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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and

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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2005, 08:43
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A
B
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D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

68% (02:53) correct 32% (02:57) wrong based on 556 sessions

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50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3
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New post 25 Nov 2005, 09:04
83 1/3...best way is to construct a matrix...

..........h......no h....total
w.......50..................
no w..0,25x............x
total............40......100

fill in...
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New post 25 Nov 2005, 14:38
yup you need to construct a matrix

X********| Windows'|No Windows'''| total
hardFl****'|50*****''|10*********'|60
Not hardFl*|10******|30*********'|40
Total*****|60******'|40*********'|100


so percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors = 50/60 *100

= 83 1/3

so E is the answer.[/u]
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 06:57
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E. Is that the correct answer choice. Please post OA.

Here is my working...
a = total windows
b = total of no windows

HW = .5 (given in the problem statement)
(No W,H) = 0.25b
H = 0.6 (given in the problem statement)
No H = 0.4 (deduced as 1 -.06, but this is not needed to solve the problem)

HW + (No W,H) = 0.60
.5+0.25b = 0.60
b = 0.40
Therefore a = 1-b = 1-.40 = 0.60 (proportion of apartments with windows)

Therefore the desired proportion = (HW/a)*100 = (0.5/0.6) * 100 = 83.33% (E).

Goldgoldandgold, could you please confirm the answer.
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 09:32
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E. did it by simple picking numbers and creating a table. check this out.
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solution.xls [7 KiB]
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2011, 01:07
total apartments = 100
with windows and hardwoods = 50
without windows = 50

without windows but having hardwoods = 0.25 *50 = 12.25

12.25 + with windows and hardwoods = 60
with windows and hardwoods = 47.75

% = 47.75 / 50 > 50%
Hence E.
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Re: 50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2013, 14:50
2
Tagger wrote:
Still can't get the solution using the Double matrix

Please help !


Take a look at the image.

X is the percentage of Non-Window, and we know that 25% of that number has Hardwood => 0.25x is in the cell (NW, H) and 0,75x is, of course, in the (NW, NH) cell.
(\(0.25x+0.75x=x\)). The tot Hardwood is 60%, and is composed by the first row: \(50+0.25x=60\) x=40. Ok, we have X, or the tot perc of NonWindows.
Now we know also that \(y+40%=100%\) and clearly y = 60% => tot perc of W is 60%.This is composed by the cell [Window, Hardwood (50%)] and by the cell [Window, NonHardwood (that must be 10% since 50%+10%=60%)]

And now we have all the data we can have. To answer the question: "what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?" we must calculate the fraction (apartments with windows and hardwood floors [W,H])/(apartments with windows[W]) = \(\frac{50%}{60%}\) = \(83 \frac{1}{3}\)

Hope it's clear
Attachments

matrix.png
matrix.png [ 2.63 KiB | Viewed 8733 times ]


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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2016, 06:32
GMATT73 wrote:
50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3




------------------

HI Bunuel,

Could you please help here with a quicker way to solve such problems.

I used the Double matrix but it still took me 3 mins or a few secs more. May be bcoz I was trying to be a bit careful/slow trying not to get lost by the question wording.

How can we solve such problems from Sets. Is Matrix the best way ?

Cheers!
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Re: 50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 06:43
GMATT73 wrote:
50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3


Hi..

In this Q you can get your answer in 10 secs

50% of ALL (that is 100%) apartments have window and hardwood floors..

now we are looking at having BOTH as a % of THOSE having windows..
which will be MORE than 50%.
ONLY E is left


In form of equation-
\(\frac{Both}{W}>\frac{Both}{W+NW}.....\frac{Both}{W}>50%\)
W is house with windows
NW is houses without windows
ALL = W + NW

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Re: 50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2018, 17:42
GMATT73 wrote:
50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3


We can let the total number of apartments = 100.

So, 50 have windows and hardwood floors.

Since 40 do not have hardwood floors, then 60 do have hardwood floors.

Thus, 60 - 50 = 10 have hardwood floors but no windows.

We are given that 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors and we found the number of such apartments is 10. If 25% of the apartments without windows is 10, the total number of apartments without windows is 10/0.25 = 40. Thus, there are 100 - 40 = 60 apartments that have windows.

Since 50 of them have hardwood floors, 50/60 = ⅚ = 83.33% of them have hardwood floors.

Answer: E
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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2018, 21:38
GMATT73 wrote:
50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3


Please find the video solution as mentioned





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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2018, 21:38
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