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# While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon

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Manager
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While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 11:13
15
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (01:37) correct 39% (01:36) wrong based on 586 sessions

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While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 10:54
5
akshayk wrote:
haardiksharma wrote:
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they

This took me 2 minutes. Was stuck between B and D.
Finally eliminated D as it broke off colleges and universities by removing the and, and putting a comma, and we ideally want them to be one thing here. And this breaks parallelism.

While indicates a contrast should follow in the next clause, and since "while...." is a dependent clause, the main clause needs a subject, and 'they' helps with that.

Now about pronoun antecedent.
For B - they is clearly referring to students in rural areas as students in rural areas are the subject of the preceding clause. Secondly, they enroll.... and pursue... maintains parallelism.

Any other thoughts?

While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and - I picked this first, as by removing all the modifiers, the sentence read fine - "While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students.......exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates. The error here would meaning - it would mean suburban students are doing so, not the rural ones
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and - Correct placement of THEY ENROLL - meaning rural students enroll, not suburban ones
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they - wrong, why use 'they' two times
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and incorrect placement of commas and and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they incorrect construction,they should come earlier

Again, a really amazing question, testing attention to detail in sentences :D
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 11:35
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they

This intend of this sentence is to show contrast.

while students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students , they enrol in four year colleges and universities and blah ..blah...

we need two independent clause here,

They perfectly refers to the subject of the firs clause.
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 11:48
1
haardiksharma wrote:
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they

This took me 2 minutes. Was stuck between B and D.
Finally eliminated D as it broke off colleges and universities by removing the and, and putting a comma, and we ideally want them to be one thing here. And this breaks parallelism.

While indicates a contrast should follow in the next clause, and since "while...." is a dependent clause, the main clause needs a subject, and 'they' helps with that.

Now about pronoun antecedent.
For B - they is clearly referring to students in rural areas as students in rural areas are the subject of the preceding clause. Secondly, they enroll.... and pursue... maintains parallelism.

Any other thoughts?
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 11:58
1
In order to use a pronoun, the pronoun should only have one referent throughout the sentence. They can refer to Suburban students too, hence incorrect imo.

D has no ambiguity
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 03:04
1
D has parallelism error. Students enroll in colleges, universities, and (students) pursue advance degrees. Should have and between college and universities for it to be correct.
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 01:12
1
haardiksharma wrote:
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they

The sentence starts with "While....." , indicating that its a subordinate clause [which cant stand alone]. Hence we will required an independent clause in the second part.
Option A and E is wrong because "While students....graduate...to those...and perform, enroll...,and purse" is a fragment. Verb graduate cannot act as main verb here. Hence A out.
Option C is wrong because the "While" clause is dependent. Usage of semicolon is wrong since we use it to separate two independent clauses.

Now between B and D, if we try to focus on the last part of the sentence - "...rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities and..." VS "... enroll in four-year colleges and universities and...", the latter is more clear and parallel and makes sense in the sentence as a whole. Hence D out and B is the winner.
Always keep pronoun ambiguity as your last resort in elimination. Remember official answer sometimes have pronoun ambiguity.

Hope this helps
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2017, 10:48
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and - WRONG, if we observe closely, there is no independent clause at all, just subordinate clause - while .... standing alone.

B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and - CORRECT, concise and clear, pronoun correctly refers to "students in rural areas"
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they - WRONG, again, while... stands alone without independent clause before semicolon
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and - WRONG, "and" missing between in colleges and universities, rural students sounds like they belong to one type, rural students, normal students, abnormal students.
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they - WRONG, "they missing" before enroll
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2018, 07:24
egmat , @veritasprepkarishma , Abhishek009 , broall , Skywalker18

I am still confused. Why can't "they" refer to Urban students?

Secondly, can we eliminate A,D,E because we should use "four-year" instead of "four year"??
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2018, 12:48
2
Top Contributor
In general, if the pronoun is a subject pronoun, then it refers to the subject as a thumb rule. If hypothetically there is no suitable subject, then the pronoun may refer to the nearest object or the object of the proposition.

E.g., while ABC outperform XYZ in something, they underperform in some other thing. -- Here 'they' is a subject pronoun and hence correctly refers to the subject ABC.

Also, they cannot refer to XYZ because such a structure does not convey the correct meaning of contrast, as we can see below.
While ABC outperform XYZ in something, XYZ underperform in some other thing-- Already XYZ are underperforming ABC, and if they were to underperform ABC again, then the contrast loses its relevance.
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2019, 02:11
2
haardiksharma wrote:
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

A major key to solving this problem correctly is recognizing the word "While" at the beginning of the sentence. Because of the word "while," the entire portion of the sentence leading up to (and including) the word "exam" serves as a modifier to introduce the main subject-predicate of the sentence after the comma. This construction begs a subject ("they") after the comma, meaning that choices A and E - which do not include a subject after the comma - are incorrect.

Then look at the meaning of the sentence, also set up by "while" - the sentence seeks to say that although rural students have statistics that would seem to set them up for great success in higher education, they instead enroll in college and pursue masters degrees at lower rates. Choice C fails to hold that meaning, treating "they enroll in four-year colleges and universities" as a separate and parallel action to "they pursue advanced degrees at lower rates." Via that construction, "at lower rates" only applies to the pursuit of advanced degrees, making "they enroll in college" an illogical phrase to include.

Choice D is also incorrect, as it includes a bungled list. By saying "rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and pursue..." the sentence fails to link similar nouns (colleges and universities) with a conjunction, and/or incorrectly treats the verb "pursue advanced degrees" as another entity in which students enroll.

The correct choice is B, which correctly introduces the subject "they" after the comma and logically connects the activities that "they" do at a lower rate.
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2019, 02:29
Why not c?
They enroll, they pursue...isn't this an example
of parallelism?

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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2019, 02:32
Quote:
While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

Hi Folks,
Whats wrong with original sentence?
Two parallel actions for students from rural areas are being described:
Action 1: graduate.....and perform.....,
Action 2: enrollment in colleges and uni...
Here, the doer of the action in second part of the sentence after comma (enroll in....) is not clear. This makes the original sentence incorrect.
A exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and : Explained above
B exams, they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and : Correct. Here, they clearly refer to the subject of the first clause - students from rural areas, no ambiguity.
C exams; they enroll in four-year colleges and universities and they : Incorrect. A semi-colon gives a bigger pause and the While clause is left hanging without a proper subordinate.
D exams, rural students enroll in four year colleges, universities, and : Incorrect. rural modifies students-Wrong. Comma between colleges and universities distorts the parallelism.
E exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and they : Incorrect. missing subject for enroll. Same as A
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2019, 06:29
Doer01 wrote:
Hi Folks,
Whats wrong with original sentence?
Hi Doer01,

One of the problems with option A is that it leads to a sentence fragment.

While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates second only to those of suburban students (by a single percentage point), and perform at or above the national average on the ACT and SAT exams, enroll in four year colleges and universities, and pursue advanced degrees at significantly lower rates.

We're left with only the dependent clause introduced by while.

While students graduate, and perform, enroll, and pursue...
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Re: While students in rural areas graduate from high school at rates secon   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2019, 06:29
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