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Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph?

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Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 20:11
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A
B
C
D
E

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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:26) correct 45% (00:59) wrong based on 284 sessions

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Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph?

A) x^3
B) x^3 -1
C) 3x^3 + 2x
D) 3x^3 - 2x
E) x^3 + 3x^2 - x + 2


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Image
Attachment:
Graph.png
Graph.png [ 11.02 KiB | Viewed 3002 times ]
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 20:18
are we goin to use equation of line y=mx+b here?

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 22:00
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The graph is a plot of y=f(x) ,which we have to find. Look at the graph closely. The graph cuts at (0,0)

So when x=0, y =0 . This eliminates option B and E.
When you substitute 0 in option B, y= x^3 - 1, if x=0 -> y=0^3 -1 =-1. The corresponding co-ordinate is 0,-1 which is not the case with the graph

When you substitute 0 in option E , y= x^3+3x^2-x+2 , if x=0 y= 2. Again, the corresponding co-ordinate is 0,2 which is not the case.

Now we are left with options A,C and D.

In A, y =x^3. If x>0, y should be greater than 0. But this is not the case in the given graph. The graph has points in 4th quadrant which is (x,-y). So option A can be ruled out.

Now consider C , y=3x^3 + 2x. Again if x>0 , y should be greater than 0. Ex. if x=1 , y= 5. if x=1/10 , y = 0.003+ 0.2 = 0.203. But this is not the case in the given graph. The graph has points in 4th quadrant which is (x,-y). So option C can be ruled out.


Now consider D, y= 3x^3 -2x , In this case , for x>0 , y can be gretaer than 0 or less than 0. For ex, if x=1/10, y= 0.003-.02= -0.017. If x=1, y =1. For x=2, y=22. So for x> 0, Y can be less than or greater than 0, spanning I and IV quadrant. Therefore option D is correct.

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2009, 02:14
D it is
I don't think we can use the slope formula here... its a simple case of solving for X or Y and seeing the corresponding points on the graph.

What the source?
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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2009, 03:14
Just use elimination, or substitution, when u sub in (0,0), u eliminate two choices, and when u sub in a small number, u elminate A and C. then u are left with D

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2009, 09:36
thank u 'Learner' for writing so much.Thanks a lot.(deserver a kudos)
Sniper, source is Princeton prep course.

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2011, 21:07
Does this question represent real GMAT questions? I really doubt! Any thoughts?

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2011, 21:30
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well from the graph one can see three solutions - (0,0),(x,0) and (-x,0).

substituting for y = f(x) we have,

C and D options left.

With a positive value for X, Y = 0 as can be seen in the positive half of the graph.

D is the only option left.
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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2015, 10:28
Pretty sure calculus is not in the scope of the GMAT, so I apologize if this is a waste of time, but differentiation comes in handy here. There should be 2 points where the first derivative equals zero, i.e. a quadratic equation with 2 distinct roots for the local minima and maxima. This rules out A,B,and C. To decide between D and E, we apply second order conditions;we know that there is one inflection point at the origin, therefore the second derivative must = 0 where x = 0. For D, we have dy/dx = 9x^2 - 2; d2y/dx2 = 18x = 0, gives x=0, as required. Choose D. For E, we have dy/dx = 3x^2+6x-1. d2y/dx2 = 6x+6 =0. x is not 0. The answer is D

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2015, 13:44
No need to know the equation of this scary graph.

According to the graph, for x = 0. y = 0. This is possible in only three options. A,C and D

For x^3, when x is positive, x^3 would never come below the x axis and give a negative value. Hence, A is discarded.

From the other two options, take x as 0.5 and 1. Option D gives the negative dip.
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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph? [#permalink]

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MohitRulz wrote:
Image
Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph?

A) x^3
B) x^3 -1
C) 3x^3 + 2x
D) 3x^3 - 2x
E) x^3 + 3x^2 - x + 2


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Image
Attachment:
Graph.png


The answer is D as follows.

The graph shows that at x=0, y=0. Putting the value of x=0 in the above 5 equation will give that only A, C and D are left. B and E are out.
Now we will have to calculate the slope. So using the concept of differentiation the formula for slope are as follows.
A -> 3\(x^2\)
C -> 9\(x^2\) + 2
D -> 9\(x^2\) - 2

From the graph we also know that the slope at x=0 is -ve
Putting the value of x=0 in the above 3 equations, we get

A -> 3\(0^2\) --> 0
C -> 9\(0^2\) + 2 --> 2
D -> 9\(0^2\) - 2 --> -2

Only D satisfied the required condition,

Hence answer is D
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Re: Which of the following is a possible equation for the above graph?   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2017, 04:57
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