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# Within the last fifty years, the majority of the United States workfor

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Within the last fifty years, the majority of the United States workfor  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2019, 15:17
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68% (01:52) correct 32% (02:14) wrong based on 114 sessions

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Within the last fifty years, the majority of the United States workforce has moved from the manufacturing to the service sector of the economy. This shift has occurred, not because of a decline in the production of goods, but because, with applications of new technology, more production of goods can now be achieved with relatively fewer people, and more people are therefore available to satisfy the increased demand for services.

Which of the following, if true, provides evidence to support the claim made above that more production of goods can now be achieved with relatively fewer people?

(A) Many manufacturing industries in the United States have lost a significant share of their domestic and foreign, markets to foreign producers.
(B) Services accounted for half of all jobs in the late 1940's but today account for seventy percent of all jobs.
(C) Manufacturing output was one-third higher in 1980 than in ] 970, while manufacturing employment grew only five percent during that period.
(D) Manufacturing industries, on average, pay a higher per-hour wage and use fewer parttime employees than do service industries.
(E) Living standards in states that have shifted to manufacturing economies within the last fifty years are closer to the national average now than ,in 1940

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Re: Within the last fifty years, the majority of the United States workfor  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2019, 11:56
We need evidence to support the claim that more goods can now be produced by fewer workers. Only answer C even discusses the relationship between goods production and number of workers, so it is the only answer that has any chance to be right. I find the logic a bit tenuous though, since the question is about "now" but the evidence is from 40-50 years ago. Yes, it does suggest that something changed "within the last 50 years", but evidence that old doesn't say much about the situation "now". Still, it's a much better answer than the rest of them.
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Re: Within the last fifty years, the majority of the United States workfor   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2019, 11:56