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Women's grassroots activism and their vision of a new civic consciousn

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New post 11 Nov 2019, 00:22
Question no3 is very tricky i have read all the explanations for it but still not clear its pretty vague .... some people tried to explain answer by referring to the lines above that highlighted part but the problem is i read it while answering the question but could not see how is the author asserting the previous statement can someone give a clear picture of it...
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New post 11 Nov 2019, 01:59
Q.3 has the correct answer of A but how is it possible that while mentioning the word But', the sentence is asserting the statement??
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New post 16 Dec 2019, 20:14
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Maddystar wrote:
Q.3 has the correct answer of A but how is it possible that while mentioning the word But', the sentence is asserting the statement??

Question #3 asks us why the author mentions women historians in the sentence below:
Quote:
To the reformers, child labor and industrial home work were equally inhumane practices that should be outlawed, but, as a number of women historians have recently observed, working-class mothers did not always share this view.

Take another look at the exact language of answer choice (A):
Quote:
A provide support for an assertion made in the preceding sentence

The "assertion" referenced here happens in the preceding sentence, not the sentence with the highlighted text. To evaluate (A), take a look at that preceding sentence from the passage:

Quote:
Ironically, though, child labor legislation pitted women of different classes against one another.

The author asserts in this sentence that this issue pitted women of different classes against one another.

Then, in the next sentence, the author uses the observation of women historians to provide support for this assertion. How were women of different classes pitted against one another? Well, reformers (described earlier as "white middle-class women") viewed child labor as "inhumane," but working class mothers did not always share this view.

The 'but" here sets up a contrast between the views of women from different classes in order to support the assertion made in the previous sentence. (A) is the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
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New post 11 Jun 2020, 13:21
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

In question 5 can you explain correct ans. i haven't seen that author agrees with statement although author mentions that it's not an exploitative practice in this line(This is not to dispute women reformers' perception of child labor as a terribly exploitative practice, but their understanding of child labor and their legislative solutions for ending
it failed to take account of the economic needs of working-class families.) it's not kind of saying they were correct in conviction.Can we say he is not against their perception of child labor laws so he agreed with them.
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New post 12 Jun 2020, 21:55
GMATNinja Could you please explain the answer to the first question?
I was split between options D and E.
I chose E.

Why is E the wrong option?
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New post 15 Jun 2020, 00:45
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saby1410 wrote:
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

In question 5 can you explain correct ans. i haven't seen that author agrees with statement although author mentions that it's not an exploitative practice in this line(This is not to dispute women reformers' perception of child labor as a terribly exploitative practice, but their understanding of child labor and their legislative solutions for ending
it failed to take account of the economic needs of working-class families.) it's not kind of saying they were correct in conviction.Can we say he is not against their perception of child labor laws so he agreed with them.



Yet reformers rarely understood this resistance in terms of the desperate economic situation of working-class families, interpreting it instead as evidence of poor parenting. This is not to dispute women reformers' perception of child labor as a terribly exploitative practice, but their understanding of child labor and their legislative solutions for ending it failed to take account of the economic needs of working-class families.

The author is not disputing the reformers' perception of child labour as a terribly exploitative practice. So he agrees that the reformers' perception was correct.
But he says that reformers' understanding failed to take the economic needs into account.

5. The author of the passage asserts which of the following about women reformers who tried to abolish child labor?

A They alienated working-class mothers by attempting to enlist them in agitating for progressive causes.
B They underestimated the prevalence of child labor among the working classes.
C They were correct in their conviction that child labor was deplorable but shortsighted about the impact of child labor legislation on working-class families.
D They were aggressive in their attempts to enforce child labor legislation, but were unable to prevent working-class families from circumventing them.
E They were prevented by their nearly total disenfranchisement from making significant progress in child labor reform.

Option (C) tells us exactly this.
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New post 23 Jun 2020, 23:43
GMATNinja wrote:
mzaid wrote:
Can someone please explain the Q3, as the OA is A, But it is quite opposite to the one stated in previous line.

Quote:
3. The author of the passage mentions the observations of women historians (the highlight text)[women historians have recently observed] most probably in order to

A provide support for an assertion made in the preceding sentence
B raise a question that is answered in the last sentence of the passage
C introduce an opinion that challenges a statement made in the first sentence of the passage
D offer an alternative view to the one attributed in the passage to working-class mothers
E point out a contradiction inherent in the traditional view of child labor reform as it is presented in the passage

Notice that choice (A) refers to the preceding sentence, not the preceding line!

The preceding sentence is, "Ironically, though, child labor legislation pitted women of different classes against one another." The observations of women historians -- described in the subsequent sentence ("To the reformers... share this view.") -- support that statement.


Can you please explain the previous line ? pitted against one another ?
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New post 25 Jun 2020, 17:25
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Question 1


Anisha1308 wrote:
GMATNinja Could you please explain the answer to the first question?
I was split between options D and E.
I chose E.

Why is E the wrong option?

This passage describes the activities of women's grassroots activism. It describes some of the victories achieved by white middle-class women reformers before discussing their disagreement with working-class mothers over the issue of child labor laws.

Let's take a closer look at (E) to see why it is the wrong option:
Quote:
E revise a traditional view of the role played by women reformers in enacting Progressive Era reforms

For (E) to be the correct option, the passage would need to tell us what the traditional view of the role played by women reformers is, why it is wrong, and what our new view should be. This doesn't happen in the passage.

While we are told about the recent observations of women historians, this is not to change a view of the reformers but to tell us that working-class women did not always share the views of the reformers.

There is nothing in the passage to suggest it is trying to revise a traditional view of the women reformers, this is why (E) is not the answer to this question.

Now, let's take a look at (D):
Quote:
D discuss an oversight on the part of women reformers of the Progressive Era

The final sentence of the passage suggests that the women reformers' "understanding of child labor and their legislative solutions for ending it failed to take account of the economic needs of working-class families."

Most of the passage is spent discussing the disagreement between the white middle-class women reformers and the working-class mothers over child labor laws. This final sentence summarizes the nature of the disagreement and tells us it came about because of an oversight made by the women reformers. This is why (D) is the answer to this question.

I hope that helps!
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New post 26 Jun 2020, 02:16
Can anyone please post the explanation for the last question?
Thanks!

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New post 07 Jul 2020, 14:43
nikitamaheshwari wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
mzaid wrote:
Can someone please explain the Q3, as the OA is A, But it is quite opposite to the one stated in previous line.

Quote:
3. The author of the passage mentions the observations of women historians (the highlight text)[women historians have recently observed] most probably in order to

A provide support for an assertion made in the preceding sentence
B raise a question that is answered in the last sentence of the passage
C introduce an opinion that challenges a statement made in the first sentence of the passage
D offer an alternative view to the one attributed in the passage to working-class mothers
E point out a contradiction inherent in the traditional view of child labor reform as it is presented in the passage

Notice that choice (A) refers to the preceding sentence, not the preceding line!

The preceding sentence is, "Ironically, though, child labor legislation pitted women of different classes against one another." The observations of women historians -- described in the subsequent sentence ("To the reformers... share this view.") -- support that statement.


Can you please explain the previous line ? pitted against one another ?

To pit one thing against another means to cause both things to be in opposition to or in competition with the other. So, when the previous sentence mentions that child labor legislation pitted women of different classes against one another, it means that working- and middle-class women disagreed about the legislation.

I hope that helps!
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