA, I am still confused with the question "The vicious cycle described above could not result unless which of the following were true?".
Isn't it asking us to find the option which helps in stopping the vicious cycle?
If so, i feel C strongly allows a vicious cycle. Can you help me out?

krishnabalu, see if this portion of the original explanation helps:

    Let's think about what would happen if lawmakers DID allow adequately for revenue that will be lost through evasion.

    In other words, the lawmakers decide that they need some amount of tax revenue, and they set the tax rates accordingly. In doing so, they ASSUME that some people are going to evade income taxes. But that's okay because the lawmakers accounted for this in their calculations. So even though some people will evade taxes, the government is still getting all of the tax revenue that it expected to get.

    In that case, there is no need for additional tax revenue and, thus, no need to increase tax rates! That means that the vicious cycle would be avoided. The vicious cycle described above could not happen unless choice (C) were true, so (C) looks good.

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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 09:03
HI GMATNinja,

One clarification I would like to have. Are those options wrong which are not needed to be true for the vicious cycle to break? OR No matter the the wrong option is true or false, the vicious cycle doesn't break? And we are finding an option which has to be true to break the vicious cycle.
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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 14:57
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akshaykotha wrote:
HI GMATNinja,

One clarification I would like to have. Are those options wrong which are not needed to be true for the vicious cycle to break? OR No matter the the wrong option is true or false, the vicious cycle doesn't break? And we are finding an option which has to be true to break the vicious cycle.

akshaykotha, if the vicious cycle could still occur regardless of whether an answer choice is true or false, then that answer choice should be eliminated.

The correct answer is something that has to be true in order for the vicious cycle to occur, not something that has to be true in order to break the vicious cycle.

I hope that helps!
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Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
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Re: QOTD: When people evade income taxes by not declaring taxable &nbs [#permalink] 25 Sep 2018, 14:57

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