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A study of ticket sales at a summer theater festival found that people

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Re: A study of ticket sales at a summer theater festival found that people  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 09:58
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
A study of ticket sales at a summer theater festival found that people who bought tickets to individual plays had a no-show rate of less than 1 percent, while those who paid in advance for all ten plays being performed that summer had a no-show rate of nearly 30 percent. This may be at least in part because the greater the awareness customers retain about the cost of an item, the more likely they are to use it.

Which of the following would, if true, best serve as an alternative explanation of the results of the study?

(A) The price per ticket was slightly cheaper for those who bought all ten tickets in advance.
(B) Many people who attended the theater festival believed strongly that they should support it financially.
(C) Those who attended all ten plays became eligible for a partial refund.
(D) Usually, people who bought tickets to individual plays did so immediately prior to each performance that they attended.
(E) People who arrived just before the performance began could not be assured of obtaining seats in a preferred location.



EMPOWERgmat Enhanced Explanation:

Type: Weaken (asked in a rather creative manner)
Boil It Down: Awareness of cost -> More likely to use
Missing Information: An alternative cause
Goal: This question is asking us for an alternative cause to the one given, and is there by asking us to effectively weaken the explanation given. One particularly obvious explanation has to do with when these different groups by tickets. The farther in advance, the greater the chance that something might come up.

This is a 180 option. If the package includes a slight discount, then that would further reinforce the explanation given that the awareness of cost is to blame. The more expensive, the more likely they are to attend, and vice versa.

This option raises a factor that’s applicable to both the individual ticket purchasers and the 10 pack purchasers, and thus provides no alternative explanation.

Another 180 option. This option says that those who ATTEND ALL 10 plays become eligible for a partial refund; therefore, this option would provide a rationale for people to attend ALL of the plays. We need an alternative rationale as to why they didn’t attend all 10 plays. As an aside, if they have to attend all 10 to then be eligible for a partial refund, I’m not exactly sure what they’d be refunded for since they've already gone, but nonetheless, this option definitely doesn’t give us an alternative cause.

Here we go. This option explains that those who purchase tickets to attend individual plays are right there and ready to watch the show. Well, that definitely explains why individual show purchasers have an attendance rate that is so much higher. These are people who are there, and ready to watch that particular play right then.

The seat people are sit in doesn’t clearly appear to be linked to no-show rates. Additionally, this option actually doesn’t specify which type of ticket holder the option is referring to: single or 10 pack holders? In that sense this option is a wash.


How is option A and C opposite answers?? Can you please explain?
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New post 14 Apr 2019, 14:49
I do not quite agree.

The OA explains why people who buy individual tickets have a no show rate less of than 1% but this option does not say anything at all about people who but tickets for all the shows at the same time. Had this option stated that such a group tends to buy the tickets in advance. It would have made a stronger case for itself. I chose the OA assuming what should have been stated in the correct answer choice. Please correct me if you think otherwise. Thanks!
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New post 15 Jul 2019, 20:14
mallya12 wrote:
Why is option B wrong here??

Those who paid in advance for all 10 plays might be willing to support the festival. The no show rate might be higher because people are not interested in the show but at the same time want to support the festival. Those who bought individual tickets didn't show interest in supporting because the amount contributed was less by a single ticket.

Someone please clarify my doubt


You have to be much more careful when going through a Critical Reasoning question. You're trying to reason to yourself why B is the answer (maybe even partially with the process of prethinking), instead of seeing why it cannot be the answer.

What I find is that most people who cannot actually deeply understand a stimulus, will label some answer choices as 'irrelevant' or 'out of scope.' That's exactly what GMAC wants you to believe - is that some of the written answer choices were bogus and had no place being there while in fact, each answer choice is related to the stimulus. On more difficult questions, you have to be able to decipher why an answer is wrong or why someone else would've chosen such an answer, and what the trap was. Your job is to avoid the land mines!

Let's actually dig into and analyze what B) says.

(B) Many people who attended the theater festival believed strongly that they should support it financially.

So the people who actually show up to the festival believed that they should support the festival. Sure, that may be true, but what is the direct connection to the phenomenon? The phenomenon being that more people who buys tickets ahead are no-shows and those who buy it immediately mostly attend.

Simply purchasing the tickets does NOT mean attending. So this really only addresses the people who attend. We are still left scratching our heads as to why people would buy tickets, and not show up.
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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:55
LogicGuru1 wrote:
Answer is D

See this analogy

First Case :- You are about to reach Times Square to attend a protest against demolition of poor people's houses by a big corporation that wants to build a hotel at that location. But before coming to the protest you drank 2 litre of water and now you also need to pee urgently. Your bladder is about to burst. So while moving towards the protest area you suddenly see a pay and use Toilet-Facility on your right hand side of the road. You run to it and pay 10 cent, go inside and pee.
What are the chances that you will not pee after seeing the toilet or after paying for the 10 cent ticket. very less !!! Right

Another case:- Your parents have given you 20 McDonald Happy Hour Coupons that are valid for one whole year. What are the chances that you will run to your nearest McDonald to use those coupons as soon as you receive them ? Not as high as the urgent "I need to pee" case.

Now let us look at this problem in hand :- You reach theatre at the last minute. You shout at the clerk at the box office:- "Hey man.. has the show started". He says "Not yet but it is about to start in 2 minutes". You say "Give me a ticket" and then you run inside to grab a seat. You are unlikely to miss a show that you have come to see at the last minute, with the sole purpose of watching it.

This is what option D is saying.

It is presenting to us a validly different reason why single ticket buyers don't miss the show.

(D) Usually, people who bought tickets to individual plays did so immediately prior to each performance that they attended.

Now people who had booked the show in advance ( say 2 months before) are more likely to miss the show because they might forget about the show. or might get busy in work or might get some other important task to be done at the same time as the show starts. or might get injured or might leave the city and thus are NOT able to attend the show.

SUCH A THING WILL NEVER HAPPEN TO A PERSON WHO IS AT THE THEATRE JUST BEFORE THE SHOW STARTS AND THEREFORE A PERSON WHO BUYS A TICKET IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO EASH SHOW DOES NOT MISS THAT SHOW AS INDICATED BY ANSWER CHOICE "D"

(D) Usually, people who bought tickets to individual plays did so immediately prior to each performance that they attended.





notwithstanding wrote:
A study of ticket sales at a summer theater festival found that people who bought tickets to individual plays had a no-show rate of less than 1 percent, while those who paid in advance for all ten plays being performed that summer had a no-show rate of nearly 30 percent. This may be at least in part because the greater the awareness customers retain about the cost of an item, the more likely they are to use it.

Which of the following would, if true, best serve as an alternative explanation of the results of the study?

(A) The price per ticket was slightly cheaper for those who bought all ten tickets in advance.
(B) Many people who attended the theater festival believed strongly that they should support it financially.
(C) Those who attended all ten plays became eligible for a partial refund.
(D) Usually, people who bought tickets to individual plays did so immediately prior to each performance that they attended.
(E) People who arrived just before the performance began could not be assured of obtaining seats in a preferred location.

I think this classifies as weaken. Asked in a weird way.

Very good explanation and analogy. Thank you so much...
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Re: A study of ticket sales at a summer theater festival found that people   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2019, 08:55

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