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Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 03:52
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Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resulting integer will be a multiple of 3? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 5 E. 6
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Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 08:44
stonecold wrote: Here 2^(any power ≥ 11) is a factor of three. Hence using the rule => Multiple  multiple is always a multiple We must subtract a multiple of 3 I.e we must subtract 3 Smash that C for me. I hope i am not missing anything Hi, this is not correct.. \(2^{11} or 2^{254312}\)will have ONLY 2 as prime factor A simple way would be \(2^1 =2\) , which requires 1 to be added for it to be div by 3.. \(2^2 = 4\) requires 1 to be subtracted .. and so on.. basically an ODD power of 2 requires 1 to be added to the number to be div by 3.. and any EVEN power would require 1 to be subtracted..here 256 is EVEN, so it requires 1 to be subtracted so \(2^{256}  1\) is div by 3 ans A
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 06:15
Here 2^(any power ≥ 11) is a factor of three. Hence using the rule => Multiple  multiple is always a multiple We must subtract a multiple of 3 I.e we must subtract 3 Smash that C for me. I hope i am not missing anything
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 08:28
stonecold wrote: Here 2^(any power ≥ 11) is a factor of three. Hence using the rule => Multiple  multiple is always a multiple We must subtract a multiple of 3 I.e we must subtract 3 Smash that C for me. I hope i am not missing anything I may be missing something here, but are you certain that your power of 2 rule checks out? I tried 2^15 and others. Unless I'm missing something, I don't think this would give the correct answer.



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Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 08:46
stonecold wrote: Here 2^(any power ≥ 11) is a factor of three.Hence using the rule => Multiple  multiple is always a multiple We must subtract a multiple of 3 I.e we must subtract 3 Smash that C for me. I hope i am not missing anything Your statement above (in red) is NOT correct. Important point, 2^number where number >11 can not be a FACTOR of 3 but will be a MULTIPLE of 3. 2^12 is definitely NOT a multiple of 3 as 2^12 will only have 2s in it. Coming back to the question, 2^1 leaves a remainder of 2 when divided by 3 2^2 leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 3 2^3 leaves a remainder of 2 when divided by 3 2^4 leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 3... etc. and the cyclicity continues. Thus, \(2^{526}\) will leave a remainder of 1 when divided by 3. Thus you must subtract 1 from \(2^{526}\) to make it divisible by 3. A is thus the correct answer. Hope this helps.



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25 Apr 2016, 08:49
I made a HUGE error.!!!!!!!! What was i thinking...!!!!!!!! offcourse 2^anything can never be divisible by 3..!!! I think i need a break Thanks chetan2 and Engr2012Regards StoneCold
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 10:57
Anyway binomial expansion would help solve this? Basically upon opening the binomial expansion, everything but the last digit would be divisible by 3. (31)^n
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Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 11:03
rahulkashyap wrote: Anyway binomial expansion would help solve this? Basically upon opening the binomial expansion, everything but the last digit would be divisible by 3. (31)^n
Posted from my mobile device Hey rahulkashyapYes I think we can use that here 2^526 = (31)^526 => expanding using (ab)^n => all terms will have 3 but the last Expanding the same => 3^526 * .........(1)^526 => 3p+1 for some integer p hence the remainder will be 1 P.S => Thank you for reminding me that Binomial can be a Saviour on the GMAT find the remainder Question..!!
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 11:21
stonecold wrote: rahulkashyap wrote: Anyway binomial expansion would help solve this? Basically upon opening the binomial expansion, everything but the last digit would be divisible by 3. (31)^n
Posted from my mobile device Hey rahulkashyapYes I think we can use that here 2^526 = (31)^526 => expanding using (ab)^n => all terms will have 3 but the last Expanding the same => 3^526 * .........(1)^526 => 3p+1 for some integer p hence the remainder will be 1 P.S => Thank you for reminding me that Binomial can be a Saviour on the GMAT find the remainder Question..!! Most, if not all, remainder questions in GMAT can be solved by cyclicity. So, yes, use Binomial theorem if you are comfortable with it but do not forget about cyclicity (I did not use Binomial Theorem but used cyclicity instead).



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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 12:36
Bunuel wrote: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resulting integer will be a multiple of 3?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 5 E. 6 No need to go till the fourth power of 2 ; second power of 2 is sufficient\(2^{526}\) = \({2}^{2*128}\) \({2}^{2*128}\) = \(4^{128}\) 4/3 will produce 1 as remainder 1^128 = 1 Hence remainder will be 1 PS : Binomial Theorem is not in GMAT Syllabus , however if one is through with it , its his/her choice  Objective is to get the answer correct in whatever method you are confident with in least amount of time...Abhishek
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 12:45
Abhishek009 wrote: Bunuel wrote: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resulting integer will be a multiple of 3?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 5 E. 6 No need to go till the fourth power of 2 ; second power of 2 is sufficient\(2^{526}\) = \({2}^{2*128}\) \({2}^{2*128}\) = \(4^{128}\) 4/3 will produce 1 as remainder 1^128 = 1 Hence remainder will be 1 PS : Binomial Theorem is not in GMAT Syllabus , however if one is through with it , its his/her choice  Objective is to get the answer correct in whatever method you are confident with in least amount of time...AbhishekHey Just one doubt i have => when you say 4/3 gives one as the remainder ; you are essentially writing 4 as 3P+1 so (3p+1)^128 Isn't that binomial ?? Clearly that isnt cyclicity Regards Stonecold
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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25 Apr 2016, 13:01
stonecold wrote: Hey Just one doubt i have => when you say 4/3 gives one as the remainder ; you are essentially writing 4 as 3P+1 so (3p+1)^128 Isn't that binomial ?? Clearly that isnt cyclicity Regards Stonecold[/quote] {4^1} / 3 =4/3 remainder 1 {4^2} / 3 = 16/3 remainder 1 {4^3} / 3 = 64/3 remainder 1 {4^4} / 3 = 256/3 remainder 1 Actually the same remainder keeps repeating .....Try with a diff no, say 2 {2^1}/3 = remainder 2 {2^2}/3 = remainder 1 {2^3}/3 = remainder 2 {2^4}/3 = remainder 1 Se there is a cyclic pattern.... Hope this helps , we are using this logic to solve the problem and/ or any other problem involving remainder.
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Apr 2016, 04:07
Bunuel wrote: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resulting integer will be a multiple of 3?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 5 E. 6 The Answer is A) as a lot of people have written before me. But what I want to add about this question, is that if you don't have an approach on how to solve it, it is very easy to see that only option A) and B) could be true. If it would be C, well then the resulting integer would already be a multiple of 3. If it would be D), then it would also be true for B) since 52=3. The same counts for E) 63=3 which is C).



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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Apr 2016, 05:52
Just follow the pattern:
2^2 = 4 (1 to be multiple of 3) 2^3 = 8 (2 to be multiple of 3) 2^4 = 16 (1 to be multiple of 3) 2^5 = 32 (2 to be multiple of 3)
The pattern is subtracting 1 or 2. 2^256 is even, thus you must subtract 1 for a multiple of 3.



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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Feb 2019, 01:42
stonecold, chetan2u, Abhishek009Thank you for the binomial method, indeed very helpful. I was just wondering what happens if the last term in the binomial is not even, e.g. if it would be xp1, would the remainder then be x1? Or can we only use the binomial method if the last term is positive (hence with even exponents)?
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Feb 2019, 03:14
ghnlrug wrote: stonecold, chetan2u, Abhishek009Thank you for the binomial method, indeed very helpful. I was just wondering what happens if the last term in the binomial is not even, e.g. if it would be xp1, would the remainder then be x1? Or can we only use the binomial method if the last term is positive (hence with even exponents)? The xp1 not understood. Please give some values ..
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Feb 2019, 06:21
chetan2u wrote: ghnlrug wrote: stonecold, chetan2u, Abhishek009Thank you for the binomial method, indeed very helpful. I was just wondering what happens if the last term in the binomial is not even, e.g. if it would be xp1, would the remainder then be x1? Or can we only use the binomial method if the last term is positive (hence with even exponents)? The xp1 not understood. Please give some values .. Thanks for the quick reply, so assuming the value would have been \(4^{525}\) and we want to know the remainder when divided by 3, we could then say \((41)^{525}\), and the remainder would be (31)=2, is that correct? And can we do that in any such case?
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Re: Which of the following must be subtracted from 2^526 so that the resul
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28 Feb 2019, 09:28
ghnlrug wrote: chetan2u wrote: ghnlrug wrote: stonecold, chetan2u, Abhishek009Thank you for the binomial method, indeed very helpful. I was just wondering what happens if the last term in the binomial is not even, e.g. if it would be xp1, would the remainder then be x1? Or can we only use the binomial method if the last term is positive (hence with even exponents)? The xp1 not understood. Please give some values .. Thanks for the quick reply, so assuming the value would have been \(4^{525}\) and we want to know the remainder when divided by 3, we could then say \((41)^{525}\), and the remainder would be (31)=2, is that correct? And can we do that in any such case? If it is \(4^{525}\), we can write it as \((3+1)^{525}\)... so the remainder will be \(1^{525}\), which is 1.. But If it is \(2^{525}\), we can write it as \((31)^{525}\)... so the remainder will be \((1)^{525}\), which is 1. But the remainder cannot be negative, so remainder will be 31 or 2. This would be the case even when \(4^{525}\) is divided by 5, we can write it as \((51)^{525}\)... so the remainder will be \((1)^{525}\), which is 1. Thus the remainder here will be 51 or 4.
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